FRONTIER CONFLICT AND THE NATIVE MOUNTED POLICE IN QUEENSLAND Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Creek) [Camp] Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Creek) NMP camp information Label Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Creek) Display geometry [(152.5, -25.8), (152.6, -25.7)] GDA94 Comments Frederick Walker and Richard Marshall were in Maryborough in 1851/52, but there was no permanent NMP presence until after 1853: "I left the Wide Bay district on the 20th January and Mr Marshall remained with nine men of the 1st Section to protect that district—He has no European sergeant with him." SLNSW A967 1852 Letter from Frederick Walker to Colonial Secretary 1 March 1852, Volume 097, Business letters; and correspondence of Frederick Walker, Commandant, Native Police, 1851-1855, ca. 1863) Barracks intended to be constructed in 1852 could not be because the cost was prohibitive: "sum allowed in 1852 being £50 and lowest at which they can now be done is £250" (QSL 1853 Letter from Frederick Walker to Colonial Secretary 21 April, NSW Colonial Secretary Letters Relating to Moreton Bay and Queensland 1822– 1860, Reel A2.27) ‘Maryborough not central enough for Native Police Station but frequently visited by patrols’ (Letters relating to Moreton Bay & Queensland: A2 series – Reel A2.26, Letter from Frederick Walker Commandant Native Police to Colonial Secretary 6 April 1853). It is unclear where these patrols camped, but it was presumably on the Government reserve at Tiaro. Even after this date NMP presence was sporadic: A letter to the newspaper claimed that for four months in late 1855/early 1856 there was no o cer at the camp, as a consequence of which the troopers deserted (People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator, 3 May 1856, p7). This situation did not change until March/April 1856: 'As regards Halloran's statement of the non-appearance of any of the Native Police at Wide Bay, Morisset [in May 1856] wrote that six troopers under the command of Acting Sub-Lieutenant Irving had for the previous four weeks been stationed at Wide Bay and doing duty in its vicinity’ (Skinner 1975:222). In 1855 E.T. Aldridge complained that the NMP had been disbanded 'of whom 9 or 10 have lately been turned adrift upon us' (E.T. Aldridge to Governor General 23 December 1855, Letters relating to Moreton Bay & Queensland: A2 series – Reel A2.35). Note that NMP troopers were also stationed separately at Tinana in 1854 with Arthur Halloran, the Commissioner of Crown Lands, before an NMP camp proper was established (QSL 1854 Disposal of the 10 Sections of Native Police 27 July, NSW Colonial Secretary Letters Relating to Moreton Bay and Queensland 1822–1860, Reel A2.30). Tiaro was the rst camp on the Mary River and was followed by the Cooper's Plains (Owanyilla) barracks slightly further (~6 miles) to the north (see separate entry). Neither was in Maryborough proper. Cooper's Plains was also the site of a Government Reserve. 'TIARO CK/CHINAMAN'S CK: A little below the wharf are the picturesque 'Furber's Falls,' named after a man Furber, who, with his father-in-law or son-in law, I forget which — a head stone in the Cemetery at the 'Old Township,' will tell the story — was killed by a blackfellow, Minné-Minné, while cutting timber on Tinana Creek. Minné was hunted for his life for years by the Native Police, whose head quarters or barracks were then on Chinaman's or Tiaro Creek, (not far from where the railway station is to be) before their removal to Cooper's Plains or Owanyilla.' (Maryborough Chronicle, Wide Bay and Burnett Advertiser 18 April 1878, p2) In 1857 E.V. Morisset had his o ce (the o ce of the Commandant, but also the Headquarters of the NMP) at West Maryborough (the original township site), separate to the NMP camp. He noted: 'I have already made preparation to place one or two orderlies at my o ce at West Maryboro to be at all times ready to communicate with the Camp' (QSA282454 1857 Letter from Edric Morisset to Committee of Public Works July, Letterbook NP 1857–1859, M lm 2437). He then applied for permission to build a new Commandant's o ce at the Government Reserve at Cooper's Plains. In early 1858 the Government ordered the removal of NMP Headquarters from Maryborough to Brisbane, which meant that the Secretary of the NMP removed to Brisbane, but the Commandant and a detachment remained in Maryborough at Cooper's Plains (QSA282454 1858 Letter from F.B. Hampton to Government Resident 21 April, Letterbook NP 1857–185, M lm 2437) (see separate entry for COOPER'S PLAINS). 'WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER, 22ND, 1858. Maryborough, Wide Bay.