Issue 05 11 COMPETITION WINNER ANNUAL ART COVER COMPETITION 6 Polystyrene eating super worms 18 Organic tips for your garden 11 Free ewe production history card Contents 7 3 Editors note 4 Potatoes in a bag 5 Alpha Bonsmara Auction 6 Super worms 6 7 Irvine’s Botswana 8 Immunisation for small stock 5 9 Bio fortification 10 Ad space 4 11 Annual art cover contest 12 Organic tips for your garden 13 Alpha Bonsmara Group 14 Ewe production history card 15 Online Agricultural Courses 17 Sunlight solar tunnels 10 18 Science experiment for kids 19 Brain twisters 20 Magazine special promotion 9 “Together we can share knowledge, and feed our Nation” Issue 5 – June 2022 EDITORS NOTE Jerileigh du Preez Temo Thuo Farmers Directory Founder (+267) 754 84 559 email@example.com Dear Readers, It’s time to bring into being a new future, feeding the world, caring for the earth. My heart is very passionate about our planet, animals and mother earth. In this edition of the Temo Thuo Farmers Magazine, we will be shining a light on Our well-being solely depends on this growing potatoes in a bag, super worms planet which gives food and water to all munching polystyrene, matters on living things, so it is our responsibility to biofortification, and announcing the take care of it. winner of our Annual Art Cover Design 2022. I believe that a clean environment is essential for healthy living, and enhancing There are also a few tricky riddles for our relationship with nature. great minds to try and solve. It is our duty to protect our earth, I certainly hope this issue highlights because caring for our earth means some agricultural news. maintaining the existence of living beings We are in search of creative solutions as and our future generations. well as inspiration for readers to set goals, and become the new era of I trust that every reader shall thoroughly entrepreneurs. enjoy our second issue of this magazine under the Temo Thuo Farmers Directory. Jerileigh du Preez 3 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 POTATOES IN A BAG Potatoes are one of the Step 3 - Cut seed potatoes Step 6 – as the plant grows up easiest vegetables to grow. into the size of a golf ball, to 150mm, you would want to but add more soil to the bag. (This Here is an idea to inspire your each one needs to have at will help to home garden, and even least one eye in the cutting. bury the potatoes and giving venture into business by Identify it as a dent or a them more room to expand testing out different green bud sprouting from bigger). techniques. Remember to use the side of the potato. (This good compost which would is where the potato will Continue to do this until the supply sufficient nutrients to begin to sprout up outside of potato plant gets taller. any vegetables. the bag). If it grows another 150mm, add more soil. You will POTATOES IN A BAG. continue doing this until the This is an easy way to get bag is full. fresh potatoes at your convenience. This method If you try this technique, share takes up minimal space. Step 4 - Place each seed your thoughts with us in this potato cutting into the bag, editions comment section on Step 1 - Get a bag (a livestock with the sprout facing Facebook. feeding bag would also be upwards, and top the bag up good enough) with about 50mm of soil. Step 2 - Add a bit of soil to Step 5 – Water inside the the bag as a base for the bag to keep the soil moist, potato plants to develop the and do not let the bag dry tubers. out. 4 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 Issue 5 – June 2022 POLYSTERINE EATING SUPER WORMS SUPER Why is polystyrene so harmful to the environment? It is one of the most widely used packaging resources due to its low cost, mouldable qualities, and it’s light WORMS weight. However, polystyrene is extremely slow to degrade, and if disposed of it incorrectly, the foam can leach hazardous chemicals into the terrain, harming our water sources. Polystyrene manufacturing is an vast creator of dangerous waste, and hence why polystyrene manufacturing is an immense contribution to global warming today. A species of insect larvae with a It is also a problem that most of our meat at local taste for plastic could help stores is packaged in polystyrene, and lunch on the transform recycling. sides of the roads are roads, since the foam contains the chemical styrene, which has been linked to cancer, Australian scientists at the loss of hearing and vision, impaired memory Universaty of Queensland have concentration, and nervous system effects…the list found the Zophobas morio - often goes on. known as a superworm, which can survive on a diet of polystyrene, due The worst part about it all, is that It takes about 500 to a bacterial enzyme in their gut. years for it to decompose. Imagine something you threw away today, would only decompose within the Their long-term objective is to next 20 generations… is that efficient at all, and how identify which enzyme is the most does this make you feel concerning our environment? effective, followed by re-creating the super worms enzymes which would degrade plastic waste in recycling plants through mechanical shredding, then followed by enzymatic biodegradation. These superworms could be like mini recycling plants, and this bio- upcycling will encourage plastic waste recycling to reduce landfill, to live in an eco-friendly manner, where we could sustain the earth with love, for our future generations. “The secret to life, is working within nature’s laws.” 6 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 Issue 5 – June 2022 SMALL STOCK SHEEP AND GOATS THAT HAVE NEVER BEEN VACCINATED BEFORE SUSTAINED IMMUNISATION FOR SHEEP AND GOATS NB: Always check and make sure that you are at all times assisted by a certified veterinarian for any vaccinations. 