Russian War Against Ukraine: Energy Dimension DiXi Group alert (status as of 11:00, March 9) Set A2/AD and no-fly zones over Ukraine’s nuclear facilities! Ban imports of Russian oil and gas! #StopRussianAggression #StandWithUkraine On the 14 day of the Russian aggressive war against Ukraine, the enemy continues to bomb th cities and to kill civillians. Destruction of energy infrastructure also continues in the situation of no decision on ‘sky closure’ (creation of a no-fly zone over Ukraine by allies). The enemy continues to use tactics of creating humanitarian disasters, trying to keep some cities and towns under siege. Hundreds of thousands of consumers remain without electricity and gas supply. Besides, representatives of the aggressor issued threats to gas transit to the EU. The Russian invaders continue to essentially hold hostage the personnel of the Zaporizhzhia NPP and the Chornobyl NPP Exclusion Zone. There is an official information about tortures of the ZNPP personnel. The Chornobyl NPP site was fully cut from electricity supply. At the same time, the world started to impose embargo on Russian energy supplies. The U.S. introduced full ban on Russian oil and gas imports, and the UK promised to gradually phase-out Russian energy supplies by the end of 2022. As of 11:30 on March 9, Ukraine's power system stably operates Power system in an autonomous (isolated) mode for the 14th day in a row. The frequency in the network is maintained at 50 Hz. The electricity operation consumption is of a regular character and the system fully covers current demand in electricity without forced disconnection of consumers. Emergency crews of Ukrenergo and distribution system operators inspect transmission lines damaged after night shelling and air attacks and determine the possibility of prompt repairs and restoration of electricity supply. At the same time, according to the Minister of Energy Herman Halushchenko, the process of synchronizing the Ukrainian power system with the ENTSO-E is in the final stages and is expected within a week. According to Energoatom, as of 10 am on March 9, Ukraine's NPPs Radiation safety continue to operate stably. Radiation, fire, and environmental conditions at the plants and adjacent areas have not changed and are within standard limits. The Zaporizhzhia NPP and the city of Energodar remain under Russian military control for the sixth day in a row, which poses a significant risk of violations of nuclear and radiation safety of the facility, the country, the European region, and globally. Currently, two ZNPP units are operating and connected to the network. On March 7, the transformer of unit 6 was under maintenance after damaging its oil system on March 4 during the shelling of ZNPP by the Russian occupants. Also, two high-voltage 750 kV transmission lines - Zaporizhzhia and South Donbass - remain disconnected due to damage. The operational personnel monitors the condition of power units and ensures their safe operation. At the same time, the personnel is under severe psychological pressure and, as the Minister of Energy Herman Halushchenko said, being tortured by the occupiers. Starting from March 9, it is planned that a day shift will arrive at the ZNPP, in addition to operational personnel. Automated systems of radiation control of NPPs, sanitary protection zone, and observation zone operate in normal mode; no changes in radiation level were recorded. However, the ZNPP website is still offline, so real-time radiation data is still not publicly available. In addition, Ukraine informed the IAEA that the Chornobyl NPP personnel held hostage by the Russian terrorists have been working for 13 consecutive days without any shifts and with limited access to food, water, and medicine. Moreover, the remote data transmission from safeguards monitoring systems installed at the Chornobyl NPP site had been lost. According to Ukrenergo, as of 12:20 on March 9, the electricity supply of the Chornobyl NPP site and the city of Slavutych was completely disrupted due to the Russian occupiers’ actions. All this poses significant threats to nuclear and radiation safety. In turn, Ukraine asked the IAEA to lead international efforts to address this dangerous situation. However, the IAEA reaction is still expressed in the form of deep concern and readiness to intervene without appropriate specific action. Attacks: Sumy region For almost two hours in a row, the Russian troops bombarded and shelled the civilian infrastructure of the city of Okhtyrka. CHP and many electrical towers have been completely destroyed, the sewage collector is destroyed; the city is without electricity, partially also without water supply, reports the Mayor of Okhtyrka Pavlo Kuzmenko. During the night, the Russian military dropped three bombs on the Sumy region, killing 23 people, in particular three children, and injuring many. The enemy continues the genocide of the Ukrainian people, killing civilians, said the Sumy Regional Military Administration Head Dmytro Zhyvytskyi. Kharkiv region The enemy continues to carry out missile and bomb attacks on residential quarters and critical infrastructure of the city of Kharkiv. In just 24 hours, the city was attacked more than 50 times by artillery and multiple rocket systems. Several hits were recorded in the facilities of Kharkivoblenergo, where the main substations are located, and there were also attempts to damage CHP- 5. The catastrophic situation remains in the city of Izium - at night, the enemy carried out an air raid by fighters; battles for the city continue, there is no utilities and communications. Donetsk The city of Mariupol remains under siege, without electricity, heat, water regions supply and mobile communication. The Russian invaders once again prevented the peaceful inhabitants of the city from leaving and the humanitarian cargo from entering the city. This is the genocide in the center of Europe in the XXI century, according to the Donetsk Regional Military Administration Head Pavlo Kyrylenko. Besides the city of Mariupol, the enemy constantly attacks the city of Volnovakha. Within 24 hours, the localities of Maryinka, Novoluhanske and Krasnohorivka were shelled, there were casualties and destruction. In the Donetsk region, as of 20:00 on March 8, the Russian troops killed 58 and injured 288 civilians (numbers without the killed and wounded residents of the city of Mariupol). Lugansk The Russian army continues to destroy residential quarters of the cities of region the Luhansk region. Only the city of Severodonetsk