—IMPORTANT SALE OF TOWN LANDS. MESSRS DOWZER & PURSER HAS received instructions from Mr. W. ALLEN, of the Native Police, who is leaving the district ...' (Moreton Bay Courier 27 November 1858, p3) 'Although Gayndah is more central, you believe that Maryborough combines more advantages? Yes; I recommend it because Tiaro is only 14 miles distance from Maryborough, and that is the rst ford up the Mary River; the Police therefore could command each side of the river, as occasion required.' (Richard Purvis Marshall 10 December 1856, NSW Legislative Assembly 1857 Native Police Force. Report from the Select Committee on the Native Police Force Together with the Proceedings of the Committee and Minutes of Evidence:online) Other names Lower Mary; Maryborough; Tiaro; Wide Bay; SEE ALSO COOPER'S PLAINS Earliest known date 1855 Latest known date 1858 Detachment transfers "Eight or more" troopers recruited from the Condamine sent here in January 1858 (Moreton Bay Courier, 16 January 1858, p2 ), presumably to replace the detachment that deserted in December 1857 (see below) Minimum duration of camp/NMP presence 3 Desertions Billy Le Bot (1855) All of the section bar two in 1856? (People's Advocate and New South Wales Vindicator, 3 May 1856, p7) 10 in 1857 (North Australian, Ipswich and General Advertiser 15 December 1857, p4:'P.S. — News has just reached that all the troopers (blacks) of the Wide Bay division are bolted ten days ago, so we may look for more outrages. It is believed the bolting is pretty general all around, for yesterday and to-day natives that are known to belong to the Leichhardt and Port Curtis divisions are with a number of strange bush blacks now in Gayndah.' [North Australian, Ipswich and General Advertiser 15 December 1857, p4]); ' There was one o cer of Native Police in Maryborough another at the Barracks a few miles out with one or two Sergeants (the troopers having absconded)' (QSA17616 1857 Letter from Henry Cox Cor eld to Colonial Secretary 21 November, Letters addressed to the Government Resident by the Colonial Secretary, Sydney, on the Native Police 1849–1858) Description of camp layout and/or structures '22. What is the nature of the building near Maryborough? I have never been up to the police camp. The troopers' buildings are made of bark and slabs of the rudest description.' (E. B. Uhr, 23 July 1858, Legislative Assembly of NSW Report from the Select Committee on Murders by Aborigines on the Dawson River: 51) Location Described as the upper Mary. Tiaro – location of the railway station?: 'Frequently the native police came in force and camped on the reserve where the railway station and workshops now are.' (Gympie Times and Mary River Mining Gazette 7 October 1905, p3). '31. Are there barracks now erected at Maryborough? I do not know; I believe the station is at Tyro Lagoon, about sixteen miles up the river.' (William Butler Tooth, 23 June 1858, Legislative Assembly of NSW Report from the Select Committee on Murders by Aborigines on the Dawson River: 28) '5. Have not the head-quarters of the Native Police Force been stationed at Maryborough? About eight miles from Maryborough, on the south side of the river.' (E. B. Uhr, 23 July 1858, Legislative Assembly of NSW Report from the Select Committee on Murders by Aborigines on the Dawson River: 51) Documents 15 entries Title Text File Tools Title Text File Tools Courier, 25 June 1863, p2 MARYBOROUGH ... On the right bank of the Mary 43 farms, from 30 to 80 acres, part of them on navigable water, and of the very nest description. The native police reserve, for ultimate conversion into a township—a splendid site—good, soil, and well watered—fronting on Tinana Creek and the River Mary, both navigable. The Brisbane main road will pass through the centre of the reserve. Moreton Bay Courier, 11 August THE BLACKS AGAIN.—Another attack by the blacks was made 1858, p4 on Thursday morning last, at the pit of Michael Landrigan, at the One-Mile Hill, distant about a mile from West Maryborough. Landrigan, who was the party attacked in the rst instance, only saw one blackfellow, who commenced by throwing nullah nullahs at him, and while endeavoring to ward o or escape these missiles, the miscreant threw a tomahawk, which Landrigan received in the hand, which is laid completely open. After-wards two spears were thrown at him, one of which struck him as he was stooping down in an attempt to reach his gun out of the sawpit. The spear struck him on the top of the shoulder, glancing down over the blade bone, and the point came out about six inches below where it entered. Landrigan broke o the spear, and got hold of his gun, on which the blackfellow made o . The wounds have since been dressed by Dr. Palmer, who extracted a piece of the spear, ve and a half inches long, out of the man's shoulder. He is now doing well. It is high time something was done