August 2022 Issue 06 9 FREE LIVESTOCK FEED RECORD SHEET TEMPLATE 15 LIVESTOCK MANAGEMENT SYSTEM – NEW TTFD PRODUCT 4 FREE Broiler Management Training 18 Crop Management Systems 11 Importance in the role of Bees Contents 3 Editors Note 4 Uses of Cinnamon 4 5 Broiler Management Training 6 Know Your Survival Knots 10 7 Plant-Based Medicine 8 Crop Management Systems 9 9 Growing Micro Greens 10 Livestock Feed Record Sheet 12 11 Miniature Greenhouse 12 All about Bonsmara Cattle 13 The Importance of Bees 14 Science Experiment For Kids 15 Alpha Bonsmara Cattle Auction 16 3-Year Crop Rotation Guide 17 17 Agricolleges Online Courses 20 Brain Twisters 21 Livestock Management System 13 “Together we can share knowledge, and feed our Nation” Issue 6 – August 2022 EDITORS NOTE Jerileigh du Preez Temo Thuo Farmers Directory Founder (+267) 754 84 559 email@example.com Dear Readers, It’s time to bring into being a new future, feeding the world, caring for the earth. My heart is very passionate about our planet, animals and mother earth. In this edition of the Temo Thuo Farmers Directory Magazine, we will be shining a Our well-being solely depends on this light on the importance of bees, and the planet which gives food and water to all uses of natural plants. We are also giving living things, so it is our responsibility to away a FREE livestock feeding record take care of it. sheet to keep track of your costs. I believe that a clean environment is TTFD is announcing a NEW product in essential for healthy living, and this edition, which is a livestock enhancing our relationship with nature. management system for cattle, sheep, and goats. It is our duty to protect our earth, because caring for our earth means I certainly hope this issue highlights maintaining the existence of living beings some interesting agricultural news. and our future generations. We are in search of creative solutions as I trust that every reader shall thoroughly well as inspiration for readers to set enjoy our 6th issue of this magazine goals and become the new era of under the Temo Thuo Farmers Directory. entrepreneurs. Jerileigh du Preez 3 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 ants or mosquitoes, and it even gets rid of wild mushrooms. Cinnamon is a very cheap and easily available alternative for growth hormones. It is advised to dry your cuttings before using cinnamon as growth hormones. Heal your plants by using cinnamon, if you have wounded plants which is prone to catching a fungal infection, by covering the wounded area. Get rid of furry pests like rabbits, squirrels, and moles who love hanging out in vegetable gardens and destroying garden beds. Sprinkle cinnamon around your garden, where the pests would breathe the cinnamon in (it will not kill them or cause any permanent damage) but it would cause irritation in AMAZING USES OF their nose and mouth which would ultimately cancel CINNAMON IN YOUR their frequent visits to your garden. GARDEN THIS SUMMER Fight fungal infections on your plants. If you see fungus Cinnamon is a bark that is mainly used growing on either the stem of the leaves, here is what in the kitchen to enhance the taste you can do: Take 2-3 tablespoons of powdered and aroma of food. Cinnamon has so cinnamon and mix it in 1-2 quarters of warm water. many medical properties and it is also Mix these two ingredients in a bottle of spray. Let it sit used in the health industry, beauty in water for one night. industry, and simple household After one night, strain it and use the water as an purposes. With all these medical antifungal spray. Spray the water on affected areas of benefits, did you know that cinnamon plants twice a week. is also great for your garden? Get rid of flying bugs by investing in cinnamon oil which Cinnamon is an easy to find spice that you can use as a spray, but the powder would also do you can pick up at just about any the trick. You can also mix cinnamon with honey and grocery store. Although it’s not the apply the paste onto the area to relieve the itch of any cheapest spice, it’s also not the most big bite. expensive – and when compared to many other garden treatments, like Not only is cinnamon good for your garden, but it also rooting hormones, it’s totally has a long history of use in traditional medicine in affordable. various parts of the world, including China, India, and Persia (Iran). Today, cinnamon is promoted as a dietary Its great for protecting your seeds and supplement for diabetes or for irritable bowel seedlings from fungi and diseases. syndrome or other gastrointestinal problems, as well Sprinkle some cinnamon powder on as other conditions. the soil of your