November 2022 Issue 09 19 4 FREE ADVERTISING SPACE UNLOCKING THE SECRETS IN OUR 10TH EDITION – DECEMBER 2022 IN THE SOIL 7 The digestion system of ruminants 11 Goat breeds and information 20 Livestock management systems Contents 4 3 Editors note 4 Unlock The Secrets Of Soil 5 Fighting Against Desertification 6 Irvine’s Botswana 5 7 Ruminant Digestion 8 Gaborone Agricultural Show 2022 6 9 The Magic Of Milking Cream 10 Bonsmara Cattle Breed 11 Goat Breeds 13 Digitalize Your Business 14 Alpha Bonsmara Cattle Auction 16 Online Agricultural Courses 7 17 Sun Tunnel – Solar Light Tube 18 Brain Teasers 8 19 FREE Advertising Space - limited 20 Livestock Management Systems 11 “Together we can share knowledge, and feed our Nation” Issue 9 – November 2022 EDITORS NOTE Jerileigh du Preez Temo Thuo Farmers Directory Founder (+267) 754 84 559 email@example.com Dear Readers, It’s time to bring into being a new future, feeding the world, caring for the earth. My heart is very passionate about our planet, animals and mother earth. In this edition of the Temo Thuo Farmers Magazine, we will be shining a light on Our well-being solely depends on this unlocking the secrets to our soil, and the planet which gives food and water to all digestive process of ruminants. living things, so it is our responsibility to take care of it. We will also be giving away 10 FREE advertising spaces that shall be featured I believe that a clean environment is in our 10th edition - December 2022. essential for healthy living, and enhancing our relationship with nature. There are also a few tricky riddles for great minds to try and solve. It is our duty to protect our earth, because caring for our earth means I certainly hope this issue highlights maintaining the existence of living beings some agricultural news. and our future generations. We are in search of creative solutions as I trust that every reader shall thoroughly well as inspiration for readers to set goals enjoy our 9th issue of this magazine under and become the new era of the Temo Thuo Farmers Directory. entrepreneurs. Jerileigh du Preez 3 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 4 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 THE MAN WHO STOPPED THE Yacouba Sawadogo, the DESERT to see my work, he asked me This is caused by over grazing, farmer from Burkina Faso what technique I was using deforestation, wrong farming who stopped the advance of and I told him it was zai. practices, excessive use of desertification by reviving That’s why I’m also known as pesticides and fertilizers, over the forest using the ancient Yacoub Zai”. drafting of ground water, African practice of zai. stripping the land of natural After the take-off on such resources, water and soil This was in response to a long ground-breaking work in the pollution. drought, together with over- semi-arid African desert, farming, over-grazing Sawadogo was featured in a What are the aspects that we and over-population. 2010 documentary, could implement to help with called The Man Who desertification? We could have When he started Initially, Stopped the Desert. a look at correct farming farmers in his community practices in policies, education ridiculed him and thought he What Are The Effects and on sustainable practices, was going crazy, but little did Solutions to Combat restricting over mining, putting they know that planting trees Desertification? together land rehabilitation with his family have now efforts and reforestation plans grown into a vast forest. According to UNESCO, one- concentrating on areas mostly third of the world’s land effected. “Thomas Sankara (who was surface is threatened by There are plenty of sustainable President of Burkina Faso desertification, it also has practices that can be applied. between 1983 and 1987, side effects across the world This is a big problem that editor’s note) launched an and effects the livelihood of needs to be addressed appeal to develop initiatives millions of people who accordingly, and if we take the to stop the advancement of depend on the benefits of time to do it now, we can the desert – Sawadogo ecosystems that drylands prevent other problems from recounts – and when he came provide. happening with it in the future. 5 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 Cows regularly regurgitate a food bolus for re- The Reticulum allows the animal to regurgitate chewing. This is called rumination. The chewing and reprocess particulate matter ("chew its cud"). and rumination processes increase the surface More finely-divided food is then passed to area, making the feed particles more accessible the Omasum, for further mechanical processing. to the microbes in the rumen for digestion. Food The mass is finally passed to the true stomach, particles are digested in the rumen by a process the Abomassum, where the digestive of fermentation. enzyme lysozyme breaks down the bacteria so as to release nutrients. Use of plant material is thus These cud-chewing mammals have four indirect, with primary processing by the bacterial chambers of stomachs used for their digestion. flora maintained in the stomach. Illustrated above; 7 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 GABORONE NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL SHOW 2022 GABORONE A big congratulations to all of the winners of the Gaborone National Agricultural Show 2022. NATIONAL Despite the pandemic, local Stud Breeders have been dedicated during this quiet time, and this showed true AGRICULTURAL commitment in the Agricultural sector, and it definitely paid off. SHOW 2022 Stud breeding has been an industry that has shown great success globally, and Agricultural Shows definitely adds Finally, after 2 years since the value to in the era of modern breeding, to market Gaborone National Agricultural Show animals, and many breeders will tell you, they enjoy has been