April 2022 Issue 03 9 FREE COW PRODUCTION HISTORY CARD TEMPLATE 15 ONLINE AGRICULTURAL COURSES 4 Caring for our Environment 18 The Mycorrhizal Network and the complex root system 11 Industrial Revolution Growth Contents 5 3 Editors Note 4 Exhausting the Soil 5 Growing Veggies from Scrap 7 Food Security 15 8 Complex Root Systems 9 Free Cow Production Card 8 10 Caring for our Environment 11 Interesting Facts About Goats 11 12 Industrial Revolution Growth 13 Better Techniques 14 Halo Saves Lives 15 Online Agricultural Courses 18 Ad Space 19 Einstein’s Riddle 20 FeedTech Expo April 2022 21 Magazine Cover Art Contest 22 Join Our Annual Directory 20 4 “Together we can share knowledge, and feed our Nation” Issue 3 – April 2022 EDITORS NOTE Jerileigh du Preez Temo Thuo Farmers Directory Founder (+267) 754 84 559 email@example.com Dear Readers, It’s time to bring into being a new future, feeding the world, caring for the earth. My heart is very passionate about our planet, animals and mother earth. In this edition of the Temo Thuo Farmers Magazine, we will be shining a light on a Our well-being solely depends on this few factors which concern our planet which gives food and water to all environment that should be taken into living things, so it is our responsibility to consideration, interesting facts, and take care of it. offerings on online agricultural courses. I believe that a clean environment is There is also a tricky riddle for great essential for healthy living, and minds to try and solve. enhancing our relationship with nature. I certainly hope this issue highlights It is our duty to protect our earth, some agricultural news. because caring for our earth means maintaining the existence of living beings We are in search of creative solutions as and our future generations. well as inspiration for readers to set goals, and become the new era of I trust that every reader shall thoroughly entrepreneurs. enjoy our second issue of this magazine under the Temo Thuo Farmers Directory. Jerileigh du Preez 3 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 WHY DO WE NEED TO SAVE THE SOIL #1 If we want to preserve the soil, it means we have to start utilizing organic content. #2 Crop rotation with different botanic families’ integration. #3 To distance in proper manner those crops which are more vulnerable to pest bruises. #4 To insert cereals between straw and/or corn in the crop rotation process (crops which produce a large quantity of residues). #5 To abandon the use of stubble burning SOIL IS DYING technique (forbidden) leaving on the field the cultural residues produced by cereals instead. Soil exhaustion occurs when poorly #6 To seed other manure crops or cover-crops. managed soils are no longer able to support crops or other plant life. If there are no leaves or animal waste, it’s nearly impossible to put back anything. This is simple wisdom Soil exhaustion has consequences that every farming family knew. They knew how many beyond limited food production; it animals and trees you must have on a certain amount also increases risk of soil erosion. of land. Our soil is in great danger at present, A diverse biological community in soils is essential to and in the past forty years, about 40% maintaining a healthy environment for plant roots. of the world’s topsoil has been lost. There may be over 100,000 different types of organisms living in soils. Why Save Soil? Save Soil is a global movement Our soil just needs a little support. If you give it that launched by Sadhguru, addressing the little support, it will bounce back quickly. But as a soil crisis by bringing together people generation of people, will we just sit around and watch from around the world to stand up for it die? Soil Health, and supporting leaders of all nations to institute national You cannot keep soil rich with fertilizer and a tractor. policies and actions toward increasing You need animals on the land. Right from ancient the organic content in cultivable Soil. times, when we grew crops, we only took the crop and Is it time for change? the rest of the plant and animal waste always went back into the soil. We sadly seem to have lost that “Thriving, living soil is vital to life.” wisdom. 4 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Join this movement - www.consciousplanet.org/ Issue 3 – April 2022 LET’S TALK ABOUT VEGGIES 10 VEGETABLES YOU CAN REGROW FROM SCRAP For those of us who live in 1. Celery wide range of uses. Simply an apartment or have a Cut off the celery, and leave the top of the carrots– small yard, we’re often leave about 3cm to 6cm with a bit of the carrot thinking it’s impossible to from the base. Place the attached, put it in a small plate grow our own vegetables base in a bowl of water of water, and place them without a greenhouse. and leave it where it can where they can receive get enough sunlight. As adequate sunlight. new leaves begin to sprout from the middle, allow for 4. Onions it to gain thickness for a You can regrow spring onions week before transferring it from an onion bulb. Be sure into a pot of soil. the root part has about 1cm to 2cm of grown attached. Place But did you know that there 2. Spring Onions it directly in soil and cover it are plenty of vegetables out Green onions are by far with a layer of soil. Water it there that you can regrow the easiest and most regularly to keep the soil from scrap even without a popular vegetable to moist. Just keep cutting the garden? It’s free, fun, regrow. green sprouts off when they’ve sustainable, and delicious. regrown. You’ll never have to All you need to do, is cut buy spring onions ever again! So, before you throw out them about 3cm from the your food scraps, check to roots and leave them in a see if it’s something that glass of water. 