Next Generation Science Standards* The Next Generation Science Standards (NGSS) are based on a framework for K-12 science education that was created by the National Research Council, setting the bar for what students should know and be able to do. As a parent or teacher (or both ), it’s important to understand them so that you can not only create stimulating classroom learning experiences, but also teach your students how to properly connect science disciplines and other content areas. In this infographic, we’ll walk you through the three dimensions of the standards with short, student-friendly descriptions to get the gears in your young scientists’ and engineers’ brains turning: SCIENTIFIC AND DISCIPLINARY ENGINEERING CORE IDEAS PRACTICES (DCIs) (PRACTICES) CROSSCUTTING CONCEPTS We encourage you to use the infographic as a reference sheet with your teachings and display it in your classroom. S - ca l! Let’s get PHY S IC SCIENTIFIC AND ENGINEERING PRACTICES (PRACTICES) These are behaviors scientists and engineers engage in: 1. Asking questions (for science) and defining problems (for engineering) This helps describe how the natural and designed worlds work so they can be tested. 2. Developing and using models They’re helpful tools for representing ideas and explanations (analogies, drawings, diagrams, physical replicas, you name it!). 3. Planning and carrying out investigations These happen in a field or laboratory and are done individually or in groups. (Grab your lab partner for this one.) 4. Analyzing and interpreting data This step is necessary to make something out of the results, like when you get your report card and analyze all your grades! 5. Using mathematics and computational thinking They come in handy when solving equations, recognizing relationships, and figuring out other tasks. 6. Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering) What’s a scientist’s end goal? Create evidence-based theories that explain how the world works like never seen before. 7. Engaging in argument from evidence This is how explanations for a natural phenomenon (scientists) and the best solutions to design problems (engineers) are reached. 8. Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information You need to clearly and persuasively communicate ideas individually and in groups. Remember: Sharing is caring! CROSSCUTTING CONCEPTS These are concepts linking the different domains of science: 1. Patterns When you observe patterns in nature, you start to question what causes them. (Like considering why butterflies’ wings look how they do) 2. Cause and effect: mechanism and explanation Figuring out other possible causes and learning how to test them is a major activity of science and engineering. 3. Scale, proportion, and quantity Think: How does the system look at a smaller or larger scale? How do relationships change as scale changes? 4. Systems and system models Systems are an organized group of related objects, and models can be used to understand and predict their behavior. 5. Energy and matter: flows, cycles, and conservation Track how energy and matter flow into, out of, and within systems to better understand their behaviors. 6. Structure and function How an object is shaped will determine a lot of its properties and functions. (Take a leafless cactus, for example. It stores water in its stem!) 7. Stability and change Understand what affects stability (that is, the state of being unchanged) and what causes change in the natural and designed worlds. DISCIPLINARY CORE IDEAS (DCIs) Physical Science PS 1: Matter and its interactions PS 2: Motion and stability: A. Structure and properties of matter forces and interactions B. Chemical reactions A. Force and motion C. Nuclear processes B. Types of interactions C. Stability and instability in Ever try to mix oil and vinegar physical systems in the kitchen? PS 3: Energy PS 4: Waves and their applications in A. Definitions of energy technologies for information transfer B. Conservation of energy A. Wave properties & energy transfer B. Electromagnetic radiation C. Relationship between energy & C. Information technologies & forces instrumentation D. Energy in chemical processes and everyday life Have your parents help you make an electromagnet at home! All you need is copper wire, metal objects, a magnet, an iron nail, and a battery. Life Science LS 1: From molecules to organisms: LS 2: Ecosystems: interactions, structures and processes energy and dynamics A. Structure and function A. Interdependent relationships B. Growth and development in ecosystems of organisms B. Cycles of matter and energy C. Organization for matter & flow transfer in ecosystems in organisms C. Ecosystem dynamics, functioning, D. Information processing and resilience D. Social interactions and group behavior LS 3: Heredity: inheritance and LS 4: Biological evolution: unity and variation of traits diversity A. Inheritance of traits A. Evidence of common ancestry B. Variation of traits and diversity B. Natural selections Ever wonder why some kids look different C. Adaptation from their parents? It has to do with this! D. Biodiversity and humans Earth and Space Science ESS 1: Earth’s place in the universe ESS 2: Earth’s systems A. The universe and its stars A. Earth materials and systems B. Earth and the solar system B. Plate tectonics and large-scale C. The history of planet Earth system interactions C. The roles of water in Earth’s surface processes Have you created a solar system model?? If so, we’d love to see it! D. Weather and climate E. Biogeology Here’s a simple water cycle experiment you can do at home. Have your parents ESS 3: Earth and human activity help you dye a cup’s worth of water blue. A. Natural resources Draw an ocean, sun, and cloud on an empty sandwich bag. Add your water to B. Natural hazards the bag, and seal it up. Place it in the sun C. Human impacts on Earth systems so the water can evaporate. Before you D. Global climate change know it, you’ll have drops collecting on the bag (condensation)! Engineering, Technology and the Applications of Science ETS 1: Engineering design ETS 2: Links among engineering, technology, science and society Grab a friend for this one! Build tin foil Another fun experiment for this section boats, and load them with as many is with gumdrops and toothpicks, oh my! pennies as possible until they sink. Figure out how to make a triangular Who will create a design that carries structure that will support weight using the most? just the two materials. Text adapted from the Next Generation Science Standards (www.nextgenscience.org) Science with Sophie is an award-winning science comedy video series for girls and everyone. The show uses cutting-edge teaching methods, like NGSS, in each episode to explore science in daily life. To learn more, go to sciencewithsophie.com. sciencewithsophie sciencewithsophie sciencewithsophie sciencewithsoph *NGSS is a registered trademark of WestEd. Neither WestEd nor the lead states and partners that developed the Next Generation Science Standards were involved in the production of this product, and do not endorse it.