October 2022 Issue 08 19 11 LIVESTOCK FLOUR PAINT MANAGEMENT SYSTEM NON-TOXIC AND COST EFFECTIVE 13 Vertical Farming & Aquaponics 18 Alpha Bonsmara Cattle Auction in October 11 Fun Toys for your Goats Contents 4 3 Editors Note 4 Recycled Irrigation System 5 Make Your Own Sun Dials 7 Pick The Perfect Water Melon 7 9 Fun Toys for Goats 10 Healthy Food For Your Liver 5 11 Natural Flour Paint 12 The Bonsmara Breed 13 Vertical Farming & Aquaponics 14 Crop Management Systems 15 Alpha Bonsmara Cattle Auction 16 Fun Kids Project – Can Guitar 9 18 Brain Twister Riddles 14 19 Livestock Management System 20 Online Agricultural Courses 11 “Together we can share knowledge, and feed our Nation” Issue 8 – October 2022 EDITORS NOTE Jerileigh du Preez Temo Thuo Farmers Directory Founder (+267) 754 84 559 firstname.lastname@example.org Dear Readers, It’s time to bring into being a new future, feeding the world, caring for the earth. My heart is very passionate about our planet, animals and mother earth. In this edition of the Temo Thuo Farmers Magazine, we will be shining a light on Our well-being solely depends on this new ideas for farming cost-effective and planet which gives food and water to all non-toxic formulas, and a fun living things, so it is our responsibility to experiment for kids! take care of it. There are also a few tricky riddles for I believe that a clean environment is great minds to try and solve. essential for healthy living, and enhancing our relationship with nature. I certainly hope this issue highlights some agricultural news. It is our duty to protect our earth, because caring for our earth means We are in search of creative solutions as maintaining the existence of living beings well as inspiration for readers to set and our future generations. goals and become the new era of entrepreneurs. I trust that every reader shall thoroughly enjoy our 8th edition of this magazine Jerileigh du Preez under the Temo Thuo Farmers Directory. 3 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 CREATE YOUR OWN IRRIGATION SYSTEM Step 1: sharp scissors. Plan on down around the bottle. Get a plastic bottle. A 2- cutting the bottom (2.54 You can insert the bottle liter bottle will work the cm) off of the bottle. If deeper into the soil, but you best, but you can use a your plastic bottle has a will need at least 3cm sticking smaller one for a smaller moulded line around the out of the soil. This will plant. Clean the bottle bottom, you can use that prevent soil from getting into thoroughly with water, and as a guide instead. the water. remove the label. Step 4: Step 6: Step 2: Dig a hole into the soil. It Fill the bottle with water, and Poke 4 to 5 holes in the needs to be deep enough invert the bottom of the bottle cap. Remove the cap and so that you can fit your so it rests on the water, ready set it down on a piece of bottle halfway into it, then to catch any debris that would scrap wood. Use a drill or a plan on making the hole otherwise sink and clog the nail and hammer to poke about 10 to 15cm away system. Leave your drip several holes into it. The from the plant's stem. If irrigation to do its work. Make more holes you poke, the you are digging next to an as many drip irrigation as you faster the water will flow established plant, be need for all of your plants. out. Place the cap back careful not to cut through onto the bottle when you the roots. are done, but avoid making the holes too Step 5: small, or they may get Place the bottle into the clogged up by the soil hole, cap-side-down. If you have not already, screw Step 3: the cap back onto the Approximately cut the bottle. Flip the bottle bottom off of the upside down, and insert it RECYCLED IDEAS bottle. You can do this with cap-side-down into the AFFORDABLE FOR EVERYONE a serrated knife or a pair of hole. Gently pat the soil 4 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 MAKE YOUR OWN SUNDIALS What You Will Need: - Wooden dowel or stick - Pebbles - Marker / Paint for numbers to use on the pebbles Choose a sunny day to begin and start at noon. First, find a well-lit spot on your farm. Next, plant the dowel or stick standing straight up and down. Place a stone at the end of the shadow cast by the stick. You can have your little ones paint or decorate the stone if they’d like, or mark the number 12 on it. Repeat this step every hour until the sun sets. You'll find that the shadow will have moved each time. A sundial is a way to keep track of the time using the sun. It works by At this point, you will only have completed half of the casting a shadow as the sun moves sundial. Return the next morning to mark each hour across the sky, due to the Earth’s from sun up to noon. rotation on its axis. The shadow will rotate around the center point (called the gnomon), which allows you to tell the time! Sundials have been around for thousands of years! Around 1500 BC, the ancient Egyptians began to use them regularly. There are many different types of sundials, and some can be very elaborate and complex. Here we will make the most common type, which is often found in gardens or backyards. It is called a horizontal sundial. 