A - 2 lettered words ab (n.) The fifth month of the Jewish year according to the ecclesiastical reckoning, the eleventh by the civil computation, coinciding nearly with August. ab- A prefix in many words of Latin origin. It signifies from, away, separating, or departure, as in abduct, abstract, abscond. See A-(6). ad- As a prefix ad- assumes the forms ac-, af-, ag-, al-, an-, ap-, ar-, as-, at-, assimilating the d with the first letter of the word to which ad- is prefixed. ae Alt. of Ae, A diphthong in the Latin language; used also by the Saxon writers. ah (interj.) An exclamation, expressive of surprise, pity, complaint, entreaty, contempt, threatening, delight, triumph, etc., according to the manner of utterance. ai (n.) The three-toed sloth al (a.) All., (conj.) Although; if. al- (A prefix.) All; wholly; completely; as, almighty, almost., (A prefix.) am The first person singular of the verb be, in the indicative mode, present tense. See Be. an It is used before nouns of the singular number only, and signifies one, or any, but somewhat less emphatically. ar (conj.) Ere; before. as (adv. & conj.) Denoting equality or likeness in kind, degree, or manner; like; similar to; (adv. & conj.) While; during or at the same time that; when; as, he trembled as he spoke., at (prep.) Primarily, this word expresses the relations of presence, nearness in place or time, or direction toward; (prep.) A relation of proximity to, or of presence in or on, something; ax (n.) Alt. of Axe, (v. t. & i.) To ask; to inquire or inquire of. ay (interj.) Ah! alas! (adv.) Same as Aye., (adv.) Yes; yea; -- a word expressing assent, or an affirmative answer to a question (a.) Always; ever; continually; for an indefinite time. A- 3 lettered words abc (n) The first three letters of the alphabet, used for the whole alphabet aam (n.) A Dutch and German measure of liquids, varying in different cities, being at Amsterdam about 41 wine gallons, at Antwerp 36 1/2, at Hamburg 38 1/4. abb (n.) Among weavers, yarn for the warp. Hence, abb wool is wool for the abb. aby (v. t. & i.) Alt. of Abye ace (n.) A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card or die so marked; as, the ace of diamonds., (n.) Hence: A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an atom; a jot. ach (n.) Alt. of Ache act (n.) That which is done or doing; the exercise of power, a performance; a deed., (n.) The result of public deliberation; the decision or determination of a legislative body, council, court of justice, etc.; (n.) A formal solemn writing, expressing that something has been done., (n.) A performance of part of a play; one of the principal divisions of a play or dramatic work in which a certain definite part of the action is completed., (n.) A thesis maintained in public, in some English universities, by a candidate for a degree, (n.) A state of reality or real existence as opposed to a possibility or possible add (v. t.) To give by way of increased possession, (v. t.) To append, as a statement; to say further., (v. i.) To perform the arithmetical operation of addition ado (n.) To do; in doing; as, there is nothing ado., (n.) Doing; trouble; difficulty; troublesome business; fuss; bustle; as, to make a great adz (n.) Alt. of Adze, (v. t.) To cut with an adz. aft (adv. & a.) Near or towards the stern of a vessel; astern; abaft. aga (n.) Alt. of Agha age (n.) That part of the duration of a being or a thing which is between its beginning and any given time; as, what is the present age of a man, or of the earth? (n.) The latter part of life; an advanced period of life; seniority; state of being old., (n.) One of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of youth, etc., (v. i.) To grow aged; to become old; to show marks of age; as, he grew fat as he aged., ago (a. & adv.) Past; gone by; since; as, ten years ago; gone long ago. aha (interj.) An exclamation expressing, by different intonations, triumph, mixed with derision or irony, or simple surprise., (n.) A sunk fence. See Ha-ha. ahu (n.) The Asiatic gazelle. aid (v. t.) To support, either by furnishing strength or means in cooperation to effect a purpose, or to prevent or to remove evil; to help; to assist., (v. t.) Help; succor; assistance; relief., (v. t.) A subsidy granted to the king by Parliament; also, an exchequer loan., ail (v. t.) To affect with pain or uneasiness, either physical or mental; to trouble; to be the matter with, (v. i.) To be affected with pain or uneasiness of any sort; to be ill or indisposed or in aim (v. i.) To point or direct a missile weapon, or a weapon which propels as missile, towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it; (v. i.) To direct the indention or purpose; to attempt the accomplishment of a purpose; to try to gain; to endeavor; air (n.) Symbolically: Something unsubstantial, light, or volatile., (n.) Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind., (n.) Utterance abroad; publicity; vent., (n.) A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in consecutive single tones, so as to form a symmetrical and balanced whole, ais (pl. ) of Ai ait (n.) An islet, or little isle, in a river or lake; an eyot., (n.) Oat. ake (n. & v.) See Ache. ala (n.) A winglike organ, or part. alb (n.) A vestment of white linen, reaching to the feet, an enveloping the person; ale (n.) An intoxicating liquor made from an infusion of malt by fermentation and the addition of a bitter, usually hops., all (a.) The whole quantity, extent, duration, amount, quality, or degree of; the whole; (a.) Any., (a.) Only; alone; nothing but., (adv.) Wholly; completely; altogether; entirely; quite; very; as, all bedewed; (adv.) Even; just., (conj.) Although; albeit. alp (n.) A very high mountain. (n.) Fig.: Something lofty, or massive, or very hard to be surmounted., (n.) A bullfinch. als (adv.) Also., (adv.) As. alt (a. & n.) The higher part of the scale. See Alto. amb- Alt. of Ambi- amy (n.) A friend. ana (adv.) Of each; an equal quantity; as, wine and honey, ana ana- A prefix in words from the Greek, denoting up, upward, throughout, backward, back, again, anew. and (conj.) A particle which expresses the relation of connection or addition. It is used to conjoin a word with a word, a clause with a clause, or a sentence with a sentence. ani (n.) Alt. of Ano ann (n.) Alt. of Annat ano (n.) A black bird of tropical America, the West Indies and Florida ant (n.) A hymenopterous insect of the Linnaean genus Formica, which is now made a family of several genera; an emmet; a pismire. ant- See Anti-, prefix. any (a. & pron.) One indifferently, out of an indefinite number; one indefinitely, whosoever or whatsoever it may be., (a. & pron.) ape (n.) A quadrumanous mammal, esp. of the family Simiadae, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, and possessing neither a tail nor cheek pouches. (n.) A dupe., (v. t.) To mimic, as an ape imitates human actions; to imitate or follow servilely or apo A prefix from a Greek preposition. It usually signifies from, away from, off, or asunder, separate; as, in apocope apt (a.) Fit or fitted; suited; suitable; appropriate., ara (a.) Ready; especially fitted or qualified, arc (v. t.) To fit; to suit; to adapt. are The present indicative plural of the substantive verb to be; but etymologically a different word from be, or was. ark (n.) A chest, or coffer., (n.) The oblong chest of acacia wood, overlaid with gold, (n.) The large, chestlike vessel in which Noah and his family were preserved during the Deluge. arm (n.) The limb of the human body which extends from the shoulder to the hand; (n.) Anything resembling an arm, (n.) A branch of a tree., (n.) A slender part of an instrument or machine, projecting from a trunk, axis, or fulcrum; as, the arm of a steelyard., (n.) The end of a yard; also, the part of an anchor which ends in the fluke., (n.) An inlet of water from the sea., (n.) A branch of the military service; as, the cavalry arm was made efficient., (n.) A weapon of offense or defense; an instrument of warfare; -- commonly in the pl., art The second person singular, indicative mode, present tense, of the substantive verb Be; (n.)The adaptation of things in the natural world to the uses of life; (n.) A system of rules serving to facilitate the performance of certain actions; a system of principles and rules for attaining a desired end; method of doing well some special work; asa (n.) An ancient name of a gum. ash (n.) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, (n.) The tough, elastic wood of the ash tree., (v. t.) To strew or sprinkle with ashes. ask (v. t.) To request; to seek to obtain by words; to petition; to solicit; (v. t.) To publish in church for marriage; -- said of both the banns and the persons., (n.) A water newt. asp (n.) Same as Aspen., (n.) A small, hooded, poisonous serpent of Egypt and adjacent countries, (n.) One of several species of poplar bearing this name. ass (n.) A quadruped of the genus Equus, (n.) A dull, heavy, stupid fellow; a dolt. ate the preterit of Eat., (n.) The goddess of mischievous folly; also, in later poets, the goddess of vengeance., (imp.) of Eat auf (n.) A changeling or elf child, -- that is, one left by fairies; a deformed or foolish child; a simpleton; an oaf. auk (n.) A name given to various species of arctic sea birds of the family Alcidae. The great auk, now extinct, is Alca aum (n.) Same as Aam. ava (n.) Same as Kava. ave (n.) An ave Maria., (n.) A reverential salutation. awe (n.) Dread; great fear mingled with respect., awk (n.) The emotion inspired by something dreadful and sublime; an undefined sense of the dreadful and the sublime; awl (v. t.) To strike with fear and reverence; to inspire with awe; to control by inspiring dread. awm (n.) See Aam. awn (n.) The bristle or beard of barley, oats, grasses, etc., or any similar bristlelike appendage; arista. axe (n.) A tool or instrument of steel, or of iron with a steel edge or blade, for felling trees, chopping and splitting wood, hewing timber, etc. aye (adv.) Alt. of Ay, azo- (n.) An affirmative vote; one who votes in the affirmative; A- 4 lettered words a-sea (adv.) On the sea; at sea; toward the sea. abay (n.) Barking; baying of dogs upon their prey. See Bay. abba (n.) Father; religious superior; -- in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, abbe (n.) The French word answering to the English abbot, the head of an abbey; abed (adv.) In bed, or on the bed., (adv.) To childbed abet (v. t.) To instigate or encourage by aid or countenance; abib (v. t.) To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain; -- in a good sense., abid (n.) Act of abetting; aid. abit 3d sing. pres. of Abide. able (superl.) Fit; adapted; suitable., (superl.) Having sufficient power, strength, force, skill, means, or resources of any kind to accomplish the object; (a.) To make able; to enable; to strengthen., ably (adv.) In an able manner; with great ability; as, ably done, planned, said. abox (adv. & a.) Braced aback. abut (v. i.) To project; to terminate or border; to be contiguous; to meet; -- with on, upon, or against; as, his land abuts on the road. abye (v. t. & i.) To pay for; to suffer for; to atone for; to make amends for; to give satisfaction., (v. t. & i.) To endure; to abide. aces (pl. ) of Ace ache (n.) A name given to several species of plants; as, smallage, wild celery, parsley., (v. i.) Continued pain, as distinguished from sudden twinges, or spasmodic pain. Such an ache in my bones., acid (a.) Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or liquors. acme (n.) The top or highest point; the culmination., (n.) The crisis or height of a disease., (n.) Mature age; full bloom of life. acne (n.) A pustular affection of the skin, due to changes in the sebaceous glands. acre (n.) Any field of arable or pasture land., (n.) A piece of land, containing 160 square rods, or 4,840 square yards, or 43,560 adam (n.) The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the human race., (n.) Original sin; human frailty. adar (n.) The twelfth month of the Hebrew ecclesiastical year, and the sixth of the civil. It corresponded nearly with March. adaw (v. t.) To subdue; to daunt., (v. t. & i.) To awaken; to arouse. aden- Alt. of Adeno- adit (n.) An entrance or passage. adry (n.) Admission; approach; access. adze (n.) A carpenters or coopers tool, formed with a thin arching blade set at right angles to the handle. aeon (n.) A period of immeasurable duration; (n.) An immeasurable or infinite space of time; eternity; a long space of time; an age., (n.) One of the embodiments of the divine attributes of the Eternal Being. aero- The combining form of the Greek word meaning air. aery (n.) An aerie., (a.) Aerial; ethereal; incorporeal; visionary. afar (adv.) At, to, or from a great distance; far away; afer (n.) The southwest wind. affy (v. t.) To confide, aged (v. t.) To betroth or espouse; to affiance., agen (v. t.) To bind in faith., agha (v. i.) To trust or confide. agio (n.) The premium or percentage on a better sort of money when it is given in exchange for an inferior sort. agni (pl. ) of Agnus agog (a. & adv.) In eager desire; eager; astir. agon (n.) A contest for a prize at the public games. agre (adv.) Alt. of Agree ague (n.) An acute fever., (n.) A chill, or state of shaking, as with cold., (v. t.) To strike with an ague, or with a cold fit. ahem (interj.) An exclamation to call ones attention; hem. ahey (interj.) Hey; ho. ahoy (interj.) A term used in hailing; as, Ship ahoy. aiel (n.) See Ayle. aino (n.) One of a peculiar race inhabiting Yesso, the Kooril Islands etc., airy (a.) Consisting of air; as, an airy substance; the airy parts of bodies., (a.) Without reality; having no solid foundation; empty; trifling; visionary., (a.) Light of heart; vivacious; sprightly; flippant; superficial., (a.) Having an affected manner; being in the habit of putting on airs; affectedly ajar (adv.) Slightly turned or opened; (adv.) In a state of discord; out of harmony; ajog (adv.) On the jog. akin (a.) Of the same kin; related by blood; (a.) Allied by nature; partaking of the same properties; of the same kind. alae (pl. ) of Ala alan (n.) A wolfhound. alar (a.) Pertaining to, or having, wings., (a.) Axillary; in the fork or axil. alas (interj.) An exclamation expressive of sorrow, pity, or apprehension of evil; albe (conj.) Alt. of Albee alco (n.) A small South American dog, domesticated by the aborigines. alee (adv.) On or toward the lee, or the side away from the wind; the opposite of aweather. alew (n.) Halloo. alfa (n.) Alt. of Alfa grass alga (n.) A kind of seaweed; alit of Alight ally (v. t.) To unite, or form a connection between, as between families by marriage, or between princes and states by treaty, league, or confederacy; (v.) Anything akin to another by structure, etc., alma (n.) Alt. of Almah alme (n.) Alt. of Almeh alms (n. sing. & pl.) Anything given gratuitously to relieve the poor, aloe (n.) The wood of the agalloch., (n.) A genus of succulent plants, some classed as trees, others as shrubs, (n.) The inspissated juice of several species of aloe, used as a purgative. alow (adv.) Below; in a lower part. also (adv. & conj.) In like manner; likewise., (adv. & conj.) In addition; besides; as well; further; too., (adv. & conj.) Even as; as; so. alto (n.) Formerly the part sung by the highest male, or counter-tenor, voices; (n.) An alto singer. alum (n.) A double sulphate formed of aluminium and some other element, (v. t.) To steep in, or otherwise impregnate with, a solution of alum; to treat with ambi- A prefix meaning about, around; -- used in words derived from the Latin. ambo (n.) A large pulpit or reading desk, in the early Christian churches. amel (v. t.) Enamel., (v. t.) To enamel. amen (interj., adv., & n.) An expression used at the end of prayers, and meaning, So be it. amia (v. t.) To say Amen to; to sanction fully. amic (a.) Related to, or derived, ammonia; -- used chiefly as a suffix; as, amic acid; phosphamic acid. amid (prep.) See Amidst., (prep.) In the midst or middle of; surrounded or encompassed by; among. amir (n.) Emir., (n.) One of the Mohammedan nobility of Afghanistan and Scinde., (n.) Same as Ameer. amit (v. t.) To lose. amma (n.) An abbes or spiritual mother. amyl (n.) A hydrocarbon radical, C5H11, of the paraffine series found in amyl alcohol or fusel oil, etc. anal (a.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the anus; as, the anal fin or glands. anan (interj.) An expression equivalent to What did you say? Sir? Eh? anas (n.) A genus of water fowls, of the order Anseres, including certain species of fresh- water ducks. anes (adv.) Once. anet (n.) The herb dill, or dillseed. anew (adv.) Over again; another time; in a new form; afresh; as, to arm anew; to create anew. anil (n.) A West Indian plant anna (n.) An East Indian money of account, the sixteenth of a rupee, or about 2/ cents. anoa (n.) A small wild ox of Celebes anon (adv.) Straightway; at once., (adv.) Soon; in a little while., (adv.) At another time; then; again. ansa (n.) A name given to either of the projecting ends of Saturns ring. anta (n.) A species of pier produced by thickening a wall at its termination, ante (n.) Each players stake, which is put into the pool before, (v. t. & i.) To put up ante- A Latin preposition and prefix; akin to Gr. anti`, Skr. anti, Goth. and-, anda- anti A prefix meaning against, opposite or opposed to, contrary, or in place of; anus (n.) The posterior opening of the alimentary canal, through which the excrements are expelled. apar (n.) Alt. of Apara aped (imp. & p. p.) of Ape aper (n.) One who apes. apex (n.) The tip, top, point, or angular summit of anything; (n.) The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface. apis (n.) A genus of insects of the order Hymenoptera, including the common honeybee apod (n.) Alt. of Apodal, (n.) Alt. of Apode apse (n.) A projecting part of a building, esp. of a church, having in the plan a polygonal or semicircular termination, (n.) The bishops seat or throne, in ancient churches., apus (n.) A genus of fresh-water phyllopod crustaceans. See Phyllopod. aqua (n.) Water; arab (n.) One of a swarthy race occupying Arabia, and numerous in Syria, Northern Africa, etc. arak (n.) Same as Arrack. arch (n.) Any part of a curved line., (n.) Usually a curved member made up of separate wedge-shaped solids, with the joints between them disposed in the direction of the radii of the curve; used to support the wall or other weight above an opening. In this sense arches are segmental, round, arch- A prefix signifying chief, as in archbuilder, archfiend. area (n.) Any plane surface, as of the floor of a room or church, or of the ground within an inclosure; an open space in a building., aret (v. t.) To reckon; to ascribe; to impute. arew (adv.) In a row. argo (n.) The name of the ship which carried Jason and his fifty-four companions to Colchis, aria (n.) An air or song; a melody; a tune. arid (a.) Exhausted of moisture; parched with heat; dry; barren. aril (n.) Alt. of Arillus arms (n.) Instruments or weapons of offense or defense., (n.) The deeds or exploits of war; military service or science., (n.) The legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot. army (n.) A collection or body of men armed for war, (n.) A body of persons organized for the advancement of a cause; (n.) A great number; a vast multitude; a host. arna (n.) Alt. of Arnee arow (adv.) In a row, line, or rank; successively; in order. arse (n.) The buttocks, or hind part of an animal; the posteriors; the fundament; the bottom. arum (n.) A genus of plants found in central Europe and about the Mediterranean, asci (n. pl.) See Ascus. ashy (a.) Pertaining to, or composed of, ashes; filled, or strewed with, ashes., (a.) Ash-colored; whitish gray; deadly pale. asse (n.) A small foxlike animal atmo (n.) The standard atmospheric pressure used in certain physical measurements calculations; atom (n.) An ultimate indivisible particle of matter., (n.) Anything extremely small; a particle; a whit., atop (adv.) On or at the top. atte At the. atwo (adv.) In two; in twain; asunder. aube (n.) An alb. auld (a.) Old; as, Auld Reekie auln (n.) An ell. [Obs.] See Aune. aune (n.) A French cloth measure, of different parts of the country aunt (n.) The sister of ones father or mother; (n.) An old woman; and old gossip., (n.) A bawd, or a prostitute. aura (n.) Any subtile, invisible emanation, effluvium, or exhalation from a substance, (n.) The peculiar sensation. auto- A combining form, with the meaning of self, ones self, ones own, itself, its own. avel (v. t.) To pull away. aver (n.) A work horse, or working ox., (v. t.) To assert, or prove, the truth of., aves (n. pl.) The class of Vertebrata that includes the birds. avid (a.) Longing eagerly for; eager; greedy. avie (adv.) Emulously. avis (n.) Advice; opinion; deliberation. avow (v. t.) To declare openly, as something believed to be right; to own or acknowledge frankly; away (adv.) From a place; hence., (adv.) Absent; gone; at a distance; as, the master is away from home., (adv.) On; in continuance; without intermission or delay; awed (imp. & p. p.) of Awe awny (a.) Having awns; bearded. awry (adv. & a.) Turned or twisted toward one side; not in a straight or true direction, (adv. & a.) Aside from the line of truth, or right reason; unreasonable or axal (a.) [See Axial.] axes (pl. ) of Axis axil (n.) The angle or point of divergence between the upper side of a branch, leaf, or petiole, and the stem or branch from which it springs. axis (n.) The spotted deer, (n.) A straight line, real or imaginary, passing through a body, on which it revolves, or may be supposed to revolve; a line passing through a body or system around which the parts are symmetrically arranged., (n.) The stem; the central part, or longitudinal support, on which organs or parts are arranged; the central line of any body., axle (n.) The pin or spindle on which a wheel revolves, or which revolves with a wheel., (n.) A transverse bar or shaft connecting the opposite wheels of a car or carriage; an axletree., ayah (n.) A native nurse for children; also, a ladys maid. ayen (adv. & prep.) Alt. of Ayeins ayle (n.) A grandfather. ayme (n.) The utterance of the ejaculation Ay me ! [Obs.] See Ay, interj. ayry (n.) See Aerie. azym (n.) Alt. of Azyme A- 5 lettered word abaca (n.) The Manila-hemp plant abaci (pl. ) of Abacus aback (adv.) Toward the back or rear; backward., (adv.) Behind; in the rear., (adv.) Backward against the mast; (n.) An abacus. abada (n.) The rhinoceros. abaft (prep.) Behind; toward the stern from; as, abaft the wheelhouse., (adv.) Toward the stern; aft; as, to go abaft. aband (v. t.) To abandon., (v. t.) To banish; to expel. abase (a.) To lower or depress; to throw or cast down; (a.) To cast down or reduce low or lower. abash (v. t.) To destroy the self-possession of; abate (v. t.) To beat down; to overthrow., (v. t.) To bring down or reduce from a higher to a lower state, number, or degree; to lessen; to diminish; to contract; to