to teach these blacks a lesson that they will not easily forget. It cannot be expected that the few constables we have are capable of keeping the bush clear of the murderous wretches, and the native police, so far as we are concerned, is a farce. Maryborough was some time back the head-quarters of the force, and is now supposed to have the protection of a division; but owing to some cause or other, there is scarcely ever more than one trooper at the camp. And last year, when some representations were made on the subject, the commandant very cavalierly assured us that he considered it no part of his duty to provide for the safety of Maryborough. It is earnestly to be hoped that the events continually occurring will lead to the organization of an e cient force. The present one so far, in the opinion of every person with whom I have ever met, is considered a dead failure. Title Text File Tools Moreton Bay Courier, 16 NATIVE POLICE — We understand that a party of eight or more January 1858, p2  drilled black troopers are daily expected from Wide Bay, when they will be placed under the command of Lieut. Williams, who enlisted them on the Condamine, and with whom they will stationed in some locality where the blacks are most numerous and troublesome. It is probable they will be sent to the Pine River. People's Advocate and New To the Editor of the People's Advocate. South Wales Vindicator, 3 May Maryborough, 2nd April, 1856. 1856, p7 Sir— On account of me being a resident of the district of Wide Bay I wish to place a few lines in your most valuable columns, respecting the way in which the Native Police have been neglected. In October last Lieut. Bligh left here, and for the space of four months the police were without an o cer; in fact, they were mixed with the wild blacks at the Bunyia; indeed, this was partly a matter of compulsion, they having little or no rations at their barracks for some time : they were compelled to forage for a living. At last an o cer arrives; but now they had become too sti -necked, and would not bend it to their superior. I understand the whole section have taken the bush in earnest, with the exception of two. I wish to ask whose fault this is. Is it the fault of the squatter who is daily getting his cattle and sheep killed, stores and drays robbed, and even men murdered? Is it for this the squatter is compelled to pay the extra assessment? The blacks have been for some time in this district unbearable; but what will they be now they have got these police to lead them? Why, we may expect to be hunted out of the district. Hoping you will excuse this intrusion on your space. I remain, yours &c., A SUBSCRIBER. Title Text File Tools QSA17616 1857 Letter from "Copy" Edric Morisset to John Tiaro 11th June 1857 Wickham 11 June, Letters Sir addressed to the Government I do myself the honor to report the desertion of the trooper Resident by the Colonial named in the margin [written in margin: Tr Steby] from this Secretary, Sydney, on the Native place on the 5th instant. He belongs to the Burnett District and Police, Mﬁlm 1494 has I believe returned there. I beg to state that a feeling of discontent persists amongst the Troopers of my Division who came from the Murray in consequence of intelligence having reached them that some of their countrymen who were employed in the Native Police at Port Curtis have been allowed to return to their country and I have had the greatest di cult in preventing their leaving in a body for the purpose of joining them and altho they have promised to remain I do not think they can be depended on. In the event of their leaving I do myself the honor to request that I may be informed as to what steps I am to take to replace them. I have the honor to be Sir Your obedt servt (signed) EV Morisset Lieut Native Police The Government Resident Brisbane Title Text File Tools QSA17616 1857 Letter from Tiaroo 12th Feb 1857 Edric Morisset to John Sir Wickham 12 February, Letters I do myself the honor to inform you that some time ago I addressed to the Government received instructions from the Inspector General of Police to Resident by the Colonial move the Head Quarters of main camp of the 2nd Division of Secretary, Sydney, on the Native Native Police from Traylan to a more eligible locality, and on Police, Mﬁlm 1494 recommending the place where we now are, was authorised to erect a paddock & buildings [crossed out: for housing of the men & horses]. It has lately come to my knowledge that this land has been advertised for sale, notwithstanding the favourable report of the Commissioner of Crown Lands [crossed out: for] the district [crossd out: seen] as being a tting place for a reserve for Native Police purposes. In order that we may at once proceed with the necessary buildings