on pause since the COVID- farming with animals that offer visual appeal. Through 19 pandemic, and shortly afterward in visual inspection, a show judge can determine whether 2022, Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) an animal is coarse or fine-boned, large, rangy or podgy, broke out in the North East District, whether it has good breadth and capacity, poor or good holding up the movement of cloven- muscling in bulls, or too much definition of muscling hoofed animals in and out of the depending on the breed. disease control zone of 6B. Show animals, with their higher level of nutrition and The outbreak of Foot and Mouth constant hands-on management, cannot be compared Disease delayed the National directly with large scale commercial animals. Agricultural Show, which was th originally scheduled for the 29 of Devotion, great care and persistency is key to any good August, and was eventually held on agricultural practice, and if you have a positive mind-set the 17th of October 2022 in Gaborone. and attitude, you can achieve anything in life! "Winners are not those who never fail, but 8 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE those who never quit.“ - Edwin Louis Cole Issue 9 – November 2022 HOW DOES THIS WORK? When milk goes through the homogenization process, the fat molecules are broken down to such a small size that they’re evenly distributed throughout the milk. You want non-homogenized milk to make malai so that those fat molecules can be separated from the rest of the milk. making true malai. What does the research say? At the moment, there are no clinical research about malai’s effects on skin or hair. However, malai does contain one of skin care’s heroes: lactic acid. Because of this, MILKING CREAM MAGIC malai’s purported benefits are totally plausible. Milking cream, also referred to as The benefits of this type of exfoliation include evening skin malai, is a thick liquid that is texture and tone, smoothing fine lines and wrinkles, and produced from milk. clearing pores. An older study also found that lactic acid can improve the signs of sun damage. As with any skin After cooking for about an hour, the care treatment, DIY or otherwise, don’t expect to see cream is cooled and the malai, a results overnight — or even after a week! Most studies are layer of coagulated proteins and fat conducted over a period of weeks or months. that rises to the surface during the cooking process, is skimmed off the If you know you’re lactose intolerant, or know that top. eating dairy causes acne for you, you should probably steer clear. It’s always important to proceed with caution Advocates of milk cream for your when it comes to DIY skin care treatments, as everyone’s skin commonly suggest using it as a skin responds differently to ingredients and these facial mask. concoctions haven’t been tested for safety the way manufactured products are. Although initially designed as an udder cream for cows, it is also extensively used in the equine industry. Popularly used as a wound ointment, event grease and hoof treatment. It is mostly used in India, both in cooking and in skin care and hair care. Those who use it believe malai can hydrate dehydrated skin, even skin tone, brighten complexion, and improve skin elasticity. 9 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 EVERYTHING TO KNOW ABOUT The Bonsmara has been scientifically bred and exactly selected for economizing production in the expansive cattle grazing regions of South Africa. The Bonsmara has come so popular that it has grown to be numerically the strongest beef breed in South Africa in less than 25 years. Originating in South Africa as a encourages cow efficiency, and height at withers in adult males scientific experimentation of the outstanding mothering is about 123 cm. professor Bonsma, the ability under all environmental Bonsmara was created circumstances, even extensive Weights: after numerous cross mating's african climates, and this is the Mature cows weigh on an and back- crosses conforming of reason for their admiration, average between 500 to 550 five- eighths Afrikaner( Sanga- hence, why the Bonsmara kg, producing calves with an type), three- sixteenths should be at the top of the average weaning weight of Hereford, and three- sixteenths commercial cattle farmer’s list. around 230 kg each, where as Shorthorn( both taurine types). the bulls can weigh around 800 Bonsmara breed is used mainly kg. The breed was recognized in for beef, and produce high 1964, and was officially quality meat. The main difference between registered in 1972. beefmaster and bonsmara: Bonsmaras have a calm Both breeds comprise 25% At present, the Bonsmara breed temperament, which makes it Hereford and 25% Shorthorn, isn't solely in South Africa, but easy to work with them, and but the Bonsmara has 50% is also found in Botswana, the cows have a good maternal Afrikaner, whereas the Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, ability. Beefmaster has 50% Brahman. Swaziland, Mozambique, DR Congo, Angola, Rwanda, as well Physical characteristics: as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, The breed has a uniform red Greenway Bonsmara and in US. and brown coat, medium horn, Jan Bekker Bonsmaras are selected and bred a slight hump in the bull and a (+267) 716 26 752 through a system that effectively good beef formation. Average firstname.lastname@example.org 10 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 DO YOU KNOW YOUR 11 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 HERE WE GOAT AGAIN 12 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 Temo Thuo farmers Directory is in collaboration with Agricolleges AVAILABLE COURSES international which is a modern, cloud- INTRODUCTORY COURSES; based online learning institution. ⇝ Introduction to Agribusiness. ⇝ Introduction to Animal production. We provide