The Irish Land Bill, designed in the interests of Hibernia, after many difficulties had finally passed. Change of Address 56 The new Royal Courts of Justice in the Strand were opened by Queen Victoria on the 4th December. On the Trail 57 Seventeen persons suspected of complicity with the Phœnix Park murders had been arrested. There was a good hope of at length securing the clue to the series of crimes. Snubbed! 58 An exchange of visits, the first for the last 200 years, had taken place between the German and Spanish Courts. This aroused jealousy in France, where the Spanish King had recently been rudely received. “Mirage” 59 At this time General Gordon at Khartoum was isolated. His appeal for assistance and the opening of communications with Khartoum by the Suakin-Berber route, was still delayed. “Mrs. Micawber” 60 This Cartoon refers to Mr. Gladstone’s vacillating Egyptian policy, and pictures him as “Micawber waiting for something to turn up.” The Liberal Party, however, like Mrs. Micawber, remained loyal to the Premier. “Wait till the Clouds roll by” 61 Mr. Gladstone, burdened with political complications at home and abroad, ill-health and impaired voice, was resting and recruiting at Hawarden. The advice here tendered to him was the title of a popular song. “Too Late!” 62 When Sir Charles Wilson at last succeeded in approaching Khartoum, the Mahdi’s flag was flying upon what had been Gordon’s citadel. Khartoum had fallen, and its dauntless defender with it. “Only his Play” (!!!) 63 The Russians had attacked the Afghans at Penjdeh, and each side charged the other with provoking the conflict. The Broken Covenant 64 On April 27 Mr. Gladstone made use of the above significant words with reference to an arrangement or covenant with Russia concerning Afghanistan, which Russia appeared to have broken. Our Protean Premier! 65 On May 4 Mr. Gladstone removed all immediate fear of war, by announcing that Russia and England would resume negotiations for the delimitation of the Afghan frontier. The “Irrepressible” Tourist 66 The occupation by Germany of the Caroline Islands had excited Spanish feeling. England, too, regarded with apprehension the active “Colonial Policy” of Bismarck at this time. The Waits 67 At the end of the year, Lord Salisbury determined to remain in office, though left by the General Election in a minority. The Grand Young Man!! 68 Lord Randolph Churchill had been appointed Chancellor of the Exchequer and Leader of the House of Commons in the new Salisbury Ministry. Sink or Swim!! 69 Mr. Gladstone had introduced his Home Rule Bill, and had deliberately set his fortune and that of his party upon the policy thereby involved. “1886” 70-71 This travesty depicts the retreat of the Liberal Party on the defeat of the second reading of Mr. Gladstone’s Home Rule Bill. The Tempter 72 Certain Socialists and Anarchists had taken advantage of the prevailing poverty and lack of work to make inflammatory appeals to the unemployed. Salisbury Sisyphus 73 Lord Salisbury had to face the difficulties of the Irish question—a task as formidable to him as to his predecessors. “What of the Night?” 74-75 The action of Russia (the Great Northern Bear) in Bulgaria and elsewhere at this time seemed likely to involve a disturbance of the peace of Europe. “Quite English, you know” 76 President Cleveland was at this time advocating in America the adoption of the English system of Free Trade. Bear or Bug-Bear? 77 Russia, in consequence of her huge armaments and equivocal policy, seemed a standing menace to the peace of Europe. In the Arena 78-79 The two sides are shown parading before the reassembling of Parliament—the Unionists (Tory and Liberal) under Lord Salisbury, the Home Rulers under Mr. Gladstone. Germany, March 9, 1888 80 On this date Germany was plunged into mourning owing to the death of the Emperor William. Consol-ation 81 Mr. Goschen’s National Debt Conversion Bill provided for the conversion of the 3 per cent. Stocks into a new Stock bearing 2-3/4 per cent. interest for fifteen years, and thereafter a guaranteed 2-1/2 per cent. for 20 years. What next? 82 The popularity of General Boulanger suggested the idea that France was growing weary of a Republican “regime.” “Panic amongst the Pigs!” 83 A Papal Rescript, condemning the Plan of Campaign and the practice of Boycotting, caused some excitement among the Irish Nationalists. Plain English! 84 England was aggrieved by the action of Portugal in reference to the Delagoa Railway, and by insults to the British flag committed by the Portuguese. From the Nile to the Neva 85 “And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour. And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage.”—EXODUS. Dropping the Pilot 86-87 In consequence of disagreement with the German Emperor, Prince Bismarck resigned his post of Chancellor. The McGladstone! 