seedlings as it will stop damping off from the antifungal properties, and it also protects your seedlings if there is an attack from 4 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 SURVIVAL KNOTS EVERYONE SHOULD KNOW This is one of the most basic and common known knots. You can easily do this by forming a loop and pulling one end of the rope through the loop. The double overhand knot is an extended version of the basic overhand knot. Instead of pulling the rope tight, pull the rope through the loop two more times before pulling it tight. An overhand bow is very useful when you’re climbing, fishing, or just tying your shoes. It’s a knot that’s difficult to untie, which makes it very dependable and firm. This knot is similar to the overhand knot, but instead of one rope, you will be using two ropes. The running knot is an adjustable basic knot often used in forming a noose. You need two form loops for this knot. Then, pull the end of the rope through the last loop, make a new loop by going under the rope, and then pull the rope. The loop tightens whenever it’s pulled. Another basic knot every man should know is the figure eight knot. This knot is used when rock climbing or sailing because it prevents the rope from being pulled out of its retaining devices. Tie this knot by making a loop with one end and passing the end through it. Then pull both sides of the rope. 5 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 PLANT BASED MEDICINE Traditional Medicine is considered less effective than Modern medicine, however, does modern medicine leave you with other problems to now diagnose too? Here are a few plants with natural remedies. Aloe vera is commonly known as a topical gel used Peppermint may help improve to treat sunburn. Promisingly, it may also provide other digestion, freshen your breath and health benefits, largely due to its antioxidant improve concentration. Additionally, properties. Preliminary research has indicated that this mint has antibacterial properties aloe vera may benefit your skin, dental, oral, and and may improve allergy symptoms, digestive health. It may even improve blood sugar headaches, and clogged airways. control. Thyme contains chemicals that Aroma therapists use lavender in inhalation therapy might help bacterial and fungal to treat headaches, nervous disorders, and exhaustion. infections. It also might help relieve Herbalists treat skin ailments, such as fungal infections coughing and have antioxidant effects. (like candidiasis), wounds, eczema, and acne, with People commonly use thyme for lavender oil. It is also used in a healing bath for joint cough, patchy hair loss (alopecia and muscle pain. areata), dementia, and many other conditions, but there is no good Lemons contain a high amount of vitamin C, soluble scientific evidence to support these fiber, and plant compounds that give them a number uses. of health benefits. Lemons may aid weight loss and reduce your risk of heart disease, anemia, kidney The herb has been hailed since stones, digestive issues, and cancer. ancient times for its medicinal properties. Rosemary was traditionally People commonly use garlic for high blood pressure, used to help alleviate muscle pain, high levels of cholesterol or other fats in the blood, improve memory, boost the immune and hardening of the arteries. It is also used for the and circulatory system, and promote common cold, osteoarthritis, and many other hair growth. conditions, but there is no good scientific evidence to support these uses. Parsley leaf, seed, and root are used to The main medicinal applications of marigold are skin make medicine. Some people use conditions of all kinds, including contusions, bruises, parsley for conditions such as bladder and varicose veins. Minor skin injuries and infections (UTIs), kidney stones inflammation can also be successfully treated. (nephrolithiasis), gastrointestinal (GI) Marigold ointment promotes wound healing for disorders, constipation, skin eczema and sunburns. conditions, and many others. 7 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE CROP MANAGEMENT MONITORING SYSTEMS ON-SITE MONITORING REMOTE MONITORING Powered by: Cell: (+267) 71 61 4007 Email: firstname.lastname@example.org Issue 6 – August 2022 HOW TO GROW MICRO-GREENS Get your micro-green preferred seeds, then prep your micro-green trays and growing space, you can use soil, a growing mat, or even cotton wool. Place your growing media into the tray, cover the bottom with your preferred seeds, wet your seeds, and watch them grow! You want your growing media to be evenly moist but not completely saturated. Using a spray bottle with a heavy mist setting is best to water your microgreen seeds until germination is achieved. Once all of your microgreens have sprouted, you will want to water from the bottom to avoid wetting the leaves. Growing microgreens is an easy, For larger microgreen seeds like peas, sunflowers, or and affordable, way to have fresh peanuts, you will want to soak them before placing greens year-round. them on the trays. 