5. Leeks you can regrow in your Leeks can regrow the exact home. 3. Carrots same way as green onions, We’re not exactly re- however they might take a Make it a fun experiment growing the carrot itself, little bit longer based on their with your family as re- but rather the carrot sheer size. Leave about 6cm of growing veggies from scrap greens on the top, which leeks from the bottom, and can be super simple! surprisingly comes with a place them in a bowl of water. 5 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 6. Romaine Lettuce, Bok in at the rim of a glass, Re-growing a pineapple in your Choy and Cabbage only half-emerging it in water. own home. Romaine lettuce is just as When the roots reach about easy to regrow as celery! 8cm to 10cm, plant it in soil. How exciting would that be? Leave the stump of the And not to mention it’s also lettuce in a bowl and fill the 9. Potatoes much easier than you think. water about halfway. Once Cut a potato in half. And It just takes a bit of patience, as the leaves have regrown for where you see the dented pineapple can take up to two a few days, transfer the “eyes” on the skin, plant the full years to bear their first fruit. stumps into soil. potatoes in soil with the “eyes” facing up. The trick is to grab a hold of the 7. Basil and Mint pineapple crown by the leaves Plenty of herbs can easily actually really easy to and twist and pull it off so that be regrown. Make sure grow, but you will need the stalk is still attached. there’s about 6cm to 9cm some serious real estate and of stem. Place the stems it’s probably not suitable for Remove some of the lower upright in a glass of water. an apartment. leaves to expose the stalk. Be sure there is no fruit flesh as When the new roots begin Stick some toothpicks around that might rot the stalk. to sprout, transfer your a sweet potato to prop it up herbs into a pot of soil and in at the rim of a glass. (only Place the pineapple crown in a allow them to flourish. half-emerging it in water). glass of water and allow new When the roots reach about roots to sprout. This usually 8. Sweet Potatoes 8cm to 10cm inches, plant it takes about three weeks. Sweet potatoes are really in soil. easy to grow, but you will Transfer to a pot with fast- need some yard space. 10. Pineapple draining soil. The plant should Stick toothpicks around a Okay, this is not a vegetable, begin to resist gentle tugs at sweet potato to prop it up but imagine about two months. “Re-growing vegetables that you’ve half-consumed can be really fun and save you money.” Have you tried re-growing your own vegetable scraps? Share with us your experiences! 6 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 THE IMPORTANCE OF Zero hunger FOOD SECURITY Apart from basic nutrition, food security is linked to economic stability, long-term health, and empowerment for providing opportunities for income generation. Food impacts all parts of our daily life. It’s not only about feeling full and satisfied, it is also about feeling connected to our community and having belonging. Food security is having consistent, and reliable access to safe, nutritious food Across cultures, food is a way to bring togetherness to and it is is determined by four the table and celebrate our shared humanity. components; On Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, food, water, shelter and rest are foundations for a healthy human. #1 Availability: “Does food exist near Without these fundamental pieces in place, it’s difficult me?” to advance to thinking about safety, the community, #2 Access: “Can I get to food easily?” our future or our potential. Food security is at the #3 Utilization: “Will this food baseline of human need. Without it, we cannot thrive, contribute to my health and well- let alone survive. being?” #4 Stability: “Will food be available At present, over 821 million people in the world are tomorrow, next week, next month?” hungry, and it’s estimated that an additional 2 billion people will be undernourished by 2050. When any one of these components are stressed or unmet, it’s considered The issue of food security has been critical in many food insecurity. parts of the world. In many countries people are facing food crisis and its bad impact falls on their economy. Countries which takes the lead with Ensuring the food security has become a global Global ranking scores in food security challenge with many dimensions. are Ireland in first place, Austria in second and the United Kingdom in The World Food Summit of 1996 defined food security third place. as existing “When all people at all times have access to sufficient, safe, nutritious food to maintain a healthy “Let’s work towards addressing our and active life”. root cause” Right now, our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and biodiversity around the world is experiencing rapid damage. Climate change is putting even more pressure on the ecosystems and resources we depend on, increasing the risk of natural disasters like droughts, floods and even infestations. 