moderate; to cut short; as, to abate a demand; to abate pride, zeal, hope., abbey (n.) A monastery or society of persons of either sex, secluded from the world and devoted to religion and celibacy; abbot (n.) The superior or head of an abbey., (n.) One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys. abdal (n.) A religious devotee or dervish in Persia. abeam (adv.) On the beam, that is, on a line which forms a right angle with the ships keel; opposite to the center of the ships side. abear (v. t.) To bear; to behave., (v. t.) To put up with; to endure. abele (n.) The white poplar aberr (v. i.) To wander; to stray. abhal (n.) The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies. abhor (v. t.) To shrink back with shuddering from; to regard with horror or detestation; to feel excessive repugnance toward; to detest to extremity; to loathe., abide (v. i.) To wait; to pause; to delay., (v. i.) To stay; to continue in a place; to have ones abode; to dwell; to sojourn; (v. t.) To stand the consequences of; to answer for; to suffer for. abies (n.) A genus of coniferous trees, properly called Fir, abime (n.) Alt. of Abyme ablen A small fresh-water fish abler (a.) comp. of Able., (a.) superl. of Able. ablet Alt. of Ablen abnet (n.) The girdle of a Jewish priest or officer. abode (imp. & p. p.) of Abide, pret. of Abide., (n.) Act of waiting; delay., (v. t.) An omen., (v. t.) To bode; to foreshow., aboma (n.) A large South American serpent aboon (prep.) and adv. Above. abord (n.) Manner of approaching or accosting; address., (v. t.) To approach; to accost. abort (v. i.) To miscarry; to bring forth young prematurely., (v. i.) To become checked in normal development, (n.) An untimely birth., (n.) An aborted offspring. about (prep.) Around; all round; on every side of., (adv.) In circuit; circularly; by a circuitous way; around the outside; as, a mile about, and a third of a mile across., (adv.) Here and there; around; in one place and another., (adv.) Nearly; approximately; with close correspondence, in quality, manner, degree, above (prep.) In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; (adv.) In a higher place; overhead; into or from heaven; as, the clouds above., (adv.) Earlier in order; higher in the same page; hence, in a foregoing page., abray (v.) See Abraid. absis (n.) See Apsis. abuna (n.) The Patriarch, or head of the Abyssinian Church. abuse (v. t.) To put to a wrong use; to misapply; to misuse; to put to a bad use; to pervert; to make an excessive use of; abuzz (a.) In a buzz; buzzing. abyme (n.) A abyss. abysm (n.) An abyss; a gulf. abyss (n.) A bottomless or unfathomed depth, gulf, or chasm; (n.) Infinite time; a vast intellectual or moral depth., (n.) The center of an escutcheon. acari (pl. ) of Acarus accoy (v. t.) To render quiet; to soothe., (v. t.) To subdue; to tame; to daunt. acerb (a.) Sour, bitter, and harsh to the taste, as unripe fruit; sharp and harsh. ached (imp. & p. p.) of Ache acini (pl. ) of Acinus acock (adv.) In a cocked or turned up fashion. acold (a.) Cold. acorn (n.) The fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody cup or cupule., (n.) A cone-shaped piece of wood on the point of the spindle above the vane, on the acred (a.) Possessing acres or landed property; acrid (a.) Sharp and harsh, or bitter and not, to the taste; pungent; (a.) Causing heat and irritation; corrosive; acted (imp. & p. p.) of Act acton (n.) A stuffed jacket worn under the mail, or actor (n.) One who acts, or takes part in any affair; a doer., (n.) A theatrical performer; a stageplayer., (n.) An advocate or proctor in civil courts or causes., acute (a.) Sharp at the end; ending in a sharp point; pointed; (a.) Having nice discernment; perceiving or using minute distinctions; (a.) High, or shrill, in respect to some other sound; (a.) Attended with symptoms of some degree of severity, and coming speedily to a crisis; adact (v. t.) To compel; to drive. adage (n.) An old saying, which has obtained credit by long use; a proverb. adapt (a.) Fitted; suited., (v. t.) To make suitable; to fit, or suit; to adjust; to alter so as to fit for a new use; adays (adv.) By day, or every day; in the daytime. addax (n.) One of the largest African antelopes added (imp. & p. p.) of Add adder (n.) One who, or that which, adds; esp., a machine for adding numbers., (n.) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. addle (n.) Liquid filth; mire., (n.) Lees; dregs., (a.) Having lost the power of development, and become rotten, (v. t. & i.) To make addle; to grow addle; to muddle; as, he addled his brain., adeem (v. t.) To revoke, as a legacy, grant, etc., or to satisfy it by some other gift. adeno- Combining forms of the Greek word for gland; -- used in words relating to the structure, diseases, etc., of the glands. adeps (n.) Animal fat; lard. adept (n.) One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy., (a.) Well skilled; completely versed; thoroughly proficient. adieu (interj. & adv.) Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes at parting., (n.) A farewell; commendation to the care of God at parting. admit (v. t.) To suffer to enter; to grant entrance, whether into a place, or into the mind, or consideration; to receive; to take; (v. t.) To concede as true; to acknowledge or assent to, as an allegation which it is admix (v. t.) To mingle with something else; to mix. adobe (n.) An unburnt brick dried in the sun; adoor Alt. of Adoors adopt (v. t.) To take by choice into relationship, (v. t.) To take or receive as ones own what is not so naturally; to select and take or adore (v. t.) To worship with profound reverence; to pay divine honors to; to honor as deity or as divine., adorn (v. t.) To deck or dress with ornaments; to embellish; to set off to advantage; to render pleasing or attractive., adown (adv.) From a higher to a lower situation; downward; down, to or on the ground., (prep.) Down. adrad (p. a.) Put in dread; afraid. adrip (adv. & a.) In a dripping state; as, leaves all adrip. adult (a.) Having arrived at maturity, or to full size and strength; matured; (n.) A person, animal, or plant grown to full size and strength; one who has reached adunc (a.) Alt. of Adunque adure (v. t.) To burn up. adust (a.) Inflamed or scorched; fiery., (a.) Looking as if or scorched; sunburnt., (a.) Having much heat in the constitution and little serum in the blood. adyta (pl. ) of Adytum aegis (n.) A shield or protective armor; aerie (n.) The nest of a bird of prey, affix (v. t.) To subjoin, annex, or add at the close or end; to append to; to fix to any part of; to affix a seal to an instrument; to affix ones name to a writing., afire (adv. & a.) On fire. aflat (adv.) Level with the ground; flat. aflow (adv. & a.) Flowing. afoam (adv. & a.) In a foaming state; as, the sea is all afoam. afoot (adv.) On foot., (adv.) Fig.: In motion; in action; astir; in progress. afore (adv.) Before., (adv.) In the fore part of a vessel., (prep.) Before, afoul (adv. & a.) In collision; entangled. afric (a.) African., (n.) Africa. afrit (n.) Alt. of Afreet after (a.) Next; later in time; subsequent; succeeding; as, an after period of life., (a.) Hinder; nearer the rear., (a.) To ward the stern of the ship; (prep.) Behind in place; as, men in line one after another., (prep.) Below in rank; next to in order., again (adv.) In return, back; (adv.) Another time; (adv.) Moreover; besides; further., agama (n.) A genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; agami (n.) A South American bird agape (adv. & a.) Gaping, as with wonder, expectation, or eager attention., (n.) The love feast of the primitive Christians, agasp (adv. & a.) In a state of gasping. agast (v. t.) Alt. of Aghast, (p. p. & a.) See Aghast. agate (adv.) On the way; agoing; as, to be agate; to set the bells agate., (n.) A semipellucid, uncrystallized variety of quartz, presenting various tints in the same specimen. (n.) A kind of type, larger than pearl and smaller than nonpareil; (n.) A diminutive person; so called in allusion to the small figures cut in agate for rings agaty (a.) Of the nature of agate, or containing agate. agave (n.) A genus of plants agend (n.) See Agendum. agent (a.) Acting; (n.) One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor., (n.) One who acts for, or in the place of, (n.) An active power or cause; agger (n.) An earthwork; a mound; a raised work. aggri (a.) Applied to a kind of variegated glass beads of ancient manufacture; aggry (a.) Alt. of Aggri agile (a.) Having the faculty of quick motion in the limbs; apt or ready to move; nimble; active; aging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Age agios (pl. ) of Agio agist (v. t.) To take to graze or pasture, at a certain sum; aglet (n.) Alt. of Aiglet agley (adv.) Aside; askew. aglow (adv. & a.) In a glow; glowing; as, cheeks aglow; the landscape all aglow. agnus (n.) Agnus Dei. agone (a. & adv.) Ago., (n.) Agonic line. agony (n.) Violent contest or striving., (n.) Pain so extreme as to cause writhing or contortions of the body, (n.) Paroxysm of joy; keen emotion., (n.) The last struggle of life; death struggle. agood (adv.) In earnest; heartily. agora (n.) An assembly; hence, the place of assembly, agree (adv.) In good part; kindly., (v. i.) To harmonize in opinion, statement, or action; to be in unison or concord; to be or become united or consistent; to concur; as, all parties agree in the expediency of the law., (v. i.) To correspond in gender, number, case, or person., (v. t.) To make harmonious; to reconcile or make friends., agrin (adv. & a.) In the act of grinning. agrom (n.) A disease occurring in Bengal and other parts of the East Indies, in which the tongue chaps and cleaves. agued (imp. & p. p.) of Ague agush (adv. & a.) In a gushing state. ahead (adv.) In or to the front; in advance; onward., (adv.) Headlong; without restraint. aheap (adv.) In a heap; huddled together. ahigh (adv.) On high. ahold (adv.) Near the wind; as, to lay a ship ahold. ahull (adv.) With the sails furled, and the helm lashed alee; aided (imp. & p. p.) of Aid aider (n.) One who, or that which, aids. aigre (a.) Sour. ailed (imp. & p. p.) of Ail aimed (imp. & p. p.) of Aim aimer (n.) One who aims, directs, or points. aint A contraction for are not and am not; also used for is not. aired (imp. & p. p.) of Air airer (n.) One who exposes to the air., (n.) A frame on which clothes are aired or dried. aisle (n.) A lateral division of a building, separated from the middle part, (n.) Improperly used also for the have; (n.) Also aitch (n.) The letter h or H. akene (n.) Same as Achene. aknee (adv.) On the knee. aknow Earlier form of Acknow. alack (interj.) An exclamation expressive of sorrow. aland (adv.) On land; to the land; ashore. alarm (n.) A summons to arms, as on the approach of an enemy., (n.) Any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger; a warning sound to arouse attention; a warning of danger., (n.) A sudden attack; disturbance; broil., (v. t.) To call to arms for defense; to give notice to, alary (a.) Of or pertaining to wings; also, wing-shaped. alate (adv.) Lately; of late., (a.) Alt. of Alated alban (n.) A white crystalline resinous substance extracted from gutta-percha by the action of alcohol or ether. albee (conj.) Although; albeit. album (n.) A register for visitors names; a visitors book., (n.) A blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing of friends, albyn (n.) Scotland; esp. the Highlands of Scotland. alday (adv.) Continually. alder (n.) A tree, usually