88 Mr. Gladstone had started for Midlothian to carry on another political campaign for the rallying of his forces. “Separatists” 89 Owing to the scandal arising out of the O’Shea divorce case, Mr. Gladstone refused to co-operate any longer with Mr. Parnell as leading the Irish Home Rule Party. Arbitration 90 The Americans claimed to make the Behring Sea a mare clausum, and it was thought advisable to establish a “close-time” for the seals. “Retire!—What do you think?” 91 A rumour that Mr. Gladstone was about to retire from political life proved to be without foundation. Coriolanus 92 Prince Bismarck had inspired in the columns of the Hamburger Nachrichten, incessant attacks upon the Imperial policy, and especially upon the proceedings of his successor, Caprivi. “Advance, Australia!” 93 A scheme, advocated by Sir Henry Parkes, was under consideration for establishing “one great Union Government” amongst the Australian Colonies. Mr. Punch’s Jubilee Pageant 94-95 In July “Mr. Punch” celebrated his Jubilee. The sketches surrounding the Pageant are of selected cartoons illustrating events ranging over 50 years. “Turning the Tables” 96 The suggestion of “Turning the Tables” was that on this occasion the Man (France) was dancing to the tune of the Bear acting as leader. “What will he do with it?” 97 It was hoped that some portion of the large Russian loan might be applied to the relief of misery rather than for war preparations. Trying it on! 98 A rapprochement between Russia and Italy was considered likely to weaken the strength of the Triple Alliance. The Coming of Ninety-Two 99 “Short-’anded” 100 “The whole legal machinery is out of gear, and the country is too busy to put it right.”—Law Times. The Attack on the “Capital” 101 The Liberal Party, which had organised great public meetings in London, were making a determined effort to capture the Tory stronghold. 102- “Her Majesty’s Servants” 103 The Parliament opened for its last Session previous to the General Election in July, which gave Mr. Gladstone a small majority. Younger than ever! 104 The great Liberal leader, who had been recruiting his health in the South of France, had returned and resumed the leadership. The Dynamite Dragon 105 The Dynamitards had committed many outrages on the Continent, and the destruction of property by dynamite had been made a capital offence by the French Chamber. The New “Queen of the May” 106 Incendiary Manifestoes having been issued by the French proletariat, it was feared that disturbances might ensue during the May Day celebrations on the Continent. “When Greek meets Greek” 107 The two great leaders had issued stirring addresses to the constituencies, and were preparing to grapple for supremacy at the approaching General Election. Mischief! 108 Mr. Labouchere’s promises of support to the Government were largely discounted by the report that he considered himself slighted at being left out of office. A Pilgrim’s Progress 109 The Liberal leader was resolved to persevere with his Home Rule Bill, despite the lukewarm support of the Irish Nationalists and the fierce opposition of the Ulster Unionists. Uncle Toby and Widow Wadman 110 The Ulster Defence Union had issued a Manifesto antagonistic to the Home Rule scheme, and mass meetings were held at Belfast and other parts of Ulster. “The Minstrel Boy” 111 The Marquis of Salisbury had visited Belfast, and assisted in the demonstrations against the Home Rule Bill. “Father William” 112 The German Army Bill, which had been vehemently opposed and rejected in the previous Parliament, was eventually passed. The French Wolf and the Siamese Lamb 113 Disputes having arisen between the French and Siamese Governments concerning the boundary of the river Mekong, an ultimatum was sent by France and unconditionally accepted. “Over the Hills and Far Away!” 114 The Premier had gone to Scotland for a well-earned holiday rest after his arduous exertions during the debates on the Second Home Rule Bill. The “Forlorn Hope” 115 After the summary rejection of the Home Rule Bill by the Peers, the liberal Party were daily awaiting the signal for an attack on the House of Lords. A Dirty Crossing 116 The management of the Bank of England had been freely criticised in the Press. “Confidences” 117 There had been a debate in the Chamber of Deputies which provoked comparisons between the French and English Navies. “Pluck’d!” 118 The Local Government Bill had been severely dealt with by the Lords in Committee, notably the clauses dealing with the Parish Councils. Unarming 119 On March 1, 1894, Mr. Gladstone delivered his last speech in the House of Commons previous to his final retirement from political life. Lemon-Squash 120 The Chancellor of the Exchequer increased the Income Tax from 7d. to 8d. “Vive la République!” 