7 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Join this movement - www.consciousplanet.org/ Issue 3 – April 2022 THE COMPLEX SYSTEM OF ROOTS Many kinds of fungus have the most of their bulk underground. In the soil, fungus grows in threads called hyphae. All together, these threads form a complex network called a mycelium. These threads can also live among (colonize) the roots of plants and trees. They use the fungal network for transporting their nutrients and trees share resources with other trees, too! Tree seedlings can’t grow as fast in the shade of parent trees because they can’t get adequate light for energy. Bigger trees can assist them by sharing nutrients via their fungal threads. Did you know that trees are connected by a complex network Disease and insect infestations can spread rapidly hidden underground? which can be lethal for trees! Studies have found that trees can send help to their neighbours through the Scientists believe that almost all fungal network. For example, when a tree is being plant species worldwide are in attacked, it releases certain chemicals that travel relationships with fungi living in through their fungal network which warns other the soil. These fungi can connect trees of the danger. By having an early warning, other the roots of different types of trees are able to protect themselves better. trees (and other plants) to create The warning messages could induce these trees what is called a mycorrhizal to change its biochemistry by increasing the levels of network. toxins and repellents in its tissues to deter pests. It could also change its biochemistry by producing A mycorrhizal network can airborne compounds that attract the natural enemies influence the growth, health, of a particular pest. survival, and behaviour of the Studies have also found that certain stressed and trees linked within it. Trees use dying trees can even pass on their resources, such as their network to communicate and nitrogen and phosphorus, to their neighbours before share resources where there's a they die. This gives the healthy trees that receive the deficiency. That’s why some extra resources a boost in combating the outbreak or scientists call it the internet of disease. trees, or the “wood wide web.” Trees are "social creatures" that communicate with So, how exactly does the fungal each other in cooperative ways that hold lessons for network work? humans, too. 8 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 Get your FREE printable cow production history card! Available to download from our website or our Facebook page 9 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 IS DILUTION THE SOLUTION? What is the importance of recycling? The reason why recycling is so important is that it prevents pollution, reduces the need to harvest new raw materials, saves energy, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, saves money, reduces the amount of waste that ends up in landfills, and allows products to be used to their fullest extent. Burning waste is usually an environmentally poor waste management option because potential resources are lost and it can cause air, land and water pollution. On another subject, raw sewer is being dumped into our rivers on a daily basis, and the public often spots sewer trucks in Oodi, yet, no one is reacting to this very critical matter? IT’S TIME TO THINK The bigger problem is that raw sewage causes ABOUT OUR eutrophication, which is an increase in the concentration of chemical elements required for life. Think of natural ENVIRONMENT systems on steroids. The nitrates, phosphates and other How to ruin a beautiful sunset organic matter found in human waste serves as a food for by driving past the Gaborone bacteria and algae which switches into overdrive, growing Dumping Site in Boka spotting to the point where most of the dissolved oxygen that is the dark clouds of smoke naturally found in water is used up. That makes it tough for traveling for kilometres into the other organisms in the water ecosystem to live because city, which is a very alarming they are basically being strangled. subject to the health of our people, plants and the Fish kills and algae blooms are all part of this problem. In environment in our Nation. addition, the pathogens in raw sewage can contaminate ecological systems and also sicken humans and animals. Waste burning is a significant Raw sewage typically contains viruses and bacteria as well source of dangerous as health-harming microorganisms. Plus, there are other carcinogens like dioxins and chemicals in raw sewage that are simply toxic to fish, furans, and black carbon, a shellfish, animals and other creatures in the water short-lived climate pollutant environment. that contributes to climate change, increased melting in So, the contamination of sewage flowing into a body of polar regions due to the water causes a detrimental chain reaction. What begins as deposition of soot and black an overdose of chemical elements, can ultimately ruin the carbon which brings forth ecosystem in place and is harmful to the environment. numerous human health issues, and the negative effects in our We need gutsy youth to guide the rules for the environment. management and conservation of forest resources in Botswana and for the trade in forest produce including protected fauna and flora. – Let’s rise above, young leaders of our future! 