growing in moist land, and belonging to the genus Alnus. (a.) Alt. of Aller aleak (adv. & a.) In a leaking condition. alert (a.) Watchful; vigilant; active in vigilance., (a.) Brisk; nimble; moving with celerity., (n.) An alarm from a real or threatened attack; a sudden attack; also, a bugle sound alfet (n.) A caldron of boiling water into which an accused person plunged his forearm as a test of innocence or guilt. algae (pl. ) of Alga algal (a.) Pertaining to, or like, algae. algid (a.) Cold; chilly. algol (n.) A fixed star, in Medusas head, in the constellation Perseus, remarkable for its periodic variation in brightness. algor (n.) Cold; chilliness. algum (n.) Same as Almug, (n.) A tree or wood of the Bible alias (adv.) Otherwise; otherwise called; (adv.) At another time., (n.) A second or further writ which is issued after a first writ has expired without alibi (n.) The plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove that he was in another place when the alleged act was committed; alien (a.) Not belonging to the same country, land, or government, or to the citizens or subjects thereof; foreign; as, alien subjects, enemies, property, shores., (a.) Wholly different in nature; foreign; adverse; inconsistent, (n.) A foreigner; one owing allegiance, or belonging, to another country; (n.) One excluded from certain privileges; one alienated or estranged; (v. t.) To alienate; to estrange; to transfer, as property or ownership. alife (adv.) On my life; dearly. align (v. t.) To adjust or form to a line; to range or form in line; to bring into line; to aline., (v. t.) To form in line; to fall into line. alike (a.) Having resemblance or similitude; similar; without difference., (adv.) In the same manner, form, or degree; in common; equally; aline (v. t.) To range or place in a line; to bring into line; to align. alish (a.) Like ale; as, an alish taste. alive (a.) Having life, in opposition to dead; living; (a.) In a state of action; in force or operation; unextinguished; unexpired; existent; as, allah (n.) The name of the Supreme Being, in use among the Arabs and the Mohammedans generally. allay (v. t.) To make quiet or put at rest; to pacify or appease; to quell; to calm; (v. t.) To alleviate; to abate; to mitigate; (v. t.) To diminish in strength; to abate; to subside., (n.) Alleviation; abatement; check., (n.) Alloy., aller (a.) Of all; -- used in composition; as, alderbest, best of all, alderwisest, wisest of all., (a.) Same as Alder, of all. alley (n.) A narrow passage; especially a walk or passage in a garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes; a bordered way., (n.) The space between two rows of compositors stands in a printing office., allis (n.) The European shad allod (n.) See Allodium. alloo (v. t. / i.) To incite dogs by a call; to halloo. allot (v. t.) To distribute by lot., (v. t.) To distribute, or parcel out in parts or portions; or to distribute; to assign as a share or lot; to set apart as ones share; to bestow on; to grant; to appoint; allow (v. t.) To praise; to approve of; hence, to sanction., (v. t.) To like; to be suited or pleased with., (v. t.) To sanction; to invest; to intrust., (v. t.) To grant, give, admit, accord, afford, or yield; to let one have; as, to allow a servant his liberty; to allow a free passage; to allow one day for rest., alloy (v. t.) Any combination or compound of metals fused together; a mixture of metals; for example, brass, which is an alloy of copper and zinc. But when mercury is one of the metals, the compound is called an amalgam., allyl (n.) An organic radical, C3H5, existing especially in oils of garlic and mustard. almah (n.) Same as Alme. alman (n.) A German., (adj.) A kind of dance. See Allemande. almeh (n.) An Egyptian dancing girl; an Alma. almry (n.) See Almonry. almug (n.) Alt. of Algum aloes (pl. ) of Aloe aloft (adv.) On high; in the air; high above the ground., (adv.) In the top; at the mast head, or on the higher yards or rigging; overhead; alogy (n.) Unreasonableness; absurdity. aloin (n.) A bitter purgative principle in aloes. alone (a.) Quite by ones self; apart from, or exclusive of, others; single; solitary; (a.) Of or by itself; by themselves; without any thing more or any one else; without a along (adv.) By the length; in a line with the length; lengthwise., (adv.) In a line, or with a progressive motion; onward; forward., (adv.) In company; together., (prep.) By the length of, as distinguished from across., aloof (n.) Same as Alewife., (adv.) At or from a distance, but within view, or at a small distance; apart; away., (adv.) Without sympathy; unfavorably., (prep.) Away from; clear from. alose (v. t.) To praise., (n.) The European shad aloud (adv.) With a loud voice, or great noise; loudly; audibly. alpen (a.) Of or pertaining to the Alps. alpha (n.) The first letter in the Greek alphabet, answering to A, and hence used to denote the beginning. alpia (n.) The seed of canary grass altar (n.) A raised structure, (n.) In the Christian church, a construction of stone, wood, or other material for the alter (v. t.) To change in some respect, either partially or wholly; to vary; to modify., (v. t.) To agitate; to affect mentally., (v. i.) To become, in some respects, different; to vary; to change; altho (conj.) Although. altos (pl. ) of Alto alula (n.) A false or bastard wing. See under Bastard. alure (n.) A walk or passage; -- applied to passages of various kinds. alvei (pl. ) of Alveus alway (adv.) Always. amain (n.) With might; with full force; vigorously; violently; exceedingly., (n.) At full speed; in great haste; also, at once., (v. t.) To lower, as a sail, a yard, etc., (v. i.) To lower the topsail, in token of surrender; to yield. amass (v. t.) To collect into a mass or heap; to gather a great quantity of; to accumulate; (n.) A mass; a heap. amate (v. t.) To dismay; to dishearten; to daunt., (v. t.) To be a mate to; to match. amaze (v. t.) To bewilder; to stupefy; to bring into a maze., (v. t.) To confound, as by fear, wonder, extreme surprise; to overwhelm with wonder; amber (n.) A yellowish translucent resin resembling copal, found as a fossil in alluvial soils, with beds of lignite, or on the seashore in many places. (n.) The balsam, liquidambar., (v. t.) To scent or flavor with ambergris; as, ambered wine., ambit (n.) Circuit or compass. amble (v. i.) To go at the easy gait called an amble; (v. i.) To move somewhat like an ambling horse; to go easily or without hard shocks., ambon (n.) Same as Ambo. ambos (pl. ) of Ambo ambry (n.) In churches, a kind of closet, niche, cupboard, or locker for utensils, vestments, etc., (n.) A store closet, as a pantry, cupboard, etc., ameer (n.) Alt. of Amir amend (v. t.) To change or modify in any way for the better, (v. t.) by simply removing what is erroneous, corrupt, superfluous, faulty, and the ament (n.) A species of inflorescence; a catkin. amess (n.) Amice, a hood or cape. See 2d Amice. amice (n.) A square of white linen worn at first on the head, but now about the neck and shoulders, by priests of the Roman Catholic Church while saying Mass., (n.) A hood, or cape with a hood, made of lined with gray fur, formerly worn by the amide (n.) A compound formed by the union of amidogen with an acid element or radical. amido (a.) Containing, or derived from, amidogen. amine (n.) One of a class of strongly basic substances derived from ammonia amiss (adv.) Astray; faultily; improperly; wrongly; ill., (a.) Wrong; faulty; out of order; improper; (n.) A fault, wrong, or mistake. amity (n.) Friendship, in a general sense, between individuals, societies, or nations; friendly relations; among (prep.) Alt. of Amongst amort (a.) As if dead; lifeless; spiritless; dejected; depressed. amour (n.) Love; affection., (n.) Love making; a love affair; usually, an unlawful connection in love; a love intrigue; amove (v. t.) To remove, as a person or thing, from a position., (v. t.) To dismiss from an office or station., (v. t. & i.) To move or be moved; to excite. amphi- A prefix in words of Greek origin, signifying both, of both kinds, on both sides, about, around. ample (a.) Large; great in size, extent, capacity, or bulk; spacious; roomy; widely extended., (a.) Fully sufficient; abundant; liberal; copious; as, an ample fortune; ample justice., amply (adv.) In an ample manner. ampul (n.) Same as Ampulla, 2. ampyx (n.) A womans headband amsel (n.) Alt. of Amzel amuck (a. & adv.) In a frenzied and reckless manner. amuse (v.) To entertain or occupy in a pleasant manner; to stir with pleasing or mirthful emotions; amyss (n.) Same as Amice, a hood or cape. amzel (n.) The European ring ousel anaks (n. pl.) A race of giants living in Palestine. ancle (n.) See Ankle. ancon (n.) The olecranon, or the elbow., (n.) Alt. of Ancone anear (prep. & adv.) Near., (v. t. & i.) To near; to approach. anele (v. t.) To anoint., (v. t.) To give extreme unction to. anent (a.) Over against; as, he lives anent the church., (a.) About; concerning; in respect; as, he said nothing anent this particular. angel (n.) A messenger., (n.) A spiritual, celestial being, superior to man in power and intelligence. (n.) An ancient gold coin of England, bearing the figure of the archangel Michael. anger (n.) Trouble; vexation; also, physical pain or smart of a sore, etc., (n.) A strong passion or emotion of displeasure or antagonism, excited by a real or supposed injury or insult to ones self or others, or by the intent to do such injury., (v. angio- A prefix, or combining form, in numerous compounds, usually relating to seed or blood vessels, or to something contained in, or covered by, a vessel. angle (n.) The inclosed space near the point where two lines meet; a corner; a nook., (n.) The figure made by. two lines which meet., (n.) The difference of direction of two lines. In the lines meet, the point of meeting is the vertex of the angle., (n.) A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment., (n.