From the Foyle: Places, Peoples and the Past NI SCIENCE FESTIVAL 2021 Dr. Sharon Arbuthnot (University of Cambridge), Spreading the Words firstname.lastname@example.org Dr. Sarah Baccianti (Queen’s University Belfast), Unlocking the Vikings email@example.com Dr. Frances Kane (Queen’s University Belfast), Northern Ireland Place-Name Project F.Kane@qub.ac.uk Pictures and Poems Broighter Boat Ballintoy Harbour/Game of Thrones Annie Gormlie Sonse CC BY-NC 2.0 CC BY-NC 2.0 https://www.flickr.com/photos/16437735@N02/14507656498 https://www.flickr.com/photos/sonsespics/41212152085 Benone Greg Clarke CC BY-ND 2.0 https://www.flickr.com/photos/leppre/9443061918 Pictures and Poems Benone river entering the sea in the townland of Umbra on OS 6" map (1832-1846) https://apps.spatialni.gov.uk/PRONIApplication/ The Foyle ferry which runs between Magilligan and Greencastle Leppre CC BY 2.0 https://www.flickr.com/photos/46018179@N00/29658509628 Pictures and Poems Martello tower at Magilligan from Lough Foyle Lindy Buckley CC BY 2.0 https://www.flickr.com/photos/63680240@N08/14220157369 Downhill Beach and Mussenden Temple John Purvis CC BY-NC-SA 2.0 https://www.flickr.com/photos/16271433@N02/22483245319 Pictures and Poems Magilligan from Greencastle Andrew Hurley CC BY-SA 2.0 https://www.flickr.com/photos/andrewhurley/6254991660 Manannán Deadmanjones CC BY-NC 2.0 https://www.flickr.com/photos/deadmanjones/45849065492 Pictures and Poems Lighthouse at Stroove/Shrove Patrick Mackie CC BY-SA 2.0 https://www.geograph.ie/photo/3185986 Pictures and Poems I Love Derry [attr. Colum Cille/St Columba] Is aire charaim Doire, This is why I love Derry ar a réide, ar a gloine; for its tranquillity, for its purity; ar is lomlán aingel finn because it is full of bright angels ón chinn co n-ice ar-oile from one end to the other Text from: Gerard Murphy, Early Irish Lyrics (Oxford, 1986), 68 The Naming of Srúbh Brain/Shrove Cú Culainn dodechaid i ndeagaid na dubelle o Dún Delga co romarb én cach thíre dib gusin mbranén déidenach ‘Cú Chulainn pursued the flock of black birds from Dundalk and in every territory he killed one of the birds until the last raven’ Text from: Whitley Stokes, ‘The prose tales in the Rennes dindshenchas’, Revue celtique (1895), §141 From Immram Brain/The Voyage of Bran Do-cuirethar in ben certli do Braun. Fo-ceird Bran a láim forin certli. Lil in certle dia dernainn. Boí in snáithe inna certle i lláim inna mná. Con-sreng in curach dochum poirt ‘The woman throws the ball of thread to Bran. Bran puts his hand on the ball. The thread stuck to his palm. A thread from the ball was in the woman’s hand. She pulled the boat to shore’ Text from: Whitley Stokes, ‘The prose tales in the Rennes dindshenchas’, Revue celtique 14 (1894),§54 From the naming of Túag Inbir on the Bann Rofaid Manannán techta ina dochum .i. Fer Fí mac Eoghabail, dalta do Manannán, do Thúathaib de Danann, a richt mná ‘Manannán sent a messanger to her, Fer Fí son of Eoghabal, who was Mannanán’s foster-son and one of the Túatha de Danann, in the form of a woman’ Text from: Séamus Mac Mathúna, Immram Brain (Tübingen, 1985), 44 Pictures and Poems Shanmullagh Hoard, Co. Armagh Viking Age Hoard, Ulster Museum Copyright Ulster Museum Notafly CC BY-SA 3.0 https://www.nmni.com/collections/highlight-tours/the-vikings https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Ulster MuseumViking_(3).JPG#/media/File:UlsterMuse umViking_(3).JPG Reproduction of a Viking Boat Steinar Engeland https://unsplash.com/photos/SgyH_Ix9lNE Pictures and Poems Viking Age Silver Hoards Sheehan, J. (2001) 'Ireland's Viking-age hoards sources and contacts', in Larsen, A. (ed), The Vikings in Ireland, Roskilde: Vikingeskibsmuseet, pp. 51-59, p. 5. Pictures and Poems I do not fear the Vikings St. Gallen, Stiftsbibliothek, Cod. Sang. 904, p. 112 – Prisciani grammatica http://www.e-codices.ch/en/csg/0904/112 Is acher in gaíth in-nocht, Bitter is the wind tonight, fu-fúasna fairggae findfholt; it stirs up the white-waved sea. ní ágor réimm mora inn I do not fear the coursing of the Irish sea dond láechraid lainn ua Lothlind. By the fierce warriors of Lothlind (Vikings). Text from: R. Thurneysen, Old Irish Reader (Dublin, 1981), 39 This anonymous poem in the top margin of a page of the ninth-century Irish manuscript, Codex Sangallensis 904, shows the relief of the scribe/monk for the stormy wintery sea which will prevent a possible attack by the Vikings. Further Reading Irish texts: Carey, John, ‘The Lough Foyle colloquy texts: Immacaldam Choluim Chille ⁊ ind óclaig oc Carraic Eolairg and Immacaldam in druad Brain ⁊ inna baṅfátho Febuil ós Loch Fhebuil’, Ériu 52 (2002), 53–87. Mac Mathúna, Séamus (ed. and trans.), Immram Brain: Bran’s Journey to the Land of the Women (Tübingen: 1985). Meyer, Kuno (ed. and trans.), The Triads of Ireland, Todd Lecture Series 13 (Dublin, 1906) O'Donovan, John (ed. and trans.), Annala rioghachta Eireann: Annals of the Kingdom of Ireland, by the Four Masters, from the earliest period to the year 1616, vol. 4 (2nd ed., Dublin, 1856). Stokes, Whitley (ed. and trans.), ‘The Prose Tales in the Rennes Dindshenchas’, Revue Celtique 15 (1894), pp 272–336, 418–84; Revue Celtique 16 (1895), pp 31–83, 135–67, 269–312, 468. Placenames: Flanagan, Deirdre, and Laurence Flanagan, Irish Place Names (Dublin, 1994). McKay, Patrick, Dictionary of Ulster Place-Names (Belfast, 2007). The Northern Ireland Place-Name Project, Place names of Northern Ireland (vols 1-7) (Belfast 1992-1997). On Sagas and Vikings: Barraclough, Eleanor Rosamund, Beyond the Northlands. Viking Voyages and the Old Norse Sagas (Oxford, 2016). Clarke, Howard B., Sheila Dooley and Ruth Johnson, Dublin and the Viking World (Dublin, 2018). Cook, Robert (trans.), Njal’s Saga (London, 2001). Graham-Campbell, James, The Vikings World (London, 2001). Jones, G., A History of the Vikings (Oxford, 1984). Larsen, Anne C., The Vikings in Ireland (Denmark, 2001) [available to read online at: https://www.yumpu.com/en/document/read/37533050/vikings-in-irelandpdf-cryptmorg]. Smiley, Jane (ed.), The Sagas of Icelanders, with an introduction by Robert Kellogg (London: 2005) [offers a very good selection of sagas at an affordable price]. Winroth, Anders, The Age of the Vikings (Princeton, 2014).