8 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 Let’s talk about BIOFORTIFICATION Biofortification is a method How do we assess nutrients’ To determine any nutrient of breeding staple crops to density in food? deficiencies with your crops, have higher levels of most growers rely essential nutrients either A tool named a refractometer predominantly on visual through genetic has been around for a long symptoms, plant tissue modification or selective time, and it measures dissolved analysis and soil analysis. breeding. solids in a liquid. The dissolved Plant analysis and soil testing solids measured in the sap go hand in hand. A soil test Hoe does out fruit and from fruit or veggies like plant provides an index of the vegetables lose more sugars, minerals, vitamins, nutrient that is potentially nutrients? amino acids, and hormones. available for the crop. Vegetables are typically a Another tool that is used, is a Biofortification essentially great source of vitamin C, spectrometer which sends out plays a big role in the but a great amount of it is a light beam to the vegetable. horticulture industry, as lost when they're cooked The light is then reflected back it helps in achieving overall in water. In actual fact, to the machine which can be health improvement in boiling vegetable reduces analysed further. people and are much more vitamin C content more resilient to pests, diseases, than any other cooking However, there are existing droughts, etc. and definitely method. Spinach and teams globally working on provides better yields, and Broccoli, can lose up to 50% developing more effective tools to fight hidden hunger. or more of their vitamin C in measuring the different (Hidden hunger is caused by when boiled, hence why types of vitamins and minerals undernutrition and occurs light steaming is a better in our vegetables, along with when intake of vitamins and choice. the quantities. minerals are too low. 9 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 10 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 CONGRATULATIONS TO THE WINNER OF OUR ANNUAL ART COVER CONTEST Temo Thuo Farmers Directory an original and bright design. Magazine hosted an annual art cover competition during the In second place we would month of may, and we have like to congratulate Brandy had a tremendous amount of Joseph for a unique and contestants enter. beautiful design. All of the designs we received were stunning with a lot of Ontiretse Rebobonye effort that went in from young In first place, we would like started his graphic designers, and it was a difficult to congratulate Ontiretse designing journey during decision to pick a winner. Rebobonye for submitting lockdown, around March the winning design, which is 2020, as he was forced to Thank you to all of our featured in this magazine, transform his services contestants for entering! our 6th edition - June 2022. because of the pandemic’s restrictions and Our finalists with quality Send us a WhatsApp and regulations. designs were Katso Keletso join our e-mag groups, Gaolaolwe, Thomas K Kahaka, where you will He is also interested in and Edward Branson Motona. automatically receive every farming and working on a edition of our magazine, farming project where he In third place, we would like to and never miss out on any could hopefully receive congratulate Tebo Osekeng for news, giveaways, and funds for his future in the competitions. farming industry. 11 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5– June 2022 ORGANIC TIPS FOR YOUR GARDEN EGG SHELLS: Instead of throwing away your egg shells, you could dry them, crush them and keep it in a jar. Their purpose is to sprinkle some at the base of plants like peppers and tomatoes to prevent blossom rot and it’s great to keep away pest as well. It’s also suggested that you could scatter the egg powder in your home garden ORGANIC SOIL TEST: A good way to see if your soil is too acidic by collecting VS some of your soil, adding baking soda (bicarbonate of SYNTHETIC FERTALIZERS soda) and if it bubbles, your soil is acidic. If your soil is too acidic, and would like a natural solution, Organic gardening assists in you could mix 1 sbsp of bicarbonate of soda with 4 litres of preventing a loss of topsoil, toxic water and stir. Apply the solution to your soil. Other runoff, water pollution, soil natural ways is to use Pure PH up concentrate, wood contamination, soil poisoning, death ashes, organic manure or compost, garden lime, dolomite of insects, birds, insects and other lime, or cement kiln dust. beneficial soil organisms, as well as eliminating pesticide, herbicide, and To see if your soil is alkaline, collect some of your soil, add fungicide residues on food from some vinegar and if it bubbles, your soil is alkaline. synthetic fertilizers. If your soil is too alkaline, and looking for a more natural Nitrogen- and phosphate-based solution, you could always add sulphur to your soil, as well synthetic fertilizers leach into as good quality compost, leaf mold, pine needles, vinegar, groundwater which increases lemon juice or coffee grounds. toxicity, causing water pollution. Fertilizers that leach into streams, FERTILIZERS: rivers, lakes and other bodies of Fertilizers that are from an organic compound, are always water disrupt aquatic ecosystems. best. Instead of throwing out your banana peels, add it to a jar full of water and let it sit in the jar for 2 days, then Synthetically extracted fertilizers are use that water as plant fertilizer. There are many articles manufactured from minerals, gasses online with fermented recipes that you could use as from the air and inorganic waste organic fertilizers. materials, whereas fertilizers derived from organic compounds EPSOM SALT: obtain their nutrients from natural Epsom salt (magnesium sulfate) – helps seeds to sources such as microbes, organic germinate, makes plants grow bushier, produces more waste, and other similar materials. flowers, increases chlorophyll production and deters pests, such as slugs and voles. It also provides vital nutrients to supplement your regular fertilizer. 