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological houses., (n.) A fishhook; tackle for catching fish, consisting of a line, hook, and bait, with or without a rod., (v. i.) To fish with an angle, anglo- A combining form meaning the same as English; or English and, or English conjoined with; angor (n.) Great anxiety accompanied by painful constriction at the upper part of the belly, often with palpitation and oppression. angry (superl.) Troublesome; vexatious; rigorous., (superl.) Inflamed and painful, as a sore., (superl.) Touched with anger; under the emotion of anger; feeling resentment; anigh (prep. & adv.) Nigh. anile (a.) Old-womanish; imbecile. anime (a.) Of a different tincture from the animal itself; (n.) A resin exuding from a tropical American tree animi (pl. ) of Animus anion (n.) An electro-negative element, or the element which, in electro-chemical decompositions, is evolved at the anode; anise (n.) An umbelliferous plant, (n.) The fruit or seeds of this plant. anker (n.) A liquid measure in various countries of Europe. ankle (n.) The joint which connects the foot with the leg; the tarsus. annal (n.) See Annals. annat (n.) A half yearss stipend, over and above what is owing for the incumbency, annex (v. t.) To join or attach; usually to subjoin; to affix; to append; (n.) Something annexed or appended; as, an additional stipulation to a writing, a annoy (n.) To disturb or irritate, especially by continued or repeated acts; to tease; to ruffle in mind; to vex; (n.) To molest, incommode, or harm; as, to annoy an army by impeding its march, or annul (a.) To reduce to nothing; to obliterate., (a.) To make void or of no effect; to nullify; to abolish; to do away with; anode (n.) The positive pole of an electric battery, or more strictly the electrode anoil (v. t.) To anoint with oil. anomy (n.) Disregard or violation of law. anona (n.) A genus of tropical or subtropical plants of the natural order Anonaceae, including the soursop. anorn (v. t.) To adorn. ansae (pl. ) of Ansa antae (pl. ) of Anta antes (n. pl.) Antae. See Anta. antic (a.) Old; antique., (n.) A buffoon or merry-andrew; one that practices odd gesticulations; the Fool of the old play., (n.) An odd imagery, device, or tracery; a fantastic figure., antra (pl. ) of Antrum antre (n.) A cavern. anura (n. pl.) One of the orders of amphibians characterized by the absence of a tail, as the frogs and toads. anury (n.) Nonsecretion or defective secretion of urine; ischury. anvil (n.) An iron block, usually with a steel face, upon which metals are hammered and shaped., (n.) Anything resembling an anvil in shape or use., (n.) the incus. aorta (n.) The great artery which carries the blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs; the main trunk of the arterial system. apace (adv.) With a quick pace; quick; fast; speedily. apaid (a.) Paid; pleased. apair (v. t. & i.) To impair or become impaired; to injure. apara (n.) See Mataco. apart (adv.) Separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside., (adv.) In a state of separation, of exclusion, or of distinction, as to purpose, use, or character, apeak (adv. & a.) In a vertical line. The anchor in apeak, when the cable has been sufficiently hove in to bring the ship over it, and the ship is them said to be hove apeak. apert (a.) Open; evident; undisguised., (adv.) Openly. apery (n.) A place where apes are kept., (n.) The practice of aping; an apish action. aphid (n.) One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian. aphis (n.) A genus of insects belonging to the order Hemiptera and family Aphidae, including numerous species known as plant lice and green flies. apian (a.) Belonging to bees. aping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ape apiol (n.) An oily liquid derived from parsley. apish (a.) Having the qualities of an ape; prone to imitate in a servile manner. Hence: Apelike; fantastically silly; foppish; affected; trifling. apoda (n.) A group of cirripeds, destitute of footlike organs., (n.) An order of Amphibia without feet. See Ophiomorpha., (n.) A group of worms without appendages, as the leech. apode (n.) One of certain animals that have no feet or footlike organs; esp. one of certain fabulous birds which were said to have no feet. apods (pl. ) of Apode aport (adv.) On or towards the port or left side; appay (v. t.) To pay; to satisfy or appease. apple (n.) The fleshy pome or fruit of a rosaceous tree, (n.) Any tree genus Pyrus which has the stalk sunken into the base of the fruit; an apple tree., (n.) Any fruit or other vegetable production resembling, or supposed to resemble, the apple; as, apple of love, or love apple, apply (v. t.) To lay or place; to put or adjust, (v. t.) To put to use; to use or employ for a particular purpose, or in a particular case; to appropriate; to devote; as, to apply money to the payment of a debt., (v. t.) To make use of, declare, or pronounce, as suitable, fitting, or relative; as, to apply the testimony to the case; to apply an epithet to a person., (v. t.) To fix closely; to engage and employ diligently, or with attention; to attach; to appui (n.) A support or supporter; a stay; a prop. april (n.) The fourth month of the year., (n.) Fig.: With reference to April being the month in which vegetation begins to put apron (n.) An article of dress, of cloth, leather, or other stuff, worn on the fore part of the body, to keep the clothes clean, to defend them from injury, or as a covering. It is commonly tied at the waist by strings., (n.) Something which by its shape or use suggests an apron; (n.) The fat skin covering the belly of a goose or duck., (n.) A piece of leather, or other material, to be spread before a person riding on an outside seat of a vehicle, to defend him from the rain, snow, or dust; a boot., (n.) A leaden plate that covers the vent of a cannon., apsis (n.) One of the two points of an orbit, as of a planet or satellite, which are at the greatest and least distance from the central body, corresponding to the aphelion and perihelion of a planet, or to the apogee and perigee of the moon. (n.) In a curve referred to polar coordinates, any point for which the radius vector is a aptly (adv.) In an apt or suitable manner; fitly; properly; pertinently; appropriately; readily. araby (n.) The country of Arabia. arace (v. t.) To tear up by the roots; to draw away. arara (n.) The palm arbor (n.) A kind of latticework formed of, or covered with, vines, branches of trees, or other plants, for shade; a bower., (n.) A tree, as distinguished from a shrub., (n.) An axle or spindle of a wheel or opinion., archi- A prefix signifying chief, arch; as, architect, archiepiscopal. archy (a.) Arched; as, archy brows. ardor (n.) Heat, in a literal sense; as, the ardor of the suns rays., (n.) Warmth or heat of passion or affection; eagerness; zeal; (n.) Bright and effulgent spirits; seraphim. aread (v. t.) Alt. of Areed areal (a.) Of or pertaining to an area; as, areal interstices arear (v. t. & i.) To raise; to set up; to stir up., (adv.) Backward; in or to the rear; behindhand. areas (pl. ) of Area areca (n.) A genus of palms, one species of which produces the areca nut, or betel nut areed (v. t.) To tell, declare, explain, or interpret; to divine; to guess; as, to aread a riddle or a dream., (v. t.) To read., (v. t.) To counsel, advise, warn, or direct., areek (adv. & a.) In a reeking condition. arefy (v. t.) To dry, or make dry. arena (n.) The area in the central part of an amphitheater, in which the gladiators fought and other shows were exhibited; (n.) Any place of public contest or exertion; any sphere of action; as, the arenaof areng (n.) Alt. of Arenga arere (v. t. & i.) See Arear. arest (n.) A support for the spear when couched for the attack. argal (n.) Crude tartar. See Argol., (adv.) A ludicrous corruption of the Latin word ergo, (n.) Alt. of Argali argas (n.) A genus of venomous ticks which attack men and animals. argil (n.) Clay, or potters earth; sometimes pure clay, or alumina. See Clay. argol (n.) Crude tartar; an acidulous salt from which cream of tartar is prepared. argon (n.) A substance regarded as an element, contained in the atmosphere and remarkable for its chemical inertness. argot (n.) A secret language or conventional slang peculiar to thieves, tramps, and vagabonds; flash. argue (v. i.) To invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; to use arguments; to reason., (v. i.) To contend in argument; to dispute; to reason; (v. t.) To prove or evince; too manifest or exhibit by inference, deduction, or reasoning., argus (n.) A fabulous being of antiquity, said to have had a hundred eyes, who has placed by Juno to guard Io. arian (a. & n.) See Aryan., (a.) Pertaining to Arius, a presbyter of the church of Alexandria, in the fourth century, (n.) One who adheres to or believes the doctrines of Arius. ariel Alt. of Ariel gazelle aries (n.) The Ram; the first of the twelve signs in the zodiac, which the sun enters at the vernal equinox, about the 21st of March., arise (v. i.) To come up from a lower to a higher position; to come above the horizon; to come up from ones bed or place of repose; to mount; to ascend; to rise; (v. i.) To spring up; to come into action, being, or notice; to become operative, sensible, or visible; to begin to act a part; to present itself; (v. i.) To proceed; to issue; to spring., arist 3d sing. pres. of Arise, for ariseth. arles (n. pl.) An earnest; earnest money; money paid to bind a bargain. armed (imp. & p. p.) of Arm, (a.) Furnished with weapons of offense or defense; furnished with the means of security or protection., (a.) Furnished with whatever serves to add strength, force, or efficiency., armet (n.) A kind of helmet worn in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries. armil (n.) A bracelet., (n.) An ancient astronomical instrument. armor (n.) Defensive arms for the body; any clothing or covering worn to protect ones person in battle., arnee (n.) The wild buffalo of India arnot (n.) Alt. of Arnut arnut (n.) The earthnut. aroid (a.) Alt. of Aroideous aroma (n.) The quality or principle of plants or other substances which constitutes their fragrance; agreeable odor; as, the aroma of coffee., aroph (n.) A barbarous word used by the old chemists to designate various medical remedies. arose (imp.) of Arise, The past or preterit tense of Arise. arpen (n.) Formerly, a measure of land in France, varying in different parts of the country. arras (n.) Tapestry; a rich figured fabric; especially, a screen or hangings of heavy cloth with interwoven figures., array (n.) Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle; as, drawn up in battle array., (n.) The whole body of persons thus placed in order; an orderly collection; hence, a body of soldiers., (n.) An imposing series of things., (n.) Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person; rich or beautiful apparel., (n.) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impaneled in a cause., (n.) The panel itself., arret (n.) A judgment, decision, or decree of a court or high tribunal; also, a decree of a sovereign., (n.) An arrest; a legal seizure., arris (n.) The sharp edge or salient angle formed by two surfaces meeting each other, whether plane or curved; arrow (n.) A missile weapon of offense, slender, pointed, and usually feathered and barbed, to be shot from a bow. arsis (n.) That part of a foot where the ictus is put, or which is distinguished from the rest, (n.) That elevation of voice now called metrical accentuation, or the rhythmic accent., arson (n.) The malicious burning of a dwelling house or outhouse of another man, artly (adv.) With art or skill. artow A contraction of art thou. arval (n.) A funeral feast. aryan (n.) One of a primitive people supposed to have lived in prehistoric times, in Central Asia, ascii (n. pl.) Alt. of Ascians ascus (n.) A small membranous bladder or tube in which are inclosed the seedlike reproductive particles or sporules of lichens and certain fungi. ashen (a.) Of or pertaining to the ash tree., (a.) Consisting of, or resembling, ashes; of a color between brown and gray, or white and gray., ashes (n. pl.) The earthy or mineral particles of combustible substances remaining after combustion, as of wood or coal., (n. pl.) Specifically: The remains of the human body when burnt, or when returned to asian (a.) Of or pertaining to Asia; Asiatic., (n.) An Asiatic. aside (adv.) On, or to, one side; out of a straight line, course, or direction; at a little distance from the rest; out of the way; apart., (adv.) Out of ones thoughts; off; away; as, to put aside gloomy thoughts., (adv.) So as to be heard by others; privately., asked (imp. & p. p.) of Ask asker (n.) One who asks; a petitioner; an inquirer., (n.) An ask; a water newt. askew (adv. & a.) Awry; askance; asquint; oblique or obliquely; aslug (adv.) Sluggishly. asoak (a.) Soaking. aspen (n.) Alt. of Asp, (a.) Of or pertaining to the aspen, or resembling it; made of aspen wood. asper (a.) Rough; rugged; harsh; bitter; stern; fierce., (n.) The rough breathing; a