10 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT GOATS Goats have rectangular their muscles return back to You have goat to be pupils. This unusual shape, normal within a few minutes Kidding me… shared both by sheep and or seconds—but the several other ungulates, pronounced behaviour has Did you know, that goats gives them a fuller range of made them Internet were one of the first vision compared to humans favourites. animals to be and other animals with domesticated by humans round pupils. Goats have accents and were being herded Goats can see 320 to 340 Just as human voices and about 9,000 years ago. degrees in their periphery, accents will vary, a particular everything except for what’s goat’s bleat will sound Goats have four stomachs. right behind them—which is different from that of a goat The four-chambered useful in avoiding predators. in a different country. stomach assists them in digesting tough roughage Fainting Goats like grass and hay. Food One of the more enters the rumen first and extraordinary species of then passes to the goats is the myotonic goat, honeycombed reticulum or better known as the where non-digestible fainting goat. Because of a objects are separated out. genetic quirk, when they get In the omasum chamber, too excited or startled, their water is removed from the muscles freeze up, causing food before it finally enters them to tumble over. They’re “Do whatever the “true” stomach, the not really fainting, they abomasums. remain totally conscious and floats your goat” 11 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 LET’S TALK ABOUT VEGGIES Did you know that steam is 1IR – first industrial revolution (IoT), Industry 5.0 embodies most needed energy source for – Transport development with these systems and incorporates the manufacturing industries steam locomotives in use and greater human intelligence. and 85% of your house hold expanded to use steam for the items must undergo a process industry and Britain had a Conclusion: where steam is required – let us Textile growth due to this Steam is one of the most look at a few items - you wake energy available. neglected energy sources globally up in the morning and jump into and if you want to compete in the the shower, soap, 2IR – second industrial current global market, you must shampoo/conditioner, towel, revolution – America came next look at energy efficient usage of toothpaste etc. Now you get with Henry Ford introducing the this wonderful source. dressed with the clothes from Model-T Ford, opened doors for the textile industry which cannot the manufacturing of paint, Are you thinking about a produce without steam. steel, rubber, electricity, manufacturing industry or has petrochemical and chemical, one currently, be sure a poor Breakfast is next and all the etc. maintained steam system will cereal’s, jam, cheese and , meat increase your operating costs and – no steam no food 3IR – third industrial revolution decrease your production output. You grab the car keys from the – the launch of the computers Initiate a steam management table and realised the furniture and plc, electronic industry was system is critical, same as a fleet and the timber industry needs booming. management system, take steam. control. IR4.0 – fourth industrial Get to your car and the same revolution – the term IoT A steam system throughout the realisation the steam was ‘Internet of Things’ is all about factory should run in harmony to needed for the paint, interior having data and control of your be efficient and reduce costs. and rubber for the tyres. But office/home form your phone. most important is the fuel. Artificial Intelligence AI, SMART For any enquiries, solutions, factories, all directly connected workshops, plant audit, training, What about Electricity – no to the Cloud. etc please feel free to contact us steam no electricity from power and we will help and guide you stations. It does not end here Industry 5.0 - fifth industrial to turn your losses into profits because there is actually no end. revolution. The pandemic has From food to beverages, sweets, accelerated the rise of robotics, bakery and dry cleaners, can digitalisation and the onset of firstname.lastname@example.org almost say almost everything Industry 5.0 Like Industry 4.0, (+267) 71 614 007 During the 1700-1800 that the which focusses on the use of First Industrial revolution was Artificial Intelligence (AI), Big Jerry du Preez born. Data and the