4 to 6 hours is enough soaking time for most seeds. It doesn’t take much space to grow microgreens, and is also To harvest your microgreens, you will need clean perfect to grow at any time of scissors or a small, sharp kitchen knife. Cut the year! It is known that microgreens microgreen stems just above the soil line. Most are incredibly nutritious, and they people choose to harvest as much of the stem as contain higher levels of active possible to get the most significant nutritional value compounds, vitamins, and and fibre content for personal use, where as nutrients than those found in restaurants prefer a short stem, but either way, do mature plants. what you prefer. Because the plants are so small, Quick growing micro greens will germinate within 2 they quickly lose vibrancy after to 3 days and be ready to begin harvesting around being cut, so for the most flavor the 10th day from planting. For easy harvesting, the and nutritional value, harvesting stems should be at least 3 to 6 cm tall. This includes and eating immediately at the radishes, broccoli, mustards, kale, collard greens, and source is best. Yet another good other quick-growing brassicas. Herbs take the longest reason to grow your own for the to grow as microgreens. Many microgreen varieties freshest possible microgreens. need to stay in the tray for 20 or more days until they are ready to harvest. You can use micro greens in your smoothie or salads. - Bon Appétit! 9 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 Get your FREE printable livestock feed record sheet! Available to download from our website or our Facebook page 10 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 SELF WATERING SEEDLINGS Step 1; Cut the bottle in half so that the bottom piece is deep enough to hold the soil and seedlings. MINIATURE Step2; Poke a few holes in the bottom of the bottle for good GREEN HOUSE drainage. (The top half of the bottle will be the top of the micro greenhouse with the cap on) Step3; Add soil to a quarter of the bottle, and plant your seeds. Water the seeds lightly. Step 4; Close your bottle with the lid at the top, put it on your plate to catch any water from the drainage, and put your miniature green house inside the house on a sunny spot, maybe by a window sill. HOW TO MAKE A The lid will retain the moisture and heat so that the seeds can sprout quickly. SELF WATERING MINI GREEN HOUSE Depending on the type of seed you are using, they should usually sprout within 2-6 days. This is a fun project, and a great way to sprout seedlings. NB: Be sure that the seedlings keeps moist until it is time to plant them in the garden. These micro greenhouses can be made from soda or water Once you transplant the seedlings, you can recuse the bottles with the labels same bottle for sprouting more seedlings. removed. This is also a good project for kids to observe the stages Required tools: of how food is grown, before it becomes food on their plates. - One or two empty 2-liter soda or water bottles that have been thoroughly washed and dried - A knife or sharp scissors. - Potting soil. - Seeds. - A plate to put your bottle greenhouse on to catch any drips. 11 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 EVERYTHING TO KNOW ABOUT The Bonsmara has been scientifically bred and exactly selected for economizing production in the expansive cattle grazing regions of South Africa. The Bonsmara has come so popular that it has grown to be numerically the strongest beef breed in South Africa in less than 25 years. Originating in South Africa as a encourages cow efficiency, and height at withers in adult males scientific experimentation of the outstanding mothering is about 123 cm. professor Bonsma, the ability under all environmental Bonsmara was created circumstances, even extensive Weights: after numerous cross mating's african climates, and this is the Mature cows weigh on an and back- crosses conforming of reason for their admiration, average between 500 to 550 five- eighths Afrikaner( Sanga- hence, why the Bonsmara kg, producing calves with an type), three- sixteenths should be at the top of the average weaning weight of Hereford, and three- sixteenths commercial cattle farmer’s list. around 230 kg each, where as Shorthorn( both taurine