121 A stringent anti-Anarchist Bill had been passed by the French Chamber after the assassination at Lyons of President Carnot. Jap the Giant-Killer 122 In the war arising out of the Corean dispute between China and Japan, the Japanese forces gained easy victories, both on land and sea. “Vested Interests” 123 The House of Lords had survived the repeated attacks made upon it, both in the Commons and by its own Members. “All’s Well!” 124 The Russian Press at this time suggested that an Anglo-Russian understanding would be of great advantage to the two nations. The New Passenger 125 The year 1894 had been marked by many dynamite outrages on the Continent, and specially by the assassination of President Carnot. The New Year opened under brighter auspices. “Who said—‘Atrocities’?” 126 Mr. Gladstone had expressed his strong indignation at the atrocities in Armenia, which had profoundly shocked the mind of the country. Silent! 127 The British occupation of Egypt still continued, the Egyptian Government being powerless to suppress outrages on Europeans in Alexandria. An Easter ’Oliday 128 The House of Commons had adjourned for the Easter vacation. Both leaders were glad of repose after the exciting debates on the Welsh Disestablishment and Irish Land Bills. “William! ahoy!” 129 The Welsh Disestablishment Bill having been warmly discussed in the Commons, Mr. Gladstone had withdrawn his pair with Mr. Villiers in order to keep “an open mind” on the question. 130- The Old Crusaders! 131 The Duke of Argyll had presided at an indignation meeting held in St. James’s Hall to protest against the Armenian atrocities. Old Warder William 132 After Sir William Harcourt’s defeat at Derby he was elected for West Monmouthshire, the Radical candidate having retired in his favour. “Just a-goin’ to Begin!” 133 It was thought that in the coming Session the Jameson raid would bring trouble to the Ministry, but this was averted by the skillful management of Mr. Balfour and the Colonial Secretary. 134- The Tug of War 135 On an appeal from the Uitlanders at Johannesburg, Dr. Jameson crossed the Transvaal frontier with an armed force. Mr. Chamberlain, however, intervened, and ordered him to retire. The Patient Ass 136 The Budget having shown a considerable surplus, an idea was prevalent that the Chancellor of the Exchequer would relieve the income- tax payer. A Turkish Bath 137 The Porte at length realised the gravity of the situation in Crete. Preparing his Speech 138 A genial allusion to the many changes which had marked Mr. Chamberlain’s political career. “Turkey Limited” 139 It was reported that the Powers had considered a scheme for a Turkish loan, to be applied under European control to the cost of the Judiciary, Revenue and Police service. “Seaside Lodgings” 140 The Cartoon foreshadowed Russian designs upon the Chinese naval arsenal at Port Arthur, which in fact came into her possession a year later. The Queen’s Year! 141 In June of this year Queen Victoria celebrated her Jubilee. Against the Grain 142 The Cretans having revolted against Turkish misrule, Greece intervened with an armed force, but was ordered by the Allied Powers to withdraw. Tender Mercies! 143 The Allied Powers had decided to grant autonomy to Crete, but under Turkish suzerainty. “Who says ‘Sick Man’ now?” 144 After the recall of the Greek army, the Turkish forces were successful in a conflict with the Cretan insurgents. Spithead, June 26 145 At this great Review of the Fleet there were present 165 British war-ships. Official representatives from the various Colonies participated in the display. 146- “For Queen and Empire!!” 147 The Cartoon is typical of the great celebrations which marked the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee. The Colonial, Asiatic, and African contingents took part in the procession on June 22. “Brothers in Arms” 148 A treacherous attack had been made at Maizar on the Political Officer’s escort. The British loss was heavy, but the Native Infantry behaved with the greatest gallantry. Saved! 149 England, Russia and France, the Powers originally responsible for the freedom of Greece, agreed to jointly guarantee a loan to that country. “Financial Relations” 150 Colonel Saunderson, Mr. Healy, and Mr. Lecky had united in supporting the Irish Local Government Bill, which assigned £700,000 a year to Ireland. Bull-Baiting 151 Continental ill-feeling against Great Britain was at this time more than usually manifested. Sentinels 109 The occupation of Port Arthur by Russia seemed to leave Great Britain no alternative but to adopt a similar course with Wei-Hai-Wei. The Duello 153 The United States, on account of Spanish misrule in Cuba, had declared war against Spain. 154- Bismarck 155 Prince Bismarck, the great Chancellor of the German Empire, died on July 30, 1898. Honour à la Russe 156 When the Russians occupied Talien-Wan it was understood that it was to be a free port. Our Masters’ Masters 157 Sympathy for the Costers had led to the rejection of a municipal bye-law for the repression of street shouting. 