mark, (n.) A Turkish money of account aspic (n.) The venomous asp., (n.) A piece of ordnance carrying a 12 pound shot., (n.) A European species of lavender, (n.) A savory meat jelly containing portions of fowl, game, fish, hard boiled eggs, etc. assai A direction equivalent to very; as, adagio assai, very slow. assay (n.) Trial; attempt; essay., (n.) Examination and determination; test; as, an assay of bread or wine., (n.) Trial by danger or by affliction; adventure; risk; hardship; state of being tried., (n.) Tested purity or value., (n.) The act or process of ascertaining the proportion of a particular metal in an ore or alloy; especially, the determination of the proportion of gold or silver in bullion or coin., asses (pl. ) of As asset (n.) Any article or separable part of ones assets. assot (v. t.) To besot; to befool; to beguile; to infatuate., (a.) Dazed; foolish; infatuated. astay (adv.) An anchor is said to be astay, when, in heaving it, an acute angle is formed between the cable and the surface of the water. astel (n.) An arch, or ceiling, of boards, placed over the mens heads in a mine. aster (n.) A genus of herbs with compound white or bluish flowers; starwort; Michaelmas daisy., astir (adv. & a.) Stirring; in a state of activity or motion; out of bed. aston (v. t.) Alt. of Astone astro- The combining form of the Greek word a`stron, meaning star. astun (v. t.) To stun. asura (n.) An enemy of the gods, esp. one of a race of demons and giants. asyla (pl. ) of Asylum at one In concord or friendship; in agreement, Of the same opinion; agreed; atake (v. t.) To overtake. ataxy (n.) Disorder; irregularity., (n.) Irregularity in disease, or in the functions., atilt (adv.) In the manner of a tilter; in the position, or with the action, of one making a thrust., atimy (n.) Public disgrace or stigma; infamy; loss of civil rights. atlas (n.) One who sustains a great burden., (n.) The first vertebra of the neck, articulating immediately with the skull, (n.) A collection of maps in a volume, (n.) A volume of plates illustrating any subject., (n.) A work in which subjects are exhibited in a tabular from or arrangement; as, an historical atlas., (n.) A large, square folio, resembling a volume of maps; -- called also atlas folio., (n.) A drawing paper of large size. See under Paper, n., (n.) A rich kind of atoll (n.) A coral island or islands, consisting of a belt of coral reef, partly submerged, surrounding a central lagoon or depression; a lagoon island. atomy (n.) An atom; a mite; a pigmy., (n.) A skeleton. atone (v. i.) To agree; to be in accordance; to accord., (v. i.) To stand as an equivalent; to make reparation, compensation, or amends, for an offense or a crime., (v. t.) To set at one; to reduce to concord; to reconcile, as parties at variance; to appease., atony (n.) Want of tone; weakness of the system, or of any organ, especially of such as are contractile. atria (pl. ) of Atrium atrip (adv.) Just hove clear of the ground; (adv.) Sheeted home, hoisted taut up and ready for trimming; (adv.) Hoisted up and ready to be swayed across; attal (n.) Same as Attle. attar (n.) A fragrant essential oil; esp., a volatile and highly fragrant essential oil obtained from the petals of roses. atter (n.) Poison; venom; corrupt matter from a sore. attic (a.) Of or pertaining to Attica, in Greece, or to Athens, its principal city; (a.) A low story above the main order or orders of a facade, in the classical styles; (a.) A room or rooms behind that part of the exterior; all the rooms immediately below the roof., (a.) An Athenian; an Athenian author. attle (n.) Rubbish or refuse consisting of broken rock containing little or no ore. attry (a.) Poisonous; malignant; malicious. aubin (n.) A broken gait of a horse, between an amble and a gallop; -- commonly called a Canterbury gallop. aucht (n.) Property; possession. audit (a.) An audience; a hearing., (a.) An examination in general; a judicial examination., (a.) The result of such an examination, or an account as adjusted by auditors; final account., (a.) A general receptacle or receiver., (v. t.) To examine and adjust, as an account or accounts; auger (n.) A carpenters tool for boring holes larger than those bored by a gimlet. (n.) An instrument for boring or perforating soils or rocks, for determining the quality of soils, or the nature of the rocks or strata upon which they lie, and for obtaining auget (n.) A priming tube connecting the charge chamber with the gallery, or place where the slow match is applied. aught (n.) Alt. of Aucht, (n.) Anything; any part., (adv.) At all; in any degree. augur (n.) An official diviner who foretold events by the singing, chattering, flight, and feeding of birds, (n.) One who foretells events by omens; a soothsayer; a diviner; a prophet., (v. i.) To conjecture from signs or omens; to prognosticate; to foreshow., (v. i.) To anticipate, to foretell, or to indicate a favorable or an unfavorable issue; aulic (a.) Pertaining to a royal court., (n.) The ceremony observed in conferring the degree of doctor of divinity in some aunty (n.) A familiar name for an aunt. In the southern United States a familiar term applied to aged negro women. aurae (pl. ) of Aura aural (a.) Of or pertaining to the air, or to an aura., (a.) Of or pertaining to the ear; as, aural medicine and surgery. auric (a.) Of or pertaining to gold., (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, gold; aurin (n.) A red coloring matter derived from phenol; -- called also, in commerce, yellow corallin. aurum (n.) Gold. avail (v. t.) To turn to the advantage of; to be of service to; to profit; to benefit; to help; as, artifices will not avail the sinner in the day of judgment., (v. t.) To promote; to assist., (v. i.) To be of use or advantage; to answer the purpose; to have strength, force, or efficacy sufficient to accomplish the object; (n.) Profit; advantage toward success; benefit; value; as, labor, without economy, is avale (v. t. & i.) To cause to descend; to lower; to let fall; to doff., (v. t. & i.) To bring low; to abase., avant (n.) The front of an army. [Obs.] See Van. avast (a.) Cease; stop; stay. avena (n.) A genus of grasses, including the common oat avens (n.) A plant of the genus Geum, esp. Geum urbanum, or herb bennet. avert (n.) To turn aside, or away; as, to avert the eyes from an object; to ward off, or prevent, the occurrence or effects of; avian (a.) Of or instrument to birds. avile (v. t.) To abase or debase; to vilify; to depreciate. avise (v. t.) To look at; to view; to think of., (v. t.) To advise; to counsel., (v. i.) To consider; to reflect. aviso (n.) Information; advice., (n.) An advice boat, or dispatch boat. avoid (a.) To emit or throw out; to void; as, to avoid excretions., (a.) To quit or evacuate; to withdraw from., (a.) To make void; to annul or vacate; to refute., (a.) To get rid of., (a.) To defeat or evade; to invalidate. (v. i.) To retire; to withdraw., avoke (v. t.) To call from or back again. await (v. t.) To watch for; to look out for., (v. t.) To wait on, serve, or attend., (n.) A waiting for; ambush; watch; watching; heed. awake (v. t.) To rouse from sleep; to wake; to awaken., (v. t.) To rouse from a state resembling sleep, as from death, stupidity., or inaction; to put into action; to give new life to; to stir up; (v. i.) To cease to sleep; to come out of a state of natural sleep; and, figuratively, out award (v. t.) To give by sentence or judicial determination; to assign or apportion, after careful regard to the nature of the case; to adjudge; (v. i.) To determine; to make an award., (v. t.) A judgment, sentence, or final decision. aware (a.) Watchful; vigilant or on ones guard against danger or difficulty., (a.) Apprised; informed; cognizant; conscious; as, he was aware of the enemys awarn (v. t.) To warn. awash (a.) Washed by the waves or tide; -- said of a rock or strip of shore, or awful (a.) Oppressing with fear or horror; appalling; terrible; as, an awful scene., (a.) Struck or filled with awe; terror-stricken., (a.) Worshipful; reverential; law-abiding., (a.) Frightful; exceedingly bad; great; awing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Awe, (adv.) On the wing; flying; fluttering. awkly (adv.) In an unlucky, (adv.) Awkwardly. awned (a.) Furnished with an awn, or long bristle-shaped tip; bearded. awoke (imp.) of Awake, of Awake awork (adv.) At work; in action. axial (a.) Of or pertaining to an axis; of the nature of, or resembling, an axis; around an axis., axile (a.) Situated in the axis of anything; as an embryo which lies in the axis of a seed. axiom (a.) A self-evident and necessary truth, or a proposition whose truth is so evident as first sight that no reasoning or demonstration can make it plainer; a proposition which it is necessary to take for granted; axled (a.) Having an axle; -- used in composition. axman (n.) One who wields an ax. axmen (pl. ) of Axman ayein (adv. & prep.) Alt. of Ayeins ayond (prep. & adv.) Beyond. ayont (prep. & adv.) Beyond. ayrie (n.) Alt. of Ayry azoic (a.) Destitute of any vestige of organic life, or at least of animal life; anterior to the existence of animal life; formed when there was no animal life on the globe; azote (n.) Same as Nitrogen. azoth (n.) The first principle of metals, i. e., mercury, which was formerly supposed to exist in all metals, and to be extractable from them., aztec (a.) Of or relating to one of the early races in Mexico (n.) One of the Aztec race or people. azure (a.) Sky-blue; resembling the clear blue color of the unclouded sky; cerulean; also, cloudless., azurn (a.) Azure. azyme (n.) Unleavened bread. archy A suffix properly meaning a rule, ruling, as in monarchy, the rule of one only. Cf. - arch. B- 2 lettered words ba (v. i.) To kiss. be (v. i.) To exist actually, or in the world of fact; to have existence., (v. i.) To take place; to happen; as, the meeting was on Thursday., (v. i.) To signify; to represent or symbolize; to answer to. be- A prefix, originally the same word as by;, To intensify the meaning; as, bespatter, bestir., To render an intransitive verb transitive; as, befall, To make the action of a verb particular or definite; bi- In most branches of science bi- in composition denotes two, twice, or doubly; as, bidentate, two-toothed; biternate, doubly ternate, etc., bo (interj.) An exclamation used to startle or frighten. by (pref.) In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from; close to; along with; as, come and sit by me., (pref.) Against., (pref.) With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with aid of; through; through the act or agency of; as, a city is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take by force., (adv.) Near; in the neighborhood; present; as, there was B- 3 lettered words baa (v. i.) To cry baa, or bleat as a sheep., (n.) The cry or bleating of a sheep; a bleat. bac (n.) A broad, flatbottomed ferryboat, usually worked by a rope., (n.) A vat or cistern. bad (imp.) Bade., (superl.) Wanting good qualities, whether physical or moral; injurious, hurtful, inconvenient, offensive, painful, unfavorable, bag (n.) A sack or pouch, used for holding anything; as, a bag of meal or of money., (n.) A sac, or dependent gland, in animal bodies, containing some fluid or other substance; as, the bag of poison in the mouth of some serpents; the bag of a cow., (n.) A sort of silken purse formerly tied about mens hair behind, by way of ornament., bah (interj.) An exclamation expressive of extreme contempt. bam (n.) An