types). the bulls can weigh around 800 Bonsmara breed is used mainly kg. The breed was recognized in for beef, and produce high 1964, and was officially quality meat. The main difference between registered in 1972. beefmaster and bonsmara: Bonsmaras have a calm Both breeds comprise 25% At present, the Bonsmara breed temperament, which makes it Hereford and 25% Shorthorn, isn't solely in South Africa, but easy to work with them, and but the Bonsmara has 50% is also found in Botswana, the cows have a good maternal Afrikaner, whereas the Namibia, Zimbabwe, Zambia, ability. Beefmaster has 50% Brahman. Swaziland, Mozambique, DR Congo, Angola, Rwanda, as well Physical characteristics: as Argentina, Australia, Brazil, The breed has a uniform red Greenway Bonsmara and in US. and brown coat, medium horn, Jan Bekker Bonsmaras are selected and bred a slight hump in the bull and a (+267) 716 26 752 through a system that effectively good beef formation. Average email@example.com 12 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 THE IMPORTANCE OF BEES Bees are one of the world' Climate change, habitat loss organophosphates, most significant pollinators and fragmentation, Invasive synthetic pyrethroids, for our food crops. plants and bees, low genetic chlorinated cylcodienes and diversity and pathogens neonicotinoids. Every day we depend on spread by commercially For example, pesticide bees and different managed bees. exposure at the individual pollinators. In actual fact, out One of the greatest threats level might be lethal, sub of each 3 bites we consume to honeybees is industrial lethal or create changes to depends on pollination. agriculture's extensive use of the behaviour of a bee. pesticides. However, at the colony however bee populations level, pesticide exposure still decline due to the wide One group of insecticides might impact an entire bee spread use of pesticides and which is highly toxic to hive, the species, and other environmental factors honey bees cannot be (eventually) crop yields. — like climate change. applied to blooming crops when bees are present Scientists have proven that Without bees, the supply without causing individual bees can be and availability of fresh consequential injury to their poisoned while flying produce would decline colonies, as many pesticides through pesticide- considerably, and human are acutely toxic to bees and contaminated planter dust nutrition would probably cause not only memory loss in a recently planted corn suffer. Crops that may not be and disrupts them from field. More often, they are cost-efficient to hand- or learning, but also result in poisoned at sub lethal levels robot-pollinate would likely death. by eating and drinking be lost or persist solely with contaminated pollen, nectar the dedication of human Among the materials in this and water over time. hobbyists. high-risk category which are toxic to bees “If the bee disappears from the The most pressing threats to include; diazinon, Imidan, surface of the Earth, man long-term bee survival malathion and Sevin., would have no more than four include: Carbamates, years left to live.” - Albert Einstein 13 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 THE EGG When it seems to have slowed down, move on to the carbonate. That’s a complex arrangement of carbons, EXPERIMENT next step of this experiment. Rinse the vinegar and foam calcium, and oxygen. Regular vinegar is made of acetic acid. FOR KIDS out with water and then cover the egg again with The shell is made of the same So what can we do with an vinegar. carbonate as baking soda and egg that is science-like and the little bubbles you see in fun? Wait for 6 days. That’s a long the water are made of carbon time but do it; you don’t dioxide gas; just like the By dissolving an egg shell with want a half pickled egg in bubbles from your vinegar and a mild acid and turns into a your hands. baking soda volcano. rubbery substance.. At the end of this time, rinse off the egg and pick it up This process also “pickles” the Without further ado, let’s get egg, by hardening it up. on it You should notice it feels . slightly different than when The toughening of that Materials needed: you started… the egg is membrane is what lets you An egg (cooked or raw) a tall missing the shell and has a bounce it on the counter, roll it drinking glass, and lastly, rubbery feel to it. Shake it. along the floor, and whatever white vinegar. Gently squeeze it. science you want to do with it! Procedure: Test out your new creation in Experiment Further: Put your egg into the tall the sink by dropping it from a As with all science, the real drinking glass then