12 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 EVERYTHING TO KNOW ABOUT The Bonsmara has been scientifically bred and exactly selected for economizing production in the expansive cattle grazing regions of South Africa. The Bonsmara has come so popular that it has grown to be numerically the strongest beef breed in South Africa in less than 25 years. Originating in South Africa as a encourages cow efficiency, and height at withers in adult males scientific experimentation of the outstanding mothering is about 123 cm. professor Bonsma, the ability under all environmental Bonsmara was created circumstances, even extensive Weights: after numerous cross mating's african climates, and this is the Mature cows weigh on an and back- crosses conforming of reason for their admiration, average between 500 to 550 five- eighths Afrikaner( Sanga- hence, why the Bonsmara kg, producing calves with an type), three- sixteenths should be at the top of the average weaning weight of Hereford, and three- sixteenths commercial cattle farmer’s list. around 230 kg each, where as Shorthorn( both taurine types). the bulls can weigh around 800 Bonsmara breed is used mainly kg. The breed was recognized in for beef, and produce high 1964, and was officially quality meat. The main difference between registered in 1972. beefmaster and bonsmara: Bonsmaras have a calm Both breeds comprise 25% At present, the Bonsmara breed temperament, which makes it Hereford and 25% Shorthorn, isn't solely in South Africa, but easy to work with them, and but the Bonsmara has 50% is also found in Botswana, the cows have a good maternal Afrikaner, whereas the Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, ability. Beefmaster has 50% Brahman. Swaziland, Mozambique, DR Congo, Angola, Rwanda, as well Physical characteristics: as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, The breed has a uniform red Greenway Bonsmara and in US. and brown coat, medium horn, Jan Bekker Bonsmaras are selected and bred a slight hump in the bull and a (+267) 716 26 752 through a system that effectively good beef formation. Average firstname.lastname@example.org 13 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 Get your FREE printable ewe production history card! Available to download from our website or our Facebook page 14 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 Agricolleges international is becoming a Our course-work is being developed to the beacon of excellence in the education of highest standards in collaboration with relevant aspirant students wishing to train in the subject matter experts. Every feature is crafted to disciplines related to all allied industries of save course facilitators, course consultants and the agri-sector. students time and effort and to make teaching and learning easier. The platform provides a complete service that includes registration, payment, automated course administration support, integrated course design, payment processing and more. The Tzaneen Chamber of Commerce awarded Our one-year NQF Level 4 National Certificate in Agricolleges international a 2022 Prestige General Agriculture gives students the award for outstanding service to the opportunity to develop in-depth skills and community. experience that are widely recognised across the agricultural sector; while our agricultural short Agricolleges offers affordable opportunities to courses enable those already working in the students in Africa, and across the globe, industry to refresh or improve existing skills and through cloud-based and shared e-learning of gain new ones within a specific focus area. agricultural content, and promotes the Through our e-learning platform, you will have principles of sustainable production to further access to blended and shared learning food security around the world. opportunities that provide a combination of: Our courses are designed with different ⇝ Independent online learning. learning needs in mind and aim to equip ⇝ Collaboration with course facilitators and students with much needed knowledge and …..other students in the online environment. competencies that can be used to bridge the ⇝ On-the-ground practical experience at our existing skills gaps in the industry. …..Practical Destinations. “THE POWER OF KNOWLEDGE IS IN YOUR HANDS” 15 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 Temo Thuo farmers Directory is in collaboration with Agricolleges AVAILABLE COURSES international which is a modern, cloud- INTRODUCTORY COURSES; based online learning institution. ⇝ Introduction to Agribusiness. ⇝ Introduction to Animal production. We provide students with affordable, ⇝ Introduction to Plant Production. accessible and industry-relevant education and training in the fields of FUNDAMENTALS COURSES; agriculture and related agri-industries. ⇝ Fundamentals of Agribusiness. ⇝ Fundamentals of Avocado production. ACI’s unique offering provides access to ⇝ Fundamentals of Good Agricultural Practices. information in an online, blended and ⇝ Fundamentals of Macadamia Production. shared learning environment, available ⇝ Fundamentals of Maize production. from anywhere at any time. ACI offers various short courses in Agribusiness, CITRUS COURSES; Plant and Animal Production, as well ⇝ Citrus Harvesting. accredited one-year NQF Level 4 ⇝ Citrus Packaging. National Certificate courses. ⇝ Citrus Planting Management. ⇝ Citrus Propagation, Plant Structures & Functions. ⇝ Citrus Pruning. ⇝ Integrated Pest management for Citrus. NATIONAL CERTIFICATES; Contact us today for more information ⇝ National Certificate in general Agriculture. email@example.com ⇝ National Certificate in Plant Production. (+267) 76 25 22 44 ⇝ National Certificate in Animal Production. 