Russian War Against Ukraine: Energy Dimension DiXi Group alert (status as of 11:00, March 1) #StopRussianAggression #StandWithUkraine The enemy continues targeted attacks on critical energy infrastructure in cities - in an effort to cause maximal possible devastation to the life support systems. In addition to Stanytsia Luhanska, Shchastya, Volnovakha, outskirts of Kyiv, where the situation is close to humanitarian catastrophe, the occupants carried out targeted bombings of CHP-6 (Kyiv), energy supply facilitites in Kharkiv and Mariupol. According to Air Forces information, the Russian airplanes provocatively strike from no-fly zones of Chornobyl NPP and Zaporizhzhia NPP, so that Ukrainian Armed Forces cannot strike back. Enegoatom addressed the IAEA with a proposal to establish 30-km safety zones around nuclear facilities in Ukraine. The data on radiation environment in the Chornobyl Exclusion Zone is unavailable. Many localities and thousands of consumers are without access to electricity, gas, and district heat supply. Power system Ukraine welcomed the decision of the EU Council to support the operation integration of Ukraine's Integrated Power System (IPS) with ENTSO-E in accelerated mode. According to Ukrenergo, this step will provide the necessary power capacity in the event of the Russian attack on a power plant. The Ukrainian power system integrated with the European one will be able to receive the necessary emergency capacity, protecting citizens and the environment. According to the Minister of Energy Herman Halushchenko, the technical phase of synchronization will take up to two weeks. According to Ukrenergo, as of 9 pm on February 28, the Ukrainian power system continues to operate autonomously. As in previous days, the frequency in the network is maintained at 50 Hz. The capacity of 9 NPP power units operating in the grid was 7.175 GW. Power consumption in the evening peak hours stopped decreasing and stabilized at 14.6-14.8 GW. This is evidence that despite the damage from hostilities, the energy system is able to stabilize. Key facilities of main electricity networks work smoothly in normal mode. On February 27, ENSREG, with the participation of the IAEA, Radiation safety WENRA and the State Nuclear Regulatory Inspectorate of Ukraine, held an extraordinary meeting on the nuclear safety of Ukrainian nuclear power plants in connection with the Russian military aggression against Ukraine. As of March 1, all four NPPs - Zaporizhzhia, Rivne, Khmelnytskyi and South-Ukraine - are operating normally. In operation - 9 power units; other 6 units are in scheduled maintenance (3) or reserve (3). Meanwhile, Energoatom proposes that the IAEA initiates the creation of 30 km safe zones around nuclear facilities in Ukraine. Attacks: Luhansk region Settlements of the Luhansk region are under constant bombardment by the Russian army with heavy weapons, in particular "Grad", "Smerch", and tanks. Private and multi-apartment buildings have been shelled en masse. According to the Luhansk Regional State Administration Head Serhiy Haidai, as of the morning of March 1, much infrastructure was damaged: gas pipelines in 28 settlements (over 10,000 people without gas supply); electricity substations (almost 20,000 people without electricity); pumping stations (over 7,000 people without water); district heating infrastructure (180 buildings without heating). Also, there are problems with mobile connections and the Internet. Luhansk TPP, located within the Shchastia area, has been stopped as result of the fighting, with zero load in the power system. Donetsk region As of 09:00 am on March 1, according to the Donetsk Regional State Administration Head Pavlo Kyrylenko, despite continuous fighting, Mariupol and Volnovakha cities remain under the control of the Ukrainian military. In Mariupol, power lines were damaged, leaving the city partially without electricity (41,229 customers as of 08:30 pm on February 28). Volnovakha city is almost completely destroyed, with continued attempts to evacuate people. Other settlements have also been attacked, causing damage to infrastructure, particularly engineering one. The Russian army also shells civilians: as of 09:00 pm on February 28, 159 persons were wounded in the Donetsk region and 33 persons were killed. According to the Kharkiv Regional State Administration Head Oleh Kharkiv region Syniehubov, as of 08:00 pm on February 28, shelling of residential houses and civilians in the Kharkiv region has acquired clear signs of genocide. The Russian army use weapons prohibited by all international conventions, including cluster bombs, within the city housing districts. In addition, the enemy began to blow up electrical substations, as a result some of the Kharkiv districts have problems with electricity, water and heat supply. Kherson region According to the Kherson Regional State Administration, as of 05:35 pm on February 28, the situation in the region is generally stable, but there are problems with supplies of fuel, food and medicine. 