for 24 hours was three times massively shelled, the Luhansk Regional Military Administration Head Serhii Haidai informed. The enemy also bombarded the localities of Lysychansk, Rubizhne, Popasna, Kreminna, Metyolkine, damaged or completely destroyed 63 houses, with 10 people reported to be killed. As of 08:00 on March 9, 22 settlements in the Luhansk region are completely disconnected, 12 - partially, more than 56,000 consumers are without electricity. In addition, residential quarters and civilian objects in the Chernihiv, Zhytomyr, Kyiv, Mykolaiv and other regions of Ukraine were attacked by aircraft and missiles, shelled by multiple-fire systems and artillery. There are whole families and children among the dead. Countermeasures of Ukrainian companies: The Ministry of Energy reports it has sent official letters to the IAEA with the request: • immediate ceasefire and prohibition of Russian occupying forces from approaching closer than 30 km to nuclear power facilities; • the IAEA to request the NATO to establish A2 / AD zone (no fly zone) over the territory of Ukraine, taking into account the geography of NPPs location in Ukraine; • intensifying the IAEA activities to coordinate the prevention of acts of nuclear terrorism at the Chornobyl NPP site and on humanitarian and psychological assistance to its personnel with detailed documentation of events; • banning Russia's access to the IAEA intellectual and technological resources, severing relations with Russian citizens employed at the UN nuclear-related structures; • immediate strengthening of the IAEA-led monitoring and control over the situation at Zaporizhzhia NPP (Energodar), South Ukraine NPP (Yuzhnoukrainsk), Rivne NPP (Varash), Khmelnytskyi NPP (Netishyn) and other nuclear facilities of Ukraine with the involvement of international organizations on nuclear safety, and other international organizations, including the WHO and the ICRC. Naftogaz has denied fake information about a possible increase in gas prices in the Kherson region. The Security Service of Ukraine reports it neutralizes large-scale cyber attacks on critical infrastructure of Ukraine (including energy facilities) and urges all citizens and companies to contact a special e-mail address if signs of a cyber attack are detected. Disruption of supply: Gas Gas Transmission System Operator of Ukraine (GTSOU) informed that, due to the Russian aggression, 32 of 1,389 gas distribution stations (GDS) were damaged in the Donetsk, Zaporizhzhia, Kyiv, Luhansk, Mykolaiv, Kharkiv and Kherson regions. About one million residents of the Donetsk and Zaporizhzhia regions are left without gas supply due to damage to the Kramatorsk-Donetsk- Mariupol main pipeline. At the same time, GTSOU managed to keep the Chaika GDS operating, which provides gas to 30,000 households in the Kyiv region. Moreover, during the past 24 hours, the work of two GDS in the Kyiv and Mykolaiv regions was resumed. The threat to Ukraine's transit gas pipelines remains, as particular representatives of the aggressor state (the Russian Vice PM Alexander Novak) hinted at possible ‘provocations at the Ukrainian gas system’, of which the Ukrainian party may be accused. In the Kyiv region, due to hostilities, gas supply was suspended in 37 localities. Both pipelines and equipment were severely damaged, leading to further combustion of gas leaked. Gas supply to five villages has been restored in the Kharkiv region. In the next few days, repair crews expect to return gas supply to another 800 homes. In the Donetsk region, DSO’s crews are repairing new damages on their own. Damage to a medium pressure pipeline near a GDS was recently localized. Sever bombings continue in the Luhansk region, as of March 8, more than 16,000 consumers left without gas supply, including 932 consumers in Severodonetsk. In the Zaporizhzhya region, gas supply was restored to more than 1,800 households. Despite the hostilities, supplies to the residents of Vasylivka and Hulyaipole area have been resumed. As a result of night attacks in the Mykolaiv region, about 400 applications for repair of gas distribution networks were recorded, and additional crews are formed. At the same time, gas supply in the village of Peresadivka and in Mykolaiv was restored. In the Chernihiv region, about 60 network damages were recorded, including 40 in Chernihiv. In the last few days, Chernihivgaz employees have restored gas supplies to over 3,000 households. According to the Ministry of Energy, as of 18:00 on March 7, app. 238,200 consumers had no gas supply. The largest number of households who resumed the ability to consume gas is in the Zaporizhzhia and Kharkiv regions. Electricity According to Ukrenerho, as of 12:22 on March 9, the Chornobyl NPP site and the city of Slavutych seized by the occupiers were completely cut off electricity supply. Large-scale disconnections and, accordingly, active recovery works are taking place: • in the Donetsk region, the situation remains the most difficult - the city of Mariupol is completely disconnected, the supply of damaged areas in the city of Toretsk is restored; • in the Zaporizhzhia region, power supply was restored for 17,200 consumers. Instead, 51,500 consumers remain without electricity supply; • in the Luhansk region, as of 08:00 on March 9, 22 settlements were completely offline, 12 - partially; 56,706 consumers are without electricity, 466 substations disconnected; • in the Kyiv region, supplies for 8,900 households living in 38 settlements of the Makariv and Kyiv-Sviatoshynskyi districts were resumed; 446 settlements remain without power supply; • in the Sumy region, according to the Regional Military Administration, the bombing of the settlements continues, in particular the city of Okhtyrka, which remains without electricity and heat supply due to the destroyed CHP; • in the Chernihiv region, 104 settlements and 12,662 consumers of the city of Chernihiv remain without electricity supply; • in the Zhytomyr region, supplies were restored for the air-hit areas of Zhytomyr and surrounding villages; • in the Kherson region, supplies were partially restored in the city of Nova Kakhovka, fully restored in 12 settlements, and repair works are being carried out in the city of Kherson and nearby villages. Sources: The alerts are developed based on collected, verified, and analyzed information reports of over 100 official sources: ministries, state agencies, network operators, and energy companies. Information was collected only from official websites and official social media accounts.