few inches and then some experimenting takes place pour vinegar into the glass more. after you see the trick. until the egg is covered. Put the glass aside so no one You now have a cool creation I hope that you enjoyed this drinks or spills it. (It will smell that can astound your friends simple experiment for a bit as vinegar has a strong and family. Place it back in children! odour.) the egg tray for some amusement. Allow your egg to soak overnight and make some Explanation: observations! You will notice A chicken’s egg is covered in a a lot of foam and bubbles.. shell that is made of calcium 14 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE 18 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Issue 6 – August 2022 CROP ROTATION A crop rotation system can help to manage your soil and fertility, reduce erosion, improve your soil's health, and increase nutrients available for your crops. Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 Roots Other Brassicas Brassicas Roots Other Other Brassicas Roots Roots: beetroot, carrot and potato. Brassicas: broccoli, Brussel sprout, cabbage, cauliflower, kale, radish and turnip. Other: bean, celery, leek, lettuce, marrow, onion, pea, spinach, sweetcorn and tomato. 16 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE ENROLL NOW (+267) 76 25 22 44 firstname.lastname@example.org View courses at www.agricolleges.com Issue 6 – August 2022 Temo Thuo farmers Directory is in collaboration with Agricolleges AVAILABLE COURSES international which is a modern, cloud- INTRODUCTORY COURSES; based online learning institution. ⇝ Introduction to Agribusiness. ⇝ Introduction to Animal production. We provide students with affordable, ⇝ Introduction to Plant Production. accessible and industry-relevant education and training in the fields of FUNDAMENTALS COURSES; agriculture and related agri-industries. ⇝ Fundamentals of Agribusiness. ⇝ Fundamentals of Avocado production. ACI’s unique offering provides access to ⇝ Fundamentals of Good Agricultural Practices. information in an online, blended and ⇝ Fundamentals of Macadamia Production. shared learning environment, available ⇝ Fundamentals of Maize production. from anywhere at any time. ACI offers various short courses in Agribusiness, CITRUS COURSES; Plant and Animal Production, as well ⇝ Citrus Harvesting. accredited one-year NQF Level 4 ⇝ Citrus Packaging. National Certificate courses. ⇝ Citrus Planting Management. ⇝ Citrus Propagation, Plant Structures & Functions. ⇝ Citrus Pruning. ⇝ Integrated Pest management for Citrus. NATIONAL CERTIFICATES; Contact us today for more information ⇝ National Certificate in general Agriculture. email@example.com ⇝ National Certificate in Plant Production. (+267) 76 25 22 44 ⇝ National Certificate in Animal Production. 18 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE (+267) 393 64 52 firstname.lastname@example.org (+267) 754 84 559 www.easyskips.co.bw Royalgroup.Botswana@gmail.com Issue 6 – August 2022 BRAIN - TWISTER 1. A doctor and a bus driver are both in love with the same woman, an attractive girl named Sarah. The bus driver had to go on a long bus trip that would last a week. Before he left, he gave Sarah seven apples. Why? 2. I left my campsite and hiked south for 3 miles. Then I turned east and hiked for 3 miles. I then turned north and hiked for 3 miles, at which time I came upon a bear inside my tent eating my food! What color was the bear? 3. I can't be bought, but I can be stolen with a glance. I'm worthless to one, but priceless to two. What am I? 4. Turn me on my side and I am everything. Cut me in half and I am nothing. What am I? 5. No matter how little or how much you use me, you change me every month. What am I? 6. If John’s son is my son’s father, who am I? 7. How many holes does this shirt have? 8. What is the missing number? ANSWERS 1. An apple a day keeps the doctor away! 2. White, since the only place you can do that is the North Pole and polar bears are the only kind of bears that live there. 3. Love 4. The number 8 5. A calendar 6. I am John. Your son’s father is you. 7. The shirt has 10 holes. There are the 6 bullet holes, the 2 sleeve holes, and the neck and waist holes. 8. The missing number is 75. The pineapple = 4, watermelon = 9, strawberry = 7, berries = 8. The final line is 8 + 4 + 9 x 7 = 75. DO YOU HAVE ANY TRICKY FARMING RIDDLES, ANY QUESTIONS REGARDING FARMING FOR OUR NEXT Q&A PAGE, OR ARE YOU A CREATOR OF COMIC STRIPS AND WOULD LIKE TO BE FEATURED IN OUR MAGAZINE? Give us a call, send us an email, or a WhatsApp for more info. 20 TEMO THUO FARMERS MAGAZINE Join our WhatsApp group to receive the latest Farmers Magazine!