imposition; a cheat; a hoax., (v. t.) To cheat; to wheedle. ban (n.) A public proclamation or edict; a public order or notice, mandatory or prohibitory; a summons by public proclamation., (n.) A calling together of the kings, (n.) Notice of a proposed marriage, proclaimed in church. (n.) An interdiction, prohibition, or proscription., (n.) A curse or anathema., bar (n.) A piece of wood, metal, or other material, long in proportion to its breadth or thickness, used as a lever and for various other purposes, but especially for a hindrance, obstruction, or fastening; (n.) An indefinite quantity of some substance, (n.) Anything which obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier., bat (n.) A large stick; a club; specifically, a piece of wood with one end thicker or broader than the other, used in playing baseball, cricket, etc., (n.) A part of a brick with one whole end., (v. t.) To strike or hit with a bat or a pole; to cudgel; to beat., (v. i.) To use a bat, as in a game of baseball., bed (n.) An article of furniture to sleep or take rest in or on; a couch. (n.) A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground., (n.) A mass or heap of anything arranged like a bed; as, a bed of ashes or coals., (n.) The bottom of a watercourse, or of any body of water; bee p. p. of Be; (n.) An insect of the order Hymenoptera, and family Apidae, (n.) A neighborly gathering of people who engage in united labor for the benefit of an individual or family; beg (n.) A title of honor in Turkey and in some other parts of the East; a bey., (v. t.) To ask earnestly for; to entreat or supplicate for; to beseech., (v. t.) To ask for as a charity, esp. to ask for habitually or from house to house., (v. t.) To make petition to; to entreat; as, to beg a person to grant a favor., (v. t.) To take for granted; to assume without proof., (v. t.) To ask to be appointed guardian for, or to ask to have a guardian appointed for., bel (n.) The Babylonian name of the god known among the Hebrews as Baal. See Baal. ben Alt. of Ben nut, (adv. & prep.) Within; in; in or into the interior; toward the inner apartment., bet (n.) That which is laid, staked, or pledged, (v. t.) To stake or pledge upon the event of a contingent issue; to wager., (a. & adv.) An early form of Better. bey (n.) A governor of a province or district in the Turkish dominions; bib (n.) A small piece of cloth worn by children over the breast, to protect the clothes., (n.) An arctic fish, (n.) A bibcock., (v. t.) Alt. of Bibbe, (v. i.) To drink; to sip; to tipple. bid (v. t.) To make an offer of; to propose. (n.) An offer of a price, especially at auctions; a statement of a sum which one will give for something to be received, (v. t.) To pray., big (superl.) Having largeness of size; of much bulk or magnitude; of great size; large., (n.) Alt. of Bigg, (v. t.) Alt. of Bigg bin (n.) A box, frame, crib, or inclosed place, used as a receptacle for any commodity; (v. t.) To put into a bin; as, to bin wine., bin- A euphonic form of the prefix Bi-. bis (adv.) Twice; -- a word showing that something is, or is to be, repeated; as a passage of music, or an item in accounts. bis- (pref.) A form of Bi-, sometimes used before s, c, or a vowel. bit (v.) The part of a bridle, usually of iron, which is inserted in the mouth of a horse, and having appendages to which the reins are fastened., (v.) Fig.: Anything which curbs or restrains., (v. t.) To put a bridle upon; to put the bit in the mouth of., (v.) A part of anything, such as may be bitten off or taken into the mouth; boa (n.) A genus of large American serpents, including the boa constrictor, the emperor boa of Mexico, bob (n.) Anything that hangs so as to play loosely, or with a short abrupt motion, (n.) A knot of worms, or of rags, on a string, used in angling, (n.) A small piece of cork or light wood attached to a fishing line to show when a fish is biting; a float., bog (n.) A quagmire filled with decayed moss and other vegetable matter; wet spongy ground where a heavy body is apt to sink; a marsh; a morass., (n.) A little elevated spot or clump of earth, roots, and grass, in a marsh or swamp., (v. t.) To sink, as into a bog; to submerge in a bog; to cause to sink and stick, as in bom (n.) A large American serpent, so called from the sound it makes. bon (a.) Good; valid as security for something. bos (n.) A genus of ruminant quadrupeds, including the wild and domestic cattle, distinguished by a stout body, hollow horns, and a large fold of skin hanging from the neck. bot (n.) See Bots. bow (v. t.) To cause to deviate from straightness; to bend; to inflect; to make crooked or curved., (v. t.) To bend or incline, as the head or body, in token of respect, gratitude, assent, homage, or condescension., box (n.) A tree or shrub, flourishing in different parts of the world. The common box, (n.) A receptacle or case of any firm material and of various shapes., (n.) A space with a few seats partitioned off in a theater, or other place of public amusement., (n.) A chest or any receptacle for the deposit of money; as, a poor box; a contribution boy (n.) A male child, from birth to the age of puberty; a lad; hence, a son., (v. t.) To act as a boy; -- in allusion to the former practice of boys acting womens bub (n.) Strong malt liquor., (n.) A young brother; a little boy; -- a familiar term of address of a small boy., (v. t.) To throw out in bubbles; to bubble. bud (n.) A small protuberance on the stem or branches of a plant, containing the rudiments of future leaves, flowers, or stems; an undeveloped branch or flower., (n.) A small protuberance on certain low forms of animals and vegetables which develops into a new organism, either free or attached. bug (n.) A bugbear; anything which terrifies., (n.) A general name applied to various insects belonging to the Hemiptera; (n.) An insect of the genus Cimex, especially the bedbug, (n.) One of various species of Coleoptera; as, the ladybug; potato bug, etc.; loosely, any beetle., bum (n.) The buttock., (v. i.,) To make murmuring or humming sound., (n.) A humming noise. bun (n.) Alt. of Bunn bur (n.) Alt. of Burr bus (n.) An omnibus. but (adv. & conj.) Otherwise than that; that not; - (adv. & conj.) Only; solely; merely., (v. t.) The thickest and stoutest part of tanned oxhides, used for soles of boots, harness, trunks., (v. t.) The hut or shelter of the person who attends to the targets in rifle practice. buy (v. t.) To acquire the ownership of, (v. t.) To acquire or procure by something given or done in exchange, literally or figuratively; to get, at a cost or sacrifice; to buy pleasure with pain., (v. i.) To negotiate or treat about a purchase. buz (v. & n.) See Buzz. bye (n.) A thing not directly aimed at; something which is a secondary object of regard; an object by the way, etc.; (n.) A run made upon a missed ball; (n.) A dwelling., (n.) In certain games, a station or place of an individual player. B- 4 lettered words baal (n.) The supreme male divinity of the Phoenician and Canaanitish nations., (n.) The whole class of divinities to whom the name Baal was applied. baas (pl. ) of Baa baba (n.) A kind of plum cake. babe (n.) An infant; a young child of either sex; a baby., (n.) A doll for children. babu (n.) A Hindoo gentleman; a native clerk who writes English; baby (n.) An infant or young child of either sex; a babe., (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, an infant; young or little; (v. i.) To treat like a young child; to keep dependent; to humor; to fondle. bace (n., a., & v.) See Base. back (n.) A large shallow vat; a cistern, tub, or trough, used by brewers, distillers, dyers, picklers, gluemakers, and others, for mixing or cooling wort, holding water, hot glue, etc., (n.) A ferryboat. bade A form of the pat tense of Bid., (imp.) of Bid baff (n.) A blow; a stroke. baft (n.) Same as Bafta. bail (n.) A bucket or scoop used in bailing water out of a boat., (v. t.) To lade; to dip and throw; (v./t.) To deliver, as goods in trust, for some special object or purpose, upon a contract, expressed or implied, that the trust shall be faithfully executed on the part of the bailee, or person intrusted; bain (n.) A bath; a bagnio. bait (v. i.) Any substance, esp. food, used in catching fish, or other animals, by alluring them to a hook, snare, inclosure, or net., (v. i.) Anything which allures; a lure; enticement; temptation., bake (v. t.) To prepare, as food, by cooking in a dry heat, either in an oven or under coals, or on heated stone or metal; (v. t.) To dry or harden, (v. t.) To harden by cold., bald (a.) Destitute of the natural or common covering on the head or top, as of hair, feathers, foliage, trees, etc.; (a.) Destitute of ornament; unadorned; bare; literal., (a.) Undisguised., bale (n.) A bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation; (n.) Misery; calamity; misfortune; sorrow., (n.) Evil; an evil, pernicious influence; something causing great injury. balk (v. i.) A ridge of land left unplowed between furrows, or at the end of a field; a piece missed by the plow slipping aside., (v. i.) A great beam, rafter, or timber; esp., the tie-beam of a house. (v. i.) A hindrance or disappointment; a check., (v. i.) A sudden and obstinate stop; a failure., (v. i.) A deceptive gesture of the pitcher, ball (n.) Any round or roundish body or mass; a sphere or globe; as, a ball of twine; a ball of snow., (n.) A spherical body of any substance or size used to play with, as by throwing, knocking, kicking, etc., (n.) A general name for games in which a ball is thrown, kicked, or knocked. balm (n.) An aromatic plant of the genus Melissa., (n.) The resinous and aromatic exudation of certain trees or shrubs., (n.) Any fragrant ointment., (n.) Anything that heals or that mitigates pain., (v. i.) To anoint with balm, or with anything medicinal. Hence: To soothe; to mitigate. banc (n.) Alt. of Bank band (v. t.) A fillet, strap, or any narrow ligament with which a thing is encircled, or fastened, or by which a number of things are tied, bound together, or confined; a fetter., (v. t.) A continuous tablet, stripe, or series of ornaments, as of carved foliage, of color, or of brickwork, etc., (v. t.) In Gothic architecture, the molding, or suite of moldings, which encircles the pillars and small shafts., (v. t.) That which serves as the means of union or connection between persons; a tie., (v. t.) A linen collar or ruff worn in the 16th and 17th centuries., (v. t.) Two strips of linen hanging from the neck in front as part of a clerical, legal, or academic dress., (v. t.) A narrow strip of cloth or other material on any article of dress, to bind, strengthen, ornament, or complete it., (v. t.) A company of persons united in any common design, especially a body of armed men., (v. t.) A number of musicians who play together upon portable musical instruments, especially those making a loud sound, as certain wind instruments, (v. t.) A space between elevated lines or ribs, as of the fruits of umbelliferous plants., (v. t.) A stripe, streak, or other mark transverse to the axis of the body., (v. t.) A belt or strap., (v. t.) A bond, (v. t.) Pledge; security., (v. t.) To bind or tie with a band., (v. t.) To mark with a band., (v. t.) To unite in a troop, company, or confederacy., (v. i.) To confederate for some common purpose; to unite; to conspire together., (v. t.) To bandy; to drive away., imp. of Bind. bane (n.) That which destroys life, esp. poison of a deadly quality., (n.) Destruction; death., (n.) Any