5 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE “The secret to life, is working within nature’s laws.” (+267) 392 2326 (+267) 72 728 717 / (+267) 76 700 083 Issue 8 – October 2022 How to pick the perfect WATERMELON 7 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 FUN TOYS FOR GOATS There are many different ways and goats may even try to A bored goat without any to keep goats occupied and climb or balance on larger means of entertainment entertained. Just like any balls. will seek to entertain itself, entertainment, however, not all possibly in damaging or goats will enjoy the same Recycled Toys dangerous ways. activities, and it is best to offer Toys your human kids have several options to give each outgrown can be perfect for Because these animals are animal something fun to your four-legged kids. Plastic agile climbers, have explore. slides or playhouses, kiddie powerful muscles, and a pools or see-saws are great propensity to chew on just Change of Scenery options, and goats will also about anything, they could Entertaining goats can be as love "big kid" toys as well such butt or push on fences, simple as letting them explore as a camper shell or small knocking them down and someplace new. If you have boat that has seen better leading to escapes, different corrals or pastures the days. chew on posts, debris, or goats can use, move them other items and cause between locations periodically Tunnels damage or suffer mouth so they don't get bored always Tunnels, nooks and hideaways injuries, climb onto unsafe staying in the same place. are fun for goats to explore. A surfaces that may lead to simple tunnel of half-buried slips and falls. Ball Games tires can provide hours of Different sizes and colours of entertainment, or a large They could also resort to balls make great toys for goats, section of pipe, a series of A- bullying or aggressive, and they will kick, butt, and frames or trellises, an open territorial behaviour that push them around. tent or hay bales stacked with impacts your other farm Choose balls with different secret spaces will keep goats animals. levels of firmness as well, happily occupied. 9 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 The liver helps your body waste products and foreign Fascinating Facts About Our maintain a healthy level of substances from the Liver: blood sugar. Your liver bloodstream, regulating supplies glucose to your blood sugar levels, and Largest glandular organ – blood when it's needed. It creating essential nutrients. Our liver is the largest also removes glucose from glandular organ of the your blood when there's The five major functions of human body and the second too much. the liver include: largest organ besides our - Filtration. skin. The liver is an essential - Digestion. Multifunctional – Our liver organ of the body that - Metabolism and simultaneously performs performs over 500 vital Detoxification. over 200 important functions. These - Protein synthesis. functions for the body. ... include removing - Storage of vitamins and It contains fat – 10% of our minerals liver is made up of fat. 10 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 FLO UR Paint AN AGE OLD RECIPE, FLOUR PAINT, IS EASY, CHEAP, NON-TOXIC, NATURAL AND IS SAID TO LAST FROM FIVE TO TEN YEARS, VEN APPLYING THE PAINT OUTDOORS. Flour Paint, really? order to have a wider color Step 3: Bring it to a boil. Let it Really! In fact, all paints are choice than earth pigments boil for about 10 minutes, until prepared according to a offer, which are mostly it thickens. simple basic recipe: They are available in yellows, browns Step 4: Add your pigment made from pigments (for the and reds. (colour) of choice and 300 ml color), binders (to bind all the linseed oil. Bring back to a boil. ingredients together), The recipe will make 3 litres Let boil for 30 minutes. solvents or thinners (to dilute of flour paint. When time is up, let it cool. and make the paint easier to You now have paint. apply), and additives (to add RECIPE; specific properties to the - 300 grams of basic flour If you have iron sulphate, it paint, such as quicker drying, - 3 litres of water would be more effective when or protection against mold, - 600 grams of pigment painting outdoors, as It will add etc.). Cheaper and better - 300 millilitres of linseed oil resistance against moss. alternatives, instead of using toxic products is always Use an old pot. You are If you are painting on wood, possible, this is called The making paint, so you won’t remember to properly prep Swedish Flour Paint. be making food in this pot your wooden surface before again. applying, removing any existing Flour Paint, is colored with paint or stain and sanding. natural earth pigments, such Step 1: Put the pot on the Once you are finished painting, as ochre, replacing Falu red. stove and heat with 300 g of it should be dry in about 1 hour, This explains why it’s also flour. but with the extreme heat in commonly called “Ochre Step 2: As it starts to warm, Botswana, it would probably Paint”. It’s important to note gradually add 3 l of water. dry within minutes. that this paint can also be Stirring as you add the colored by using other water, again use a spoon you No heavy cleansers are needed, pigment types, such as iron don’t want to use again, so you could just clean your oxides and other pigments, in except to make more paint. brushes in water. 