I have the honor to request that this reserve may be con rmed by the Government. I have the honor to be Sir &c &c &c [signed] EV Morisset The Government Resident Brisbane Title Text File Tools QSA17616 1857 Letter from Maryborough Edric Morisset to John July 18th 1857 Wickham 18 July, Letters Sir, addressed to the Government Referring to your communication of 25th June No 67/325 , Resident by the Colonial informing me that you had placed the sum of £150 to the Secretary, Sydney, on the Native credit of my public acct for the purpose of meeting the Police, Mﬁlm 1494 contingent expenses of the Wide Bay and Burnett Division of Native Police for the months of February and March 1857, I do myself the honor to inform you that I have placed 2nd Lieutenant Ferguson in command of that division, and I have this day transferred the above sum to the credit of his public account at the Bank of New South Wales Sydney. I have the honor to be Sir Your most obedient servant [signed] EV Morisset Commndt Native Police The Government Resident Moreton Bay Title Text File Tools QSA17616 1857 Letter from Extract Henry Cox Corﬁeld to Colonial Secretary 21 November, Letters Stanton Harcourt Wide Bay addressed to the Government 21 Novr 1857 Resident by the Colonial Secretary, Sydney, on the Native The Honorable Police 1849–1858 The Colonial Secretary Sir In response to my communication of the 15th August, reporting an outrage by the Aborigines on my station on the 1st August, and complaining of a dereliction of duty on the part of the Commandant, Mr Morisset states his reason for not turning aside was "that he had ordered the o cers of the District to visit my Station and enquire into the matter forthwith". I now do myself the honor to inform you that the o cers of the District (Lieut Phibbs) passed here on the 14 or 15th of September without calling. On the 19th (or seven weeks after the attack) he returned & called here at the instigation of a neighbour who told him the blacks were again threatening my run. He then distinctly told me he had no orders from the Commandant to take any steps to punish the perpetrators of the late outrage & acted accordingly by not visiting the locality where the murderers and despoilers were said to be. An attack was made by the blacks on the 14 Inst upon Mr James Walker, at Mr McPhail's Station near Maryborough from whom he received of number of wounds one of which from a spear in the breast nearly proved fatal. There was one o cer of Native Police in Maryborough another at the Barracks a few miles out with one or two Sergeants (the troopers having absconded) yet when I left Maryborough on the 19th Instant, the Station had not been visited by the Police or was such a necessary step then in contemplation. Signed H. W. Cor eld Title Text File Tools QSA17616 1857 Letter from No 12/57 John Murray to John Wickham Stanton Harcourt 9 March, Letters addressed to Wide Bay the Government Resident by the March 9th / 57 Colonial Secretary, Sydney, on Sir the Native Police, Mﬁlm 1494 I do myself the honor to request that you will cause to be forwarded me by the earliest possible opportunity the saddlery applied for in a former letter [written in margin: 15 saddles, 15 bridles, 15 saddle cloths] in consequence of the continued rains since I left Gladstone the saddles I have at present in use are almost un t for service and of course impede any progress on account of the injury they do the horses. I may explain that I intended having them repaired at Maryboro' but being pressed for time I would have been detained too long. I have the honor to be Sir Your most obedient servant [signed] John Murray Lieut 1st Divsion The Government Resident Moreton Bay QSA86133 1854 Letter from Traylan May 19th Richard Marshall to 1854 Commandant 19 May, General correspondence records of the Comt N. Police Native Police 1848–1857, Mﬁlm Callandoon 2435 Sir I have the honor to State for your information that the Bullock driver Wm Hammond arrived this evening from Maryborough. [In margin: ‘Wm Hammond’] 2. Would you be so kind as to furnish me with instructions as to how the postal communication between this place and Port Curtis is to be carried out. 3. Troopers Rinaldo and Timothy are escorting sheep to Port Curtis. I have now in Barracks only three men t for duty, who will be employed immediately as an escort for Messrs Hays cattle, they are expected daily. Title Text File Tools 4. Trooper Conway arrived here from Burrandowan on Tuesday last, he is totally un t for duty. 5. Acting Adjt Dolan has gone to inspect the detachments stationed at Tinana and Yabber. 6. No ammunition was landed at Maryborough. 