cause of ruin, or lasting injury; harm; woe., (n.) A disease in sheep, commonly termed the rot., bang (v. t.) To beat, as with a club or cudgel; to treat with violence; to handle roughly., (v. t.) To beat or thump, or to cause, (v. i.) To make a loud noise, as if with a blow or succession of blows; bank (n.) A bench; a high seat, or seat of distinction or judgment; a tribunal or court., (n.) A mound, pile, or ridge of earth, raised above the surrounding level; hence, anything shaped like a mound or ridge of earth; as, a bank of clouds; a bank of snow., (n.) A steep acclivity, as the slope of a hill, or the side of a ravine., (n.) The margin of a watercourse; the rising ground bordering a lake, river, or sea, or forming the edge of a cutting, or other hollow., (n.) An elevation, or rising ground, under the sea; a shoal, shelf, or shallow; as, the banks of Newfoundland., (n.) The face of the coal at which miners are working., (n.) A deposit of ore or coal, worked by excavations above water level., (n.) The ground at the top of a shaft; as, ores are brought to bank., (v. t.) To raise a mound or dike about; to inclose, defend, or fortify with a bank; to embank., (v. t.) To heap or pile up; as, to bank sand., (v. t.) To pass by the banks of., (n.) A bench, as for rowers in a galley; also, a tier of oars., (n.) The bench or seat upon which the judges sit., (n.) The regular term of a court of law, or the full court sitting to hear arguments upon questions of law, as distinguished from a sitting at Nisi Prius, or a court held for jury trials. See Banc., (n.) A sort of table used by printers., (n.) A bench, or row of keys belonging to a keyboard, as in an organ., (n.) An establishment for the custody, loan, exchange, or issue, of money, and for facilitating the transmission of funds by drafts or bills of exchange; an institution incorporated for performing one or more of such functions, or the stockholders, (n.) The building or office used for banking purposes., (n.) A fund from deposits or contributions, to be used in transacting business; a joint stock or capital., (n.) The sum of money or the checks which the dealer or banker has as a fund, from which to draw his stakes and pay his losses., (n.) In certain games, as dominos, a fund of pieces from which the players are allowed to draw., (v. t.) To deposit in a bank., (v. i.) To keep a bank; to carry on the business of a banker., (v. i.) To deposit money in a bank; to have an account with a banker. barb (n.) Beard, or that which resembles it, or grows in the place of it., (n.) A muffler, worn by nuns and mourners., (n.) Paps, or little projections, of the mucous membrane, which mark the opening of the submaxillary glands under the tongue in horses and cattle. (n.) A hair or bristle ending in a double hook., bard (n.) A professional poet and singer, (n.) Hence: A poet; as, the bard of Avon., (n.) Alt. of Barde, (n.) Specifically, Peruvian bark. bare (a.) Without clothes or covering; stripped of the usual covering; naked; (a.) With head uncovered; bareheaded., (a.) Plain; simple; unadorned; without polish; bald; meager., (a.) Destitute; indigent; empty; unfurnished or scantily furnished; bark (v. t.) To strip the bark from; to peel., (v. t.) To abrade or rub off any outer covering from; as to bark ones heel., (v. t.) To girdle. See Girdle, (v. t.) To cover or inclose with bark, or as with bark; barm (n.) Foam rising upon beer, or other malt liquors, when fermenting, and used as leaven in making bread and in brewing; yeast., (n.) The lap or bosom. barn (n.) A covered building used chiefly for storing grain, hay, and other productions of a farm. (v. t.) To lay up in a barn., base (a.) Of little, or less than the usual, height; of low growth; as, base shrubs., (a.) Low in place or position., (a.) Of humble birth; or low degree; lowly; mean., (a.) Illegitimate by birth; bastard., (a.) To reduce the value of; to debase. bash (v. t. & i.) To abash; to disconcert or be disconcerted or put out of countenance. basi- A combining form, especially in anatomical and botanical words, to indicate the base or position at or near a base; bask (v. t.) To lie in warmth; to be exposed to genial heat., (v. t.) To warm by continued exposure to heat; to warm with genial heat. bass (n.) An edible, spiny-finned fish, esp. of the genera Roccus, Labrax, and related genera. There are many species., (n.) The two American fresh-water species of black bass, bast (n.) The inner fibrous bark of various plants; (n.) A thick mat or hassock. bate (n.) Strife; contention., (v. t.) To leave out; to except., (v. t.) To remove., (v. i.) To remit or retrench a part; bath (n.) The act of exposing the body, or part of the body, for purposes of cleanliness, comfort, health, etc., (n.) Water or other liquid for bathing., batz (n.) A small copper coin, with a mixture of silver, formerly current in some parts of Germany and Switzerland. bauk (n. & v.) Alt. of Baulk bawd (n.) A person who keeps a house of prostitution, or procures women for a lewd purpose; a procurer or procuress; a lewd person; bawl (v. i.) To cry out with a loud, full sound; to cry with vehemence, as in calling or exultation; to shout; to vociferate., (v. i.) To cry loudly, (v. t.) To proclaim with a loud voice, or by outcry, bawn (n.) An inclosure with mud or stone walls, for keeping cattle; a fortified inclosure., (n.) A large house. baya (n.) The East Indian weaver bird bays (n.) Alt. of Bayze bead (n.) A prayer., (n.) A little perforated ball, to be strung on a thread, and worn for ornament; or used in a rosary for counting prayers, (n.) Any small globular body, (n.) A bubble in spirits., (n.) A drop of sweat or other liquid., beak (n.) The bill or nib of a bird, consisting of a horny sheath, covering the jaws. (n.) A similar bill in other animals, as the turtles., (n.) The long projecting sucking mouth of some insects, and other invertebrates, (n.) A magistrate or policeman. beal (v. i.) To gather matter; to swell and come to a head, as a pimple. beam (n.) Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use., (n.) One of the principal horizontal timbers of a building or ship., (n.) The principal stem or horn of a stag or other deer, which bears the antlers, or bean (n.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera Faba, Phaseolus, and Dolichos; also, to the herbs., bear (v. t.) To support or sustain; to hold up., (v. t.) To support and remove or carry; to convey., (v. t.) To conduct; to bring; (v. t.) To possess and use, as power; to exercise., beat (v. t.) To strike repeatedly; to lay repeated blows upon; (v. t.) To punish by blows; to thrash., beau (n.) A man who takes great care to dress in the latest fashion; a dandy., (n.) A man who escorts, or pays attentions to, a lady; an escort; a lover. beck (n.) See Beak., (v. i.) To nod, or make a sign with the head or hand., (v. t.) To notify or call by a nod, or a motion of the head or hand; to intimate a command to., bede (v. t.) To pray; also, to offer; to proffer., (n.) A kind of pickax. beef (n.) An animal of the genus Bos, especially the common species, B. taurus, (n.) The flesh of an ox, or cow, or of any adult bovine animal, when slaughtered for food., beem (n.) A trumpet. been (p. p.) of Be, The past participle of Be. beer (n.) A fermented liquor made from any malted grain, but commonly from barley malt, beet (n.) A biennial plant of the genus Beta, which produces an edible root the first year and seed the second year., bega (n.) See Bigha. behn (n.) The Centaurea behen, or saw-leaved centaury., (n.) The Cucubalus behen, or bladder campion, (n.) The Statice limonium, or sea lavender. belk (v. t.) To vomit. bell (n.) A hollow metallic vessel, usually shaped somewhat like a cup with a flaring mouth, containing a clapper or tongue, (n.) Anything in the form of a bell, as the cup or corol of a flower., (v. i.) To call or bellow, as the deer in rutting time; to make a bellowing sound; to belt (n.) That which engirdles a person or thing; a band or girdle; (n.) Anything that resembles a belt, or that encircles or crosses like a belt; a strip or stripe; bema (n.) A platform from which speakers addressed an assembly., (n.) That part of an early Christian church which was reserved for the higher clergy; (n.) Erroneously: A pulpit. bend (v. t.) To strain or move out of a straight line; to crook by straining; to make crooked; to curve; to make ready for use by drawing into a curve; as, to bend a bow; to bend the knee., (v. t.) To turn toward some certain point; to direct; to incline., (v. t.) To apply closely or with interest; to direct., (v. t.) To cause to yield; to render submissive; to subdue., (v. t.) To fasten, as one rope to another, or as a sail to its yard or stay; or as a cable to the ring of an anchor., (v. i.) To be moved or strained out of a straight line; to crook or be curving; to bow., (v. i.) To jut over; to overhang., (v. i.) To be inclined; to be directed., (v. i.) To bow in prayer, or in token of submission., (n.) A turn or deflection from a straight line or from the proper direction or normal position; a curve; a crook; as, a slight bend of the body; a bend in a road., (n.) Turn; purpose; inclination; ends., (n.) A knot by which one rope is fastened to another or to an anchor, spar, or post., (n.) The best quality of sole leather; a butt. See Butt., (n.) Hard, indurated clay; bind., (n.) same as caisson disease. Usually referred to as the bends., (n.) A band., (n.) One of the honorable ordinaries, containing a third or a fifth part of the field. It crosses the field diagonally from the dexter chief to the sinister base. bene (n.) See Benne., (n.) A prayer; boon., (n.) Alt. of Ben bent of Bend, imp. & p. p. of Bend., (a. & p. p.) Changed by pressure so as to be no longer straight; crooked; as, a bent pin; a bent lever., (a. & p. p.) Strongly inclined toward something, so as to be resolved, determined, set, etc.; bere (n.) Barley; the six-rowed barley or the four-rowed barley, commonly the former, (v. t.) To pierce., (n.) See Bear, barley. berg (n.) A large mass or hill, as of ice. berm (n.) Alt. of Berme best (a.) Having good qualities in the highest degree; most good, kind, desirable, suitable, etc.; most excellent; (a.) Most; largest; as, the best part of a week., bete (v. t.) To mend; to repair., (v. t.) To renew or enkindle, (v. t.) To better; to mend. bevy (n.) A company; an assembly or collection of persons, especially of ladies., (n.) A flock of birds, especially quails or larks; also, a herd of roes. bias (n.) A weight on the side of the ball used in the game of bowls, or a tendency imparted to the ball, which turns it from a straight line., (n.) A leaning of the mind; propensity or prepossession toward an object or view, not leaving the mind indifferent; bent; inclination., (n.) A wedge-shaped piece of cloth taken out of a garment, (n.) A slant; a diagonal; as, to cut cloth on the bias., (a.) Inclined to one side; swelled on one side., (a.) Cut slanting or diagonally, as cloth., (adv.) In a slanting manner; crosswise; obliquely; diagonally; as, to cut cloth bias., (v. t.) To incline to one side; to give a particular direction to; to influence; to prejudice; to prepossess. bibb (n.) A bibcock. bice (n.) Alt. of Bise bide (v. t.) To dwell; to inhabit; to abide; to stay., (v. t.) To encounter; to remain firm under, (v. t.) To wait for; as, I bide my time. bier (n.) A handbarrow or portable frame on which a corpse is placed or borne to the grave., biga (n.) A two-horse chariot.