16 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 Cell: (+267) 71 61 4007 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Capture, Transmission and diffusion of natural light SUN PIPE – SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR LIGHT TUBE - The domes, SUN PIPE – SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR Capture, Transmission and diffusion of natural LIGHT TUBE and solar diffusers have unique and lighting. Our SUN PIPE – SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR selective features, so they transmit the “good” LIGHT TUBE are systems for capturing and light and eliminate harmful light (UV, and part transmitting natural Daylight to the interior of of the Infrared) so that the heat or cold the buildings where they end with the solar transmission to the interior is residual. diffusers. Studies have shown that on average about 80% The dome is placed on the outside and of working hours in closed environments can be maximizes the capture of natural light that will done under natural lighting, thus contributing enter the SUN PIPE – SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR directly to the reduction of energy consumption LIGHT TUBE and route it to the solar diffuser and consequently to the improvement of the placed inside the installation. energy efficiency of buildings. In the background it’s as a Light Tunnel. The The physical and psychological health of all great advantage is that it can bring natural light workers depends on the working conditions to spaces that were otherwise was practically and if it takes place in natural spaces, provided impossible to illuminate: lighting for indoor with natural light (illuminated with SUN PIPE – bathrooms, corridors, cellars etc. SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR LIGHT TUBE, with Persian light tunnels, Uranus integrated lighting), then it will be better than elsewhere without these conditions. 17 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 SCIENCE FOR KIDS How Water Travels Through Leaves Procedure for this Leaf Experiment; SUPER 1. Start off by taking a walk outside and collect various leaves. WORMS 2. cut off the bottom of each leaf stem, and then place each leaf in a plastic cup filled a third of the way with water. 3. Add your red food colouring to the water. (You could add quite a bit for the water to be a very dark shade of red to increase your chances of seeing changes in the SCIENCE FOR KIDS leaves.) 4. Now you can observe the leaves closely. (You can This fun science experiment use a magnifying glass if you have one, but this is only is for kids, and it’s all about optional.) Record your findings of how they look on leaves! Day 1 of the experiment. We use coloured water and observe 5. Observe the leaves for the next two days, and be how liquids move through the leaves sure to record your finding. of plants. What changes do you see? Are your kids interested in plants You should notice the red colour move slowly through and flowers? Have them look more the leaves. closely at the leaves of plants and trees in your yard with this The coloured water moves through the xylem tubes of exciting leaf experiment for your the leaves. The xylem tubes of plants transport water kids and minerals up from the roots through the whole In this fun science experiment, we entire plant. will be observing how liquids travel through leaves over a period of only Did your kids enjoy this experiment? Check out more three days. fun experiments and activities for your children in our in future magazines, join our WhatsApp group to never Materials needed for this specific miss any of our editions! leaf experiment; 1. Leaves 2. Scissors 3. Clear plastic cups 4. Water 5. Red food colouring 6. Magnifying glass (optional) 18 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 BRAIN - TWISTERS 1. I belong in the moth of December, but not in any other month. I am not a holiday. What am I? Hint: It doesn’t have to do with a day or temperature. 2. When Billy's asked how old he is, he replies, "In two years I will be twice as old as I was five years ago." How old is he? 3. I'm everywhere and a part of everyone. I am at the end of space and time and existence itself. What am I? Hint: Think more literal than metaphysical. 4. What English word has three consecutive double letters? Hint: This word actually refers to someone who loves numbers. 5. The more you take, the more you leave behind. What am I? 6. The more there is, the less you see. What am I? 7. What is full of holes but still holds a lot of water? 8. A word I know, six letters it contains, removes one letter, and twelve remains. What am I? 9. If you have it and you show it to other people, I’m gone. What am I? ANSWERS 1. The letter “d” 5. Footprints 2. 12 years old 6. Darkness 3. The letter "e“ 7. Sponge 4. Bookkeeper 8. Dozens DO YOU HAVE ANY TRICKY FARMING RIDDLES, ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING FARMING FOR OUR NEXT Q&A PAGE, OR ARE YOU A CREATOR OF COMIC STRIPS AND WOULD LIKE TO BE FEATURED IN OUR MAGAZINE? Give us a call, send us an email, or a WhatsApp for more info. 19 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Join our WhatsApp group to receive the latest Farmers Magazine!