7. I have received a written complaint from Mr Commissioner Halloran against Corporal Larry having left his detachment contrary to orders; I wrote you sometime since asking for information as to how the detachment at Tinana was to be employed, I have as yet received no answer from you; from a letter to Mr Halloran it appears to me that he is under a mistake as to the purpose for which a detachment of Native Police was placed under his orders. I have shown your letter to Acting Adjutant Dolan and given him written instructions to remove the detachment from Tinana if your wishes have not been carried out. From a private note received from Mr Halloran it would appear that he has taken Trooper Rodney to Brisbane with him as an orderly. 9. Lieut. Murray has not sent an escort in from Port Curtis since 9th April. 10. I forward you Mr Commissioner Halloran’s correspondence relative to Corporal Larry, who accompanies Sub Lt Fortescue to Callandoon. I have the honor to be Sir Your obt Servant R.P. Marshall 1st Lt N. Police Title Text File Tools QSA86137 1857 Letter from Native Police Barracks, John Murray to James Harris 1 Port Curtis. August, Papers re Work of 1st August 1857 Native Police in the Port Curtis District, Gladstone 1853–1858, Sir Mﬁlm 2434 I have the honor to request, that on your arrival here, you will furnish me with an explanation as to your conduct in not reporting yourself to me, sooner, according to instructions given you by the Commandant. Six weeks have now elapsed since your arrival at Wide Bay, a period far exceeding the time usually occupied in travelling a distance of 160 miles. 2. 2nd Lieunt. Carr has instructions from me, as to your further movements. I have the honor to be Sir Your most obed’t Serv’t [signed] John Murray Lieut N.M. Police Lieut Harris N.M. Police QSL 1853 Letter from Frederick The Commandant Native Police to the Honble the Colonial Walker to Colonial Secretary 21 Secretary explanatory of the Estimate proposed for that Force April, NSW Colonial Secretary for 1854 Letters Relating to Moreton Bay and Queensland 1822–1860, Traylan 21st April Reel A2.27 1853 To the Honble The Colonial Secretary Sir I have the honor to o er the following explanations for the Estimate for 1854. I have placed 4 Sub Lieutenants at £120 & £30 in lieu of Forage, 2. I have put the Sergeant Major at £100 and 2/- per diem in lieu of provisions. The accompanying letter from him will explain my reason. 3. I have put the Serjeants at £50 & 2/- per diem in lieu of Forage because it is impossible that I can procure t men if Title Text File Tools they are not to be paid as much as a common constable. 4. The return of Arms and ammunition may perhaps not be quite correct for I have no returns from Lieutt Fulford. 5. I trust that these additions may be sanctioned for I fear that neither my present O cers nor myself will long be able to bear up against the great fatigue mislaid[?] upon us through the want of Subalterns. I have the honor to Remain Sir Your most obedt Lieut Frederick Walker Commandant Native Police [Enclosures] ESTIMATE of the Probable Expense of the Department for the Year 1854 PARTICULARS OF Authorised Proposed Increase Decrease EXPENSES for the for the for the for the Year 1853 Year Year Year 1854 1854 1854 SALARIES Commandant 400 400 Two Lieutenants 440 440 @ £220 2 Lieutenants @ 414 414 £207 1 Serjeant Major 60 100 40 4 Subllieutenants 480 480 @£120 8 Serjeants @£50 320 400 80 108 Troopers @ 492-15 494-15 -/3d Title Text File Tools TOTAL SALARIES 2126-15 2726-15 600 ALLOWANCES In lieu of Forage Commandant 4 150- 270 120 Lieutenants & 4 Sublieutenants @ £30 In lieu of provision 328-10 328-10 to Serjeant Major & 8 Serjeants @ 2/- 108 Troopers 2628 3628 @1/4d TOTAL 3106-10 3226-10 120 ALLOWANCES Amount carried 5233-5 5953-5 720 forward PARTICULARS Authorised Proposed Increase Decrease for the for the for the for the Year 1853 Year Year Year 1854 1854 1854 CONTINGENCIES Buildings 400 400 Furniture Stationery Provision, Fuel 730 936 206 and Light, Clothing and Forage Stores Saddlery 170 120 50 Title Text File Tools Special Items, not 1060 1140 120 40 included under any of the foregoing heads Arms and 80 400 320 Ammunition DEPARTMENT of Native Police RETURN OF BUILDINGS—This ought to exhibit, 1st—All Buildings under your immediate charge, or appropriate to your Department, specifying the state of repair of each, and whether or not it be su cient for the purposes for which it is intended; 2nd—Any Buildings or alterations in Buildings, which may have been before applied for, or recommended by you or which you may now consider necessary, distinguishing whether they have been sanctioned or not, and if sanctioned, by what Department, and a ording any information in your power as to their probable cost; 3rd—Any Buildings or Works in progress, reporting the state to which they may be advanced, and their probably time of their