133 settlements are fully without electricity supply and 13 - partially, mostly in the Henichesk district. From the occupied Crimea, a large amount of Russian military equipment arrives in the Kherson region. The Kherson city is being invaded by the occupiers, who are capturing locals for use as ‘human shields’. As of 03:00 pm on February 28, Kakhovska HPP is under the control of Russian occupation forces, while continuing work in the system, implementing all the dispatching commands. Kyiv region According to the Kyiv Regional State Administration, as of 10:00 am on March 1, the situation around the capital of Ukraine is tense. The invaders continue to accumulate large number of troops and equipment and carry out ground, air and missile attacks. In Kyiv, there are attempts to attack CHP-6 in order to leave the city without electricity. Countermeasures of Ukrainian companies: According to official reports, Ukrhydroenergo prepares various options of operation in wartime. The staff of hydropower stations is preparing the technical possibility of gradual reduction of Kyiv and Kaniv reservoirs to the lower agreed level to protect the population and territories from flooding in case of destructive actions of the aggressor at the Kyiv HPP. Disruption of supply: Gas In general, gas transmission facilities, particularly gas storages, are working properly and stably. Naftogaz employees exercise regular control of the facilities (wells, storages, etc) with the view to liquidating labels, put by sabotage groups for further precise bombing. Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU) reports that as of 12 am, March 1, five out of 1389 gas distribution stations (GDS) are deactivated. Particularly, 2 GDS located near the site of hostilities, are disconnected by GTSOU dispatchers in order to prevent gas leakage and threats to citizens. Electricity The situation with electricity supply remains difficult along the entire war line in eight regions of Ukraine. Over the past 24 hours, the situation in Kharkiv and Zaporizhia regions (Mariupol) has significantly deteriorated due to targeted sabotage, missile artillery shelling, and Russian airstrikes. Due to the fighting, employees of distribution system operators have almost no opportunity to carry out repairs. According to the latest data of the Ministry of Energy, as of the previous day, 316 settlements (332,000 consumers) were completely or partially without electricity. The most extensive interruptions in the power supply: • Kharkiv city and Kharkiv region: on February 28, the enemy actively fired on settlements, including Kharkiv, with jet artillery. According to Ihor Terekhov, the mayor of Kharkiv, many residential areas have been disconnected from electricity. Kharkiv is a city with a population of over 1 million. • Donetsk region: according to the mayor of Mariupol, the critical infrastructure of the city was destroyed after the Russian air attack, all boiler houses of the city were without electricity. As of 20:30 on February 28, 41,229 consumers remain without electricity. For the third time, the power supply to 7,000 consumers in Krasnohorivka has been restored. • Zaporizhia region: as of 18 pm on February 28, 20,504 consumers were cut off the electricity supply, and on the same day the supply of about 10,000 consumers was restored; • Luhansk region: as of 12:30 pm on February 28, 248 (+41) transformer substations were cut off, 22,258 (+4743) consumers were without electricity. As of 15:00 on the same day, 28 transformer substations were repaired and electricity supply to about 5,000 consumers was restored; • Kyiv region: as of February 28, electricity supply was restored in 8 settlements for more than 5,000 consumers. Sources: The alerts are developed based on collected, verified, and analyzed information reports of over 100 official sources: ministries, state agencies, network operators, and energy companies. Information was collected only from official websites and official social media accounts.