Internet of Things Steam & Energy Systems 12 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 THERE ARE ALWAYS BETTER TECHNIQUES Our farm animals should be treated with the greatest care, and respect, which should be a priority. After all, humans and animals both deserve a painless journey through life. FREEZE BRANDING TEETH CLIPPING fewer poor-doing piglets and fewer cases of joint infections The hot-iron branding Piglets are born with eight that can result from teeth induced scar results fully-erupted teeth, clipping. in permanent alopecia, while commonly referred to as freeze branding causes the needle teeth. producers who have not yet death of pigment-producing tried to stop clipping should clip cells in the hair follicles. This There are several negative only half of the litters in a few results in an area of aspects to teeth clipping farrowing groups and observe depigmented hair upon which has led Certified for possible problems. regrowth. Animal Welfare Approved by AGW to prohibit the Providing enrichment and Freeze branding has gained practice: adequate space in the more popularity as a less • Clipping teeth is painful for farrowing environment has a painful way to permanently the piglets. beneficial effect on sow health mark and identify your • The procedure can expose and welfare, and consequently livestock. the tooth pulp cavity to on milk production. infection. The introduction of enriching There has been debate • Clipped teeth may fracture substrates for piglets may also whether freeze branding truly and bleed. divert the piglets’ attentions is less painful than hot • Abscesses may form away from the sow, making the branding, but studies • Gum damage may occur. need for clipping less conducted to compare the important. Researchers found pain of the two methods Many producers have that four-week old piglets kept have concluded that freeze already abandoned teeth in enriched pens manipulated branding is indeed less clipping. Besides saving sows’ udders less often than painful. labour, they report having piglets kept in barren pens. “Let’s bestow less painful and traumatic practices in our industry” 13 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 14 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 From sustainable practices that focus on pest management strategies with minimal use of harmful chemicals, to self- drive tractors and drones that check your plant and soil health; agriculture of today is a fascinating place to be. Whether you’re farming on a massive scale or starting out on your own, agriculture is a career that can offer rewards to almost anyone willing to learn. And what better way to do so than through an award-winning platform such as the one offered by AGRICOLLEGES international. One of the techniques used to drive efficiency is precision agriculture, which uses technology to gather data that enables farmers to make precise, well-timed decisions on issues such as soil management, crop rotation and water usage. By improving efficiencies, this approach can help to THE ROLE OF REGENERATIVE protect and maintain natural resources over time. FARMING IN MODERN-DAY AGRICULTURE: A PLACE FOR As global populations continue to grow in spite of wars and pandemics, the need for more efficient and effective EVERYONE farming, better use of limited resources and higher quality War, pandemics, world hunger and food, grows too. The evolution from conventional to unemployment. The world has developed precision or regenerative farming is largely concerned with and changed significantly in the last moving away from a focus on single crops, yield and profits, century, but food security remains an to one that also considers the environment, sustainable enormous challenge, even in good times. practices such as smart water usage, crop or animal Add in COVID and the war that is raging diversification and integrated pest management techniques. in Ukraine, and it’s a global recipe for tough times. The agriculture industry has Understand the soil and prosper; an enormous role to play in making a Regenerative agriculture is farming for the future. By difference to how countries, economies incorporating regenerative farming practices, many farmers and communities come out the other improve their yields, carbon footprint, and side. bottom line by using fewer chemical inputs and growing healthier plants. The modern agricultural approach has A revolution in farming primarily been chemically orientated, incorporating practices that degrade the soil. The use of herbicides and Like most industries in the world, pesticides in an output-focused system may have resulted in agriculture has undergone an almost increased yields and production, but this has often taken magical metamorphosis in its place at the expense of the wider environment and soil transformation from traditional hands-on health. farming to modern, high-tech, efficient and effective practices that require a vast Do what it takes to improve soil fertility; array of skills and knowledge. Crop rotation Different crops have different nutritional needs and varying It’s no longer an industry reliant almost vulnerabilities to diseases