11 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 EVERYTHING TO KNOW ABOUT The Bonsmara has been scientifically bred and exactly selected for economizing production in the expansive cattle grazing regions of South Africa. The Bonsmara has come so popular that it has grown to be numerically the strongest beef breed in South Africa in less than 25 years. Originating in South Africa as a encourages cow efficiency, and height at withers in adult males scientific experimentation of the outstanding mothering is about 123 cm. professor Bonsma, the ability under all environmental Bonsmara was created circumstances, even extensive Weights: after numerous cross mating's african climates, and this is the Mature cows weigh on an and back- crosses conforming of reason for their admiration, average between 500 to 550 five- eighths Afrikaner( Sanga- hence, why the Bonsmara kg, producing calves with an type), three- sixteenths should be at the top of the average weaning weight of Hereford, and three- sixteenths commercial cattle farmer’s list. around 230 kg each, where as Shorthorn( both taurine types). the bulls can weigh around 800 Bonsmara breed is used mainly kg. The breed was recognized in for beef, and produce high 1964, and was officially quality meat. The main difference between registered in 1972. beefmaster and bonsmara: Bonsmaras have a calm Both breeds comprise 25% At present, the Bonsmara breed temperament, which makes it Hereford and 25% Shorthorn, isn't solely in South Africa, but easy to work with them, and but the Bonsmara has 50% is also found in Botswana, the cows have a good maternal Afrikaner, whereas the Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, ability. Beefmaster has 50% Brahman. Swaziland, Mozambique, DR Congo, Angola, Rwanda, as well Physical characteristics: as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, The breed has a uniform red Greenway Bonsmara and in US. and brown coat, medium horn, Jan Bekker Bonsmaras are selected and bred a slight hump in the bull and a (+267) 716 26 752 through a system that effectively good beef formation. Average email@example.com 12 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 times; lower water use; fresh produce grown much closer to where it's eaten, improved food taste. Not only can this be used for creeper vegetables, but any other vegetable plants too. Vertical farming is the practice of growing produce in vertically stacked layers. The practice can use soil, hydroponic, aeroponic or aquaponics growing methods. Vertical farms attempt to produce food in challenging environments, like where arable land is rare, limited space, or is unavailable. AQUAPONICS Aquaponics is a cooperation between plants and fish and the term originates from the two words aquaculture (the growing of fish in a closed environment) and hydroponics (the growing of plants usually in a soil-less environment). Aquaponic systems come in various sizes from small VERTICAL VEGGIE indoor units to large commercial units. FARMING Benefits of Aquaponics Use 1/6th of the water to grow 8 times more food per acre compared to traditional agriculture! & AQUAPONICS All-natural fertilizer source from fish waste. No reliance on mined and manufactured fertilizers. Efficient, sustainable, and highly productive. The best vegetables for vertical Produce is free of pesticides and herbicides. growing are pole beans, Fish are free of growth hormones and antibiotics. climbing peas, sweet potatoes, Allows continuous production of food. vining tomatoes, and sprawling Produces both a protein and vegetable crop. types of zucchini, cucumber, The integrated system is sustainable and earth-friendly. melon and squash that can be Eliminating soil eliminates soil-borne diseases. trained up supports. When combined with Controlled Environment Agriculture, you can grow year-round in any climate. One of the great advantages of vertical gardening that many The fish and plants that you select for your aquaponic people don't think about is that system should have similar needs as far as temperature it makes harvesting easier. and pH. As a general rule, warm, fresh water fish and leafy Vertical structures bring your crops, such as lettuce, greens and herbs will do the best. crops up to eye-level, making Most commercial growers raise leafy crops, but you can them much easier to harvest. grow all kinds of plants in aquaponics. Plus, vegetables will hang down Tilapia is one of the best fish to grow in aquaponics from their growing support, because they are hardy and can adapt to