158- Khartoum! 159 Khartoum was captured by the Mahdi on Jan. 26, 1885, and General Gordon assassinated. On Sept. 2, 1898, General Kitchener annihilated the Khalifa’s army and re-entered the town. A Fixture 160 The conquest of the Soudan seemed to indicate a permanence of the British occupation of Egypt. Under the Mistletoe 161 Sir William Harcourt had written to Mr. John Morley announcing his retirement from the leadership of the Liberal Party. A New Year’s Greeting 162 Thanks to Mr. Henneker Heaton, some of the Colonies had accepted the principle of an International Penny Postage. Diogenes-Morley 163 Mr. Morley was one of the few who remained faithful to the traditions of the old Liberal Party. A Free Hand! 164 Parliament had been prorogued, and the Government would in the interim, it was thought, have a free hand in the South African and other questions. Open at Last! 165 The Russians had made Talien-Wan a free port. There had been some doubt as to Russia’s intentions. Plain English 166 The Transvaal Government had sent an insolent Ultimatum to Great Britain, requiring the withdrawal within forty-eight hours of the British forces from the Boer frontiers. Who said “Dead”? 167 On Feb. 27, 1900, the anniversary of the Majuba Hill disaster, General Cronje surrendered to General Roberts. Full of Resource 168 The Chancellor of the Exchequer had announced in his Budget speech that he hoped to recover a large proportion of the war expenses by taxation of the Transvaal. Good Wishes! 169 “Mr. Punch” here expresses his good wishes for the success of the Paris Exhibition, which was shortly to be opened. 170- The Avenger! 171 Thrilling details had been published of the reported massacre of the British and Foreign Ministers in Pekin. Happily this proved to be unfounded. The Imperial Dispensary 172 Great satisfaction was felt in the Colonies at the introduction by Mr. Chamberlain of his Commonwealth of Australia Bill. Shifting his Capital 173 President Kruger had abandoned Pretoria on the near approach of the British forces, taking with him, it was reported, bullion to the value of £2,000,000. In the Movement 174 On the advance of the Allied troops to Pekin the Empress and the Chinese Court had fled to the interior. Reporting Himself 175 The City of London Imperial Volunteers met with an enthusiastic reception in the City and elsewhere on their return from South Africa. 176- Time’s Appeal 177 Cartoons by Sir John Tenniel May Day, Eighteen hundred and Fifty-one. July, 1853. The Bear and the Bees.—A New Version of an Old Story. June, 1854. What Nicholas heard in the Shell. August, 1857. The British Lion’s Vengeance on the Bengal Tiger. February, 1859. The Quaker and the Bauble. “It is the Land which the territorial party represents in Parliament.... That is the theory of the Constitution: Blackstone says so. But it is a thing which is not likely to be respected much longer, and it must go, even if involving the destruction of the Constitution.”—Mr. BRIGHT. December, 1859. John Bull Guards his Pudding. January, 1860. Dame Cobden’s New Pupil. May, 1860. Lyndhurst as Nestor rebukes the Chiefs. November, 1860. Right Leg in the Boot at last. GARIBALDI. “If it won’t go on, Sire, try a little more powder.” November, 1860. New Elgin Marbles. ELGIN TO EMPEROR. “Come, knuckle down! No cheating this time!” March, 1861. “Beggar my Neighbour.” PAM. “Is not your Majesty tired of this foolish game?” April, 1861. Papal Allocution.—Snuffing out Modern Civilisation. November, 1861. King Cotton Bound; Or, The Modern Prometheus. December, 1861. Waiting for an Answer. December, 1861. Columbia’s Fix. COLUMBIA. “Which answer shall I send?” May, 1862. Peace. Mr. PUNCH’S Design for a colossal Statue which ought to have been placed in the International Exhibition. June, 1862. The “Sensation” Struggle in America. June, 1863. Britannia Discovering the Source of the Nile. BRITANNIA. “Aha, Mr. Nilus! So I’ve found you at last!” March, 1863. At Home and Abroad. January, 1864. Miranda and Prospero. MIRANDA (EUROPE). “If by your art, my dearest Louis, you have put the wild waters in this roar, allay them.” January, 1864. Shakspeare and the Pigmies. September, 1864. The American Juggernaut. May, 1865. Britannia Sympathises with Columbia. September, 1866. Vulcan’s Best Customer. P EACE . “Not much doing, I suppose, Mr. Vulcan?” VULCAN. “Doing! Thanks to you, Miss, I’ve a’most more work than I can manage.” February, 1867. J. A. ROEBUCK. E. HORSMAN. T. HUGHES. LORD CRANBORNE. S. H. WALPOLE. SIR JOHN PAKINGTON. LORD STANLEY. R. LOWE. J. S. MILL. LORD JOHN RUSSEL. W. E. GLADSTONE. EARL OF DERBY. B. DISRAELI. JOHN BRIGHT. Gladiators preparing for the Arena. January, 1870. “Onward!” September, 1870.