and pests. For this reason, entirely on people who work outdoors. rotating the type of crop grown in a specific location can They still make up an important part of reduce the depletion of nutrients in the soil, thus the agri-workforce; but working in regenerating the soil to a more optimal state. This also today’s world of agriculture also includes reduces the need for pesticides and fertilisers. important roles for technicians and scientists, IT experts; human resources The regenerative soil practice of crop rotation means and marketing teams; and packaging and alternating crops with different characteristics. For example, distribution managers. one season a farmer might plant crops that have a lot of nitrogen; another season they might plant crops that use 15 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 a lot of nitrogen. Other rotations could focus on sod- Online learning through AGRICOLLEGES means that based and row crops; crops that attract certain you can study a one-year NQF4 course in subjects insects; or crops that suppress weeds. such as General Agriculture, Plant or Animal Production. With slow economic growth and high Avoiding bare soils at all times; youth unemployment here to stay – for a while at Bare soils are exposed to the elements and lose least - taking control of your skills and your future is integrity and organic life. One of the ways of keeping essential. soils covered is to grow cover crops in between harvests. Cover crops support soil life, help retain To find out more about AGRICOLLEGES nutrients and increase organic matter in the soil. international’s agri-education offering and sign up Another option is to apply compost (green manure) for a course, visit to the soil. This suppresses weeds and feeds soil https://agricolleges.com/agriculture-courses/ microbes in the absence of living roots in the ground. In a modern world, digital technology opens the vast untapped potential for farmers, investors, and Composting; entrepreneurs to improve the efficiency of food Composting is a process that transforms biomass production and consumption in Africa. From into food for the soil, improving plant growth, health precision farming to an efficient food supply chain, and vigour. Any plant material can be composted. technology could bring major economic, social, and Decaying plant material is consumed by worms, environmental benefits, BUT it can also be seen as a bugs and beneficial microbes, which exude biomass risk that can lead to mass unemployment. as a byproduct. When worked into the soil, composted material adds nutrients and reduces Experts in the past stated that emerging compaction, which allows water to penetrate technologies in agriculture would drive youth deeper into the ground. inclusion in the agricultural sector, offering many career opportunities. Albeit this, South Africa has No-till farming; yet to see the full conversion to modernised Minimising or eliminating tillage helps to create a agriculture and increased youth employment. healthier soil life and ensures that carbon Modern technology may be beneficial to youth sequestered in the soil is not released into the stepping into a working environment, but this may atmosphere. Tilling destroys the complex fungal and negatively affect elderly people that are not up-to- microbial networks that make up the earth’s date with modern production trends. Luckily the microbiome. It also releases valuable moisture into ages of our students range from 16 – 60 and cater the air while unleashing billions of tons of carbon for all as we make use of an interactive and blended into the atmosphere. learning environment. Intercropping or polycultures; The ACI Way; Monocropping has become commonplace in large- AGRICOLLEGES International is in a unique position scale agricultural operations around the world. This to provide a modernised course offering to all its is the practice of growing the same crop on the students. We understand the adaptability and same land, year upon year. This depletes soil flexibility that are required in the modern-day nutrient levels, makes the soil less productive over workplace. time, reduces organic matter in the soil, and can A robust agricultural sector is necessary for cause significant erosion. sustained economic growth and high-paying jobs in Africa, and it is up to institutions like ourselves to Intercropping or polycultures, on the other hand, address the underlying issues in our agricultural combine crops that grow in harmony with each sector. other, building natural resilience and regenerating the soil through diversification. For more information on AGRICOLLEGES International’s approach to education, farming and In order to better understand how to implement online study, be sure to follow our journey on social modern agri-practises, the best starting point is to media or visit our website at gain a better understanding of the industry. https://agricolleges.com/ 16 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE By: Agricolleges International Issue 3 – April 2022 Temo Thuo farmers Directory is in collaboration with Agricolleges AVAILABLE COURSES international which is a modern, cloud- INTRODUCTORY COURSES; based online learning institution. ⇝ Introduction to Agribusiness. ⇝ Introduction to Animal production. We provide students with affordable, ⇝ Introduction to Plant Production. accessible and industry-relevant education and training in the fields of FUNDAMENTALS COURSES; agriculture and related agri-industries. ⇝ Fundamentals of Agribusiness. ⇝ Fundamentals of Avocado production. ACI’s unique offering provides access to ⇝ Fundamentals of Good Agricultural Practices. information in an online, blended and ⇝ Fundamentals of Macadamia Production. shared learning environment, available ⇝ Fundamentals of Maize production. from anywhere at any time. ACI offers various short courses in Agribusiness, CITRUS COURSES; Plant and Animal Production, as well ⇝ Citrus Harvesting. accredited one-year NQF Level 4 ⇝ Citrus Packaging. National Certificate courses. ⇝ Citrus Planting Management. ⇝ Citrus Propagation, Plant Structures & Functions. ⇝ Citrus Pruning. ⇝ Integrated Pest management for Citrus. NATIONAL CERTIFICATES; Contact us today for more information ⇝ National Certificate in general Agriculture. email@example.com ⇝ National Certificate in Plant Production. (+267) 76 25 22 44 ⇝ National Certificate in Animal Production. 17 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 18 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 BRAIN - TWISTER EINSTEIN'S RIDDLE The situation 1. There are 5 houses in five different colors. 2. In each house lives a person with a different nationality. 3. These five owners drink a certain type of beverage, smoke a certain brand of cigar and keep a certain pet. 4. No owners have the same pet, smoke the same brand of cigar or drink the same beverage. The question is: Who owns the fish? Hints The Brit lives in the red house. The Swede keeps dogs as pets. The Dane drinks tea. The green house is on the left of the white house. The green house's owner drinks coffee. The person who smokes Pall Mall rears birds. The owner of the yellow house smokes Dunhill. The man living in the center house drinks milk. The Norwegian lives in the first house. The man who smokes blends lives next to the one who keeps cats. The man who keeps horses lives next to the man who smokes Dunhill. The owner who smokes BlueMaster drinks beer The German smokes Prince The Norwegian lives next to the blue house The man who smokes blend has a neighbor who drinks water Einstein wrote this riddle. He said that 98% of the world could not solve it. SOLUTION Want to know how this riddle was solved? Check out the steps on our Facebook page! A: It's the German. DO YOU HAVE ANY TRICKY FARMING RIDDLES, ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING FARMING FOR OUR NEXT Q&A PAGE, OR ARE YOU A CREATOR OF COMIC STRIPS AND WOULD LIKE TO BE FEATURED IN OUR MAGAZINE? Give us a call, send us an email, or a WhatsApp for more info. 19 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 ABOUT THIS EVENT: Topics covered during the workshop: Botswana’s first ever Feedtech Expo which - Animal Nutrition & Feeding Strategies was held under the theme “Effect of - Importance of nutrition Nutrition & Winter Feed Management on - Sustainable livestock feeding and management livestock performance and Productivity ” at - Feed processing on the farm the National Agriculture Showrounds on the - Vaccinations and how to treat common diseases 23rd of April 2022, and brought together farmers, animal nutritionists, veterinarians, feed manufacturers, feed formulators, latest feed technology, feed raw material producers and technical sales consultants from Botswana and abroad under on roof. This FREE-ENTRY event, was therefore not just another Expo, but a 1-day networking opportunity consisting of exhibitions, live- demonstration and workshops for farmers to learn about the importance of feeding, animal nutrition, as well as feed formulation/mixing and production at home. 20 18 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 21 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 3 – April 2022 GET FEATURED IN OUR NEXT ISSUE By joining our Annual Directory Listing Limited time offer TEMO THUO FARMERS DIRECTORY Our annual directory listing includes your company name, logo, contact details, Nutrition isonline This platform is an Keycommunity for location, and a button that directs agriculture in Botswana. interested clients to your preferred page. We are proud to announce a Digital Become an accredited member of our Agricultural Directory that has been solely Annual Directory Listing with discounts created to serve as a steady platform for our and benefits, or join our one month FREE farming network to connect and be used TRIAL! effortlessly. Last but certainly not least, other available Many categories are available with features for categories for the public include farming everyone! properties, job opportunities, repairs and installations, and education and training. Ka Dira Temo Thuo Motlhofo. (+267) 76 25 22 44 firstname.lastname@example.org www.farmersdirectory.co.bw 22 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Join our WhatsApp group to receive the latest Farmers Magazine!