their making them easier to spot, environment and withstand less than ideal water higher productivity in a much conditions. They are resistant to many pathogens and smaller area; shorter growing parasites and in handling stress 13 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE CROP MANAGEMENT MONITORING SYSTEMS ON-SITE MONITORING REMOTE MONITORING Powered by: Cell: (+267) 71 61 4007 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Issue 8 – October 2022 INSTRUCTIONS NECESSARY MATERIALS: - A tin can - 6 rubber bands - A sheet of strong paper - Adhesive tape - Scissors - A ruler - A pencil HOW TO MAKE THIS TIN CAN GUITAR: Put the can onto the sheet of paper. Make a point on the paper where the bottom of the can reaches. Roll the can on the side, and make another point. MAKE YOUR OWN Now you can draw a line between those two points, and cut the sheet of paper along it. CAN GUITAR Put two rubber bands around the can lengthwise. Put a third rubber band around the box, widthwise, around the two first rubber bands. HOW TO MAKE Hold the top of the first rubber band tight and pull it back over the top of the can. YOUR OWN CAN Start over with the second rubber band. The third one must have gone to the top of the can. Pull it GUITAR - SIMPLE back over to the bottom of the box. Here’s a fun project for your Watch the video, and look at the picture below to kids. understand. You can ask an adult to help you. Everything must be straight, and tight. Not only is it fun, but assists with focus. Yet this ability to concentrate and sustain attention on all kinds of tasks is crucially important, because it helps kids learn and improve, which leads to self-confidence and positive self-esteem. 16 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 You can adjust them so that adhesive tape. and the rubber bands are they are properly separated. the strings. Children need to be Put one last rubber band Ask an adult to cut the sheet able to focus on a task and around the can, at the of paper if it is still to big. practise an activity to improve bottom to help maintain Now you just need to their skills. Learning to everything securely. decorate the can, and concentrate and finish Roll up the can into the piece play music with it plucking things helps reduce impulsive of paper you first cut, and the rubber bands! behaviour and restlessness, and stick it to the box with The can is the sound box, be calming. 17 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE BRAIN TWISTERS 1. A father told his three sons he would die soon and he needed to decide which one of them to give his property to. He said, “Go to the market and buy something that is large enough to fill my bedroom, but small enough to fit in your pocket. From this, I will decide which of you is the wisest and worthy enough to inherit my land.” They all went to the market, and each came back with a different item. The father told his sons to come into his bedroom one at a time and try to fill up his bedroom with their item. The first son came in and put some pieces of cloth he bought and laid them across the room, but it barely covered the floor. The second son came in and laid some hay on the floor, but there was only enough to cover half the floor. The third son came in and showed his father what he bought. He wound up getting the property. What did the third son show his father? 2. There’s a girl who has a large family. She has an equal amount of brothers and sisters, but each brother only has half as many brothers and sisters. What’s the correct amount of brothers and sisters? 3. Sally lives in a place where six months of the year is mild summer and the temperature drops significantly the other six months. She owns a lake where there is a small island. She wants to build a house on the island and needs to get materials there. She doesn’t have a boat, plane, or anything to transport them to the island. How does Sally solve this problem? 4. How many letters are in the alphabet? ANSWERS 1. A box of matches. Whenever he lit a match, it filled the room with light. 2. Four sisters and three brothers. 3. She waits to take the materials over during the colder months because the lake will freeze over, so she can walk over it. 4. Eleven letters are in the word “the alphabet”. AN ELECTRICIAN, CAUSE IV’E GOT A JOKE FOR YOU… WHO’S THERE? YOUR DOORBELL ISN’T KNOCK KNOCK WORKING! 18 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 8 – October 2022 Temo Thuo farmers Directory is in collaboration with Agricolleges AVAILABLE COURSES international which is a modern, cloud- INTRODUCTORY COURSES; based online learning institution. ⇝ Introduction to Agribusiness. ⇝ Introduction to Animal production. We provide students with affordable, ⇝ Introduction to Plant Production. accessible and industry-relevant education and training in the fields of FUNDAMENTALS COURSES; agriculture and related agri-industries. ⇝ Fundamentals of Agribusiness. ⇝ Fundamentals of Avocado production. 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