students with affordable, ⇝ Introduction to Plant Production. accessible and industry-relevant education and training in the fields of FUNDAMENTALS COURSES; agriculture and related agri-industries. ⇝ Fundamentals of Agribusiness. ⇝ Fundamentals of Avocado production. ACI’s unique offering provides access to ⇝ Fundamentals of Good Agricultural Practices. information in an online, blended and ⇝ Fundamentals of Macadamia Production. shared learning environment, available ⇝ Fundamentals of Maize production. from anywhere at any time. ACI offers various short courses in Agribusiness, CITRUS COURSES; Plant and Animal Production, as well ⇝ Citrus Harvesting. accredited one-year NQF Level 4 ⇝ Citrus Packaging. National Certificate courses. ⇝ Citrus Planting Management. ⇝ Citrus Propagation, Plant Structures & Functions. ⇝ Citrus Pruning. ⇝ Integrated Pest management for Citrus. NATIONAL CERTIFICATES; Contact us today for more information ⇝ National Certificate in general Agriculture. email@example.com ⇝ National Certificate in Plant Production. (+267) 76 25 22 44 ⇝ National Certificate in Animal Production. 16 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 9 – November 2022 Cell: (+267) 71 61 4007 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Capture, Transmission and diffusion of natural light SUN PIPE – SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR LIGHT TUBE - The domes, SUN PIPE – SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR Capture, Transmission and diffusion of natural LIGHT TUBE and solar diffusers have unique and lighting. Our SUN PIPE – SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR selective features, so they transmit the “good” LIGHT TUBE are systems for capturing and light and eliminate harmful light (UV, and part transmitting natural Daylight to the interior of of the Infrared) so that the heat or cold the buildings where they end with the solar transmission to the interior is residual. diffusers. Studies have shown that on average about 80% The dome is placed on the outside and of working hours in closed environments can be maximizes the capture of natural light that will done under natural lighting, thus contributing enter the SUN PIPE – SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR directly to the reduction of energy consumption LIGHT TUBE and route it to the solar diffuser and consequently to the improvement of the placed inside the installation. energy efficiency of buildings. In the background it’s as a Light Tunnel. The The physical and psychological health of all great advantage is that it can bring natural light workers depends on the working conditions to spaces that were otherwise was practically and if it takes place in natural spaces, provided impossible to illuminate: lighting for indoor with natural light (illuminated with SUN PIPE – bathrooms, corridors, cellars etc. SUN TUNNEL -SOLAR LIGHT TUBE, with Persian light tunnels, Uranus integrated lighting), then it will be better than elsewhere without these conditions. 17 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 5 – June 2022 BRAIN -TEASERS 1. My power is made, by means of a blade. What one cannot see, Is transformed by me. On a farm with friends, our work never ends. The more of us turn, the less oil will burn What am I? 2. I have cities but no houses; have mountains but no trees. I have water but no fish. What am I? 3. What can be found in the middle of April and March that cannot be found at the end or beginning of either? 4. Which English word contains three sets of double letters consecutively? 5. You measure my life in hours, and I serve you by expiring. I’m quick when I’m thin and slow when I’m fat. The wind is my enemy. What am I? 6. It belongs to you, but everyone else uses it more than you do. 7. A farmer drives the wrong way on a one-way street. He passes the cops, but they don’t stop him. Why? 8. In marble halls as white as milk, lined with a skin as soft as silk. Within a fountain crystal-clear. A golden apple doth appear. No doors there are to this stronghold, yet thieves break in and steal the gold. What am I? ANSWERS 1. A wind turbine 5. A candle 2. A map 6. Your name 3. The letter “R” 7. He was walking 4. Book-keeper 8. egg “Just ignore her new tattoos, Daisy… She’s just trying to get a reaction.” DO YOU HAVE ANY TRICKY FARMING RIDDLES, ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING FARMING FOR OUR NEXT Q&A PAGE, OR ARE YOU A CREATOR OF COMIC STRIPS AND WOULD LIKE TO BE FEATURED IN OUR MAGAZINE? Give us a call, send us an email, or a WhatsApp for more info on being featured in our Magazine. 18 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Be featured in our Magazine, and claim your FREE advertising spot for our December 2022 edition now. All you have to do to qualify for this exclusive offer, is to follow the simple guided steps below; 1. Follow us on Facebook. 2. Upload a photo to your Facebook page of your farm, livestock, produce, or products. 3. Tag us @ Temo Thuo Farmers Directory. 4. Add the following hashtags to your post; #farmers #magazine #advertising #botswana Terms and Conditions: Advert Size: 89mm x 51mm ONLY Text: Text on the advert should not be smaller than 8 point size, and should be in an easily readable font. Copyright: Any photographs, illustrations, and other images in your advert that are subject to copyright and intellectual property will not be accepted by Temo Thuo Farmers Directory. NB: Be sure that you can supply Temo Thuo Farmers Directory with your own advert, along with the correct specifications as stated above. If you do not meet the T’s and C’s, you will automatically be disqualified from this giveaway. 89 mm ADVERT OFFER LIMITED TO SIZE 51 mm 10 GUIDELINE SPOTS ONLY – HURRY! 19 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Join our WhatsApp group to receive the latest Farmers Magazine!