completion PARTICULARS OF Authorised Proposed Increase Decrease EXPENSES for the for the for the for the Year 1853 Year Year Year 1854 1854 1854 Callandoon Wandai Gumbal Traylan Barracks & Sgt 200 200 Major's hut are completed, an armoury, Lt's[?] hut a stockyard, Blacksmith shop required Wide Bay Title Text File Tools These Barracks 200 200 have not been begun the sum allowed in 1852 being only £50 and the lowest at which they can be now done is £250 TOTAL 400 400 DEPARTMENT OF [Blank] PROVISIONS, &c—This will contain, in distinct items, a statement of the Provisions, the Fuel and LIght; the Forage, and the Clothing to be supplied to your Department, shewing the rates, probably prices, and total expense of each PARTICULARS Authorised Proposed Increase Decrease OF EXPENSE for the for the for the for the Year 1853 Year 1854 Year 1854 Year 1854 Clothing 117 men 730 936 206 probably rate for 1854 £8 each DEPARTMENT OF Native Police RETURN OF STORES—In this are to be inserted all Articles of Bedding, Utensils and other Stores, usually obtained through the Colonial Architect or Colonial Storekeeper, and not in the Return of Buildings, Furniture, Stationery, Provisions or Arms and Ammunition PARTICULARS Authorised Proposed Increase Decrease OF EXPENSE for the for the for the for the Year 1853 Year 1854 Year 1854 Year 1854 Saddlery 170 120 50 DEPARTMENT OF Native Police Title Text File Tools RETURN OF SPECIAL—In some Departments, it has occasionally become necessary to incur special expenses not properly falling under any of the foregoing heads; all such are to be detailed, with the reasons for these, in a separate Return PARTICULARS Authorised Proposed Increase Decrease OF EXPENSE for the for the for the for the Year 1853 Year 1854 Year 1854 Year 1854 Medical 150-0-0 200-0-0 50 attendance and Medicine Purchase of 340 300 40 Horses Horse 140 140 Shoeing Repairs of 20 50 30 saddlery Incidental 150 150 expenses Forage for 12 200 240 40 Horses Hopples 60 60 TOTAL 1060 1140 120 40 DEPARTMENT OF [Blank} RETURN OF ARMS AND AMMUNITION—This is applicable only to the Department of Police, and is to exhibit, for the year 1854, the same particulars as are given in the ordinary Half- yearly Returns. PARTICULARS Nu,mber Serviceable Unserviceable Required on hand for 1854 Carbines 116 169 7 12 Title Text File Tools Bayonets Scabbards Worms for Rammers Muzzle Stoppers Pistols 144 138 6 12 Wiping Rods (Pistol) Cases Powder Keys for ditto Spare 24 24 12 Nipples Three-arm 8 8 4 Nipple Wrenches Lock Cramps 4 4 4 Ponchos 108 104 4 8 Belts for 108 104 4 8 ditto, with Frogs Slings for 108 100 8 16 Carbines Ball 10,000 10,000 10,000 Cartridges Carbine Blank 12,000 12000 12000 Title Text File Tools cartridges Loose Balls Swords & 116 110 6 12 belts Percussion 24,000 24,000 24,000 Caps [Notes in margin: ''Proposed Additions. 4 Sub Lieutenants at £120 per ann to £480 £30 each in lieu of Forage—120. Increase to the pay of the Serjeant Major from £60 to £100 - 40 8 Sergeants from £40 to £50 each 80 £720' 'Approved 13th CAF' 'Auditor General Blank Cover May 14.53'] QSL 1854 Disposal of the 10 [NOTE: This is the attachment to QSL 1854 Letter from Sections of Native Police 27 Frederick Walker to Colonial Secretary 27 July, NSW Colonial July, NSW Colonial Secretary Secretary Letters Relating to Moreton Bay and Queensland Letters Relating to Moreton Bay 1822–1860, Reel A2.30] and Queensland 1822–1860, Reel A2.30 Station Section O cer Remarks Wandai Gumbal No 2 Lieutt Fulford Section do Irving 1 Native Sub do Nicoll Serjeant 2 do Corporal 8 do Troopers do No 6 1 Native Serjeant 1 do do Corporal 10 " Waiting for the Title Text File Tools Troopers arrival of the No 10 Commandant 5" Troopers Callandoon No 6 S[?] Commandant 1 Native Assisting in Corporal drilling new recruits No 4 1 Native trooper Orderly to Commandant No 10 4 Native troopers Start on Monday 31st July for Wandai gumbal En route No 9 SubLieutt Supposed to 12 Native Fortescue have arrived at troopers Traylan on the14th No 1 1 do do Acting Serjeant do No 5 Serjeant To join Lieut 2 Native Graham Morrisset at troopers Grafton the Serjeant then[?] No 8 returns to 1 Native Wandai Gumbal trooper Acting Corporal to return with Serjeant Graham do No 4 Serjeant A. To join their 1Native Walker Section at Corporal Traylan Title Text File Tools 1 do trooper 119 men The death of one man at Traylan causes the de ciency of 1 Supernumeraries 2 The orderlies Commandants 2 and Lieut Postmen Marshall carrying Gayndah and Port Curtis mail Frederick Walker, Commandant Statement of the disposal of the Ten Sections New South Wales Native Police 27 July 1854 Station Section O cer Remarks Port Curtis No 1 Lieutt 1 Native Murray Serjeant Sergt 2“ Humphrey Corporals do John 7“ Bungaree Troopers Ordered to join this Section No 10 2“ Troopers Traylan No 4 Lieutt 1 Native Marshall To join the Corporal Commandant 4 do Leichhardt District troopers Title Text File Tools Invalids 3 troopers No 10 In charge of drays &c 1 trooper Rannes No 3 Sublieut ] 1 Native Keen ] Serjeant ] Ordered to Traylan 2 do ] Corporals 7 do troopers Lower No 7 Sublieutt ] Burnett 1 Native RG Walker ] Serjeant To relieve No 3 at 2 do Rannes Corporals ] 7 do ] troopers Maryborough No 4 4 Native To join their Section at troopers Traylan Yabber No 8 J. O. Bligh This Sections stationed 2 Native Sublieutt in the Bunya country Corporals and overlooks[?] both 10 do the Moreton & Wide troopers Bay Districts Clarence No 5 Lieutt One Corporal's 1 Native Morisset subdivision has been Serjeant Serjeant R. sent to the Macleay 1 do Dempster under Serjeant Corporal Dempster 8[?] do troopers QSL 1857 Letter from Edric From the Commandant of the Native Mounted Police Force to Morisset to Colonial Secretary the Honorable the Colonial Secretary, relative to a 19 June, NSW Colonial Title Text File Tools Secretary Letters Relating to Moreton Bay and Queensland supplementary Return for the Erection or hire of a Building, to 1822–1860, Reel A2.41 be used as O ces Store Rooms for the services of the said Force, with private apartments for the Secretary as O cer in Charge, likewise additional Stores &c required for the Force and omitted in Estimate of 1857. O ce of Inspector General of Police Sydney, June 19th 1857 Sir, I have the honor to submit for your approval a Supplementary Estimate for the Erection of a Building to be used as O ces and Store Rooms for the service of the Native Mounted Police Force, with private apartments for the residence of the Secretary as O cer in Charge. Likewise additional stores as detailed in the separate Return for that purpose and which have been omitted in the Estimate of 1857. It is absolutely necessary for the Service that the supply of Stores be immediately granted in order to fully equip the Troopers about to be roused according to the strength of the Estimate passed for 1857, and as these and similar stores will from time to time be received and used when required for the use of the Force, it is equally necessary that a Building be provided to contain them. O cers are likewise necessary for the conduct of the general business of the Force, and it has therefore been considered desirable to add apartments for the use of the Secretary as the Responsible O cer in Charge of this Department. From personal experience I am convinced that great losses have been occasioned to the Government by the waste and damage of stores and provisions through the want of a proper Building for this purpose, and respectfully recommend its immediate erection – In the interim or should it be considered advisable that such item be charged to the Estimates for the ensuing year – I beg to request your permission to hire some appropriate building and charge the same to the Incidental expenses of the present year—Yes the ultimate possession of premises of this description at the immediate Head quarters of the Force is in every point of view desirable; as much inconvenience would arise were they any distance from the Main Camp, and at the present time none are to be obtained Title Text File Tools beyond the Township, in which it would be objectionable to Quarter the Troopers. I have the honor to be Sir Your obedient servant E V Morisset Commdt Native Police To the Honorable the Colonial Secretary [Notes in margin: 'An oversight has been committed in not providing for these services in the Estimates of last Session— The sum must I apprehend be included in the Suppy Estimates for the present year; and in the mean time the authority of the Executive Council will be necessary for any necessary expenditure in anticipation. Request Mr McLerie to report in the rst instance. HWP. BC 23rd June'] [Attachment] Establishment of Native Mounted Police Force Supplementary RETURN of the Probable Expenditure on Account of BUILDINGS for the Year 1858 Particulars. Buildings, viz: A building of su cient size to contain O ces for the Commandant and Secretary, Store Rooms for clothing, Saddlery and other Stores, Private Apartments for residence of Secretary and O cer in Charge. Amount: 250.0.0. Remarks: A great waste and damage of clothing, stores etc has always occurred through the want of such building. Total. £250.0.0. Establishment of Native Mounted Police Force Supplementary RETURN of the Probable Expenditure on Account of STORES for the Year 1857 Particulars / amounts / remarks Stores viz: Blankets, Title Text File Tools Clothing [Blank] Arms. Viz: Thirty (30) carbines at £2.15.0 | 82.10.0 Sixty (60) pistols £2.2.0 | 126.0.0 Ammunition viz. [Blank] Saddlery viz. Sixty (60) Saddles complete, at £5.5.0 | 315.0.0 Sixty (60) Bridles do. do. 15.0 | 45.0.0 Ten (10) Pack Saddles do. £3.10.0 | 35.0.0 One Hundred (100) Hobbles at 2p each | 10.0.0 Accoutrements. One Hundred (100) Belts at 4/0 | 20.0.0 One Hundred (100) Pouches do 3/6 | 17.10.0 Other Stores. [Blank] TOTAL = £651.0.0 Sydney Morning Herald, 19 The other case of murder alluded to was that of a man named January 1858, p3 Marno, and the following are the circumstances attending it, as they came out in evidence: — Several bullock-drivers, including the prisoner, were encamped, with their teams, at a creek distant about twelve miles from Maryborough, and among them was a German, who was travelling from the interior to that town. Some rum was drunk at the camping ground, and it was proved that neither the prisoner nor the German who met his death at his hands were at the time the occurrence happened in a sober state. The prisoner and the deceased were heard under the former's dray talking and laughing in a friendly manner, and in the course of their intimacy the German bought a dog from the prisoner, which, however, it turned out, the latter had no right to sell. The price of the dog was 6s., which was paid to the prisoner. Subsequently, the deceased, intending to walk to Maryborough that night, went across the creek to take leave of the other men, previously demanding and obtaining the return of the money, as he was not allowed to take away the dog. In the interim the prisoner Title Text File Tools went to his dray, some forty or fty yards distant, and returned with a gun, with which he shot the deceased, exclaiming as the latter dropped, "My God, what have I done." The ball entered the front of the skull and came out at the back of the head, and there was also another ori ce below the eye. In the opinion of the medical man who examined the body, death must have been instantaneous. It was proved that the gun was not presented in the usual manner, but held in a sloping direction with the butt-end resting on the thigh. After the commission of the deed the prisoner ed, but he was captured shortly afterwards about 400 yards from the spot, concealed in long grass, with a green sapling bent down over his person, by Lieutenant Williams, of the Native Police. The witnesses gave the prisoner the character of being a quiet ino ensive man, and the last person whom they would suspect of doing such an act. The jury after a short absence returned a verdict of manslaughter, and the prisoner was sentenced to three years' hard labour on the roads. In both these cases the fatal result may, as usual be, traced to the agency of alcohol. Had there been no rum keg at this bullock-drivers' encampment on Twelve-mile Creek, in all probability no human being would have been hurried, in a state of inebriety, with all his imperfections on his head, into the presence of his Maker, nor would another have been placed on his trial for his life Events 1 entry Event name Day Year Nature of Description Tools and event month Event name Day Year Nature of Description Tools and event month Attack on Europeans/others 1857 Attack on ‘[No. killed or wounded] During the - unnamed men on Iveragh Europeans/others time Morisset and Marshall station (1857) commanded … 2 men at Carlo O'Connel's.’ (Moreton Bay Courier, 6 March 1858, p2) "the ***nt alluded to in my letter of date ***th inst is too true. The Blacks it appears murdered two of Mr Carlo O'Connell's men at a sheep station two miles from Mr Tolson's head station" (QSA17616 1857 Letter from John Murray to John Wickham 9 March, Letters addressed to the Government Resident by the Colonial Secretary, Sydney, on the Native Police, M lm 1494) Postings 6 entries O cer/Trooper Earliest Latest Camp Tools Williams, Evan Griﬃth (also spelt Ewan 1858 Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Gryffydh) Creek) Phibbs, Charles Hamilton 1857 1858 Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Creek) Irving, Samuel James Crummer 1856 1857 Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Creek) Murray, John 1855 Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Creek) Allan (also spelt Allen), William 1858 Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Creek) Bligh, John O’Connell 1855 Mary River (Tiaro/Chinaman's Creek) References 2 entries Author Date Chapter Book/Journal Title Page Tools Title/Journal numbers Article Title NSW 1857 Native Police Force. Report from the Select Committee Legislative on the Native Police Force; Together with the Assembly Proceedings of the Committee and Minutes of Evidence. NSW 1858 Report from the Select Committee on Murders by the Legislative Aborigines on the Dawson River; Together